will and be going to грамматика упражнения

Future Simple or be going to? Упражнения

Мы уже много говорили о структуре be going to, выполняли упражнения на отработку, а сегодня попрактикуемся в использовании be going to и Simple Future. В конце списка упражнений Вы найдете ответы для самоконтроля. Возможно, Вам также пригодится статья Способы выражения будущего времени в английском языке.

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to to complete the conversation.

— Can I speak to Fiona, please?

— Speaking. Is that you, Pat?

— It’s me. Hi. What you ______________ (1 – do) tonight?

— I don’t know yet. I think, I _____________ (2 — read) the book Nora gave me yesterday.

— How about going to the cinema?

— Sounds good, but I’m looking after my little brother after eight, because my parents are going to their friend’s birthday party.

— Poor you. Your brother is so naughty sometimes!

— But I love him. He’s so funny! I think, he _______________ (3 — be) a good clown. He says he ______________ (4 — be) a pilot, nothing else. Well, what ______________ (5 — do) you tonight?

— I don’t know either. I wanted to go somewhere nice with you, but you are baby-sitting tonight, so I __________ (6 — help) you to baby-sit, if you don’t mind.

—Of course, I don’t. Come along and we___________ (7 — have) a nice cup of tea and _________ (8—play) with my brother.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to.

  1. She is sure that he ___________ (not/manage) to catch the train.
  2. Next year we _______________ (travel) together around Europe.
  3. The athletes soon _________ (return) from the competition.
  4. His parents think Jim __________ (become) a doctor one day.
  5. They have bought new sports shoes. They ___________ (start) running next week.
  6. It’s getting dark. I ___________ (turn) on the light.
  7. They __________ (be) eighteen next month.
  8. Scientists for sure _________ (find) a cure for this disease.

Упражнение 3. Соотнесите предложения с правилами использования will или be going to.

  1. I’m going shopping now. OK, I’ll come with you.
  2. Many people think life will be easier in the future.
  3. It’s six o’clock now. It’s going to be dark soon.
  4. We’re going to watch a football match tomorrow.

a) a general prediction about the future

b) an instant decision

c) a plan or intention

d) a prediction about the future based on present evidence.

Упражнение 4. Подчеркните верный вариант. Choose and underline the correct form of the verb.

В: I’m going to / I’ll open the window.

A: Do you want tea or coffee?

В: I’m going to / I’II have coffee, please.

A: What are you going to / will you do next weekend?

A: The phone’s ringing. Shall I answer it?

В: It’s going to / It’II be Janet for me. Don’t get up.

A: I’m going to / I ‘II see a film at two o’clock.

В: I’m going to / I’II come with you.

4) Robots are going to / will do everything for us in the future.

B: The oven is hot now. Dinner will be / is going to be ready in twenty minutes

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, используя Future Simple или be going to. Choose between Future Simple and be going to.

Becky: What _________ (1 you do) this weekend?

Liam: I _________ (2 help) my dad on Saturday. What about you?

Becky: Well, I _________ (3 not help) my dad! My grandparents live in Wales. I _________ (4 visit) them.

Liam: That sounds great! Have you got any plans for Sunday?

Becky: I _________ (5 play) volleyball on Sunday at three o’clock. I play for a team. We’ve got some good players. I think we _________ (6 win). Would you like to come and watch?

Liam: OK, great idea! I _________ (7 see) you at the sports centre at three.

Helen: I _________ (8 go) to the shops this afternoon with my mum.

Mark: Oh, really? (9 you buy) _________ a birthday present for Jackie?

Helen: Yes, I am. I _________ (10 look) for a new skirt for her party too.

Mark: Mmm. I’d like to go shopping. Can I come with you?

Helen: Of course! I _________ (11 ask) my mum.

Упражнение 6. Complete the conversation. Use ‘m going to, ‘re going to, ‘ll or won’t.

A: (1) I ___________ play tennis this afternoon.

В: Great! (2) I ___________ come with you.

A: But you haven’t got a tennis racket.

В: (3) I ___________ borrow my brother’s racket.

A: And you don’t know how to play tennis.

В: (4) I ___________ practise first.

A: But (5) I ___________ play with Phil and after the match (6) we ___________ have lunch with his parents.

В: Oh! Well, then (7) I ___________ come with you. (8) I ___________ do my homework.

Упражнение 7. Complete the conversation. Use the correct form of will or going to.

Tom: (1 you watch) ____________TV tonight?

Ann: No. I’ve just bought some new CDs. I _______________ (2 listen) to them. What about you?

Tom: I ___________ (3 watch) the new Brad Pitt film. It’s on at 7.30.

Ann: Oh, really? I didn’t know about that. I think I _____________ (4 watch) it, too. I _____________ (5 listen) to my CDs tomorrow.

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Tom: Let’s watch the film together. I_______________ (6 buy) some drinks and snacks.

Ann: Oh, thanks. That’s a great idea.

Упражнение 8. Use the correct form of will or going to.

  1. My friend is travelling to the airport. She ‘ll /’s going to catch a plane.
  2. In the future we won’t travel by plane. We’re going to / ‘ll travel by spaceship.
  3. It’s raining outside so we ‘ll / ‘re going to get wet.
  4. In 2050 every person in the world will/ is going to have a mobile phone.
  5. We’re going to / ‘ll discover life on other planets in the future.

Упражнение 9. Choose the correct form of will or going to.

  1. My dad’s got a new job in London. We’ll / ‘re going to move there in July.
  2. I’ll / I’m going to visit France next month Mum’s already bought our tickets.
  3. ‘It’s hot in here!’ ‘ I’ll / I’m going to open the window.’
  4. They booked their summer holiday last week. They will / ‘re going to stay with their uncle.
  5. ‘It’s a secret.’ ‘OK. I won’t / ‘m not going to tell anyone.’
  6. ‘Would you like cola or orange juice?’ ‘I ‘ll / ‘m going to have cola, please.’

Упражнение 10. Choose the correct form of will or going to.

Pete: What (1 you do) ______________ this weekend?

Sara: I (2 go) _____________ to Paul’s house on Saturday to watch a video. What about you?

Pete: Well, I (3 not go) ______________ to Paul’s house because it’s my mum’s birthday. But I (4 play) __________ football on Sunday morning.

Sara: Oh really? I (5 come) ______________ and watch!

Pete: OK. I (6 see) ____________ you there.

Will: I think I (7 go) ___________ swimming. Do you want to come?

Sue: I can’t. I (8 visit) ______________ my grandparents. What (9 you do) ___________ tomorrow?

Will: I (10 see) ___________ a film with Andy and Jill. Do you want to come too?

Sue: Yes, great! I (11 meet) _____________ you outside the cinema.

Упражнение 11. Choose the correct answer.

1 Don t touch that dog. It’s going to bite / It’ll bite you.

2 I’m going out for a walk now.

-Oh, is it? Well, I’m going/ I’ll go out later.

3 Why don’t you change your hair style? You’re going to look / You ‘ll look much better.

4 Why do you want to sell your flat?

— I’ll move / I’m going to move to Madrid.

Упражнение 12. Сделайте предложения вопросительными и отрицательными. Make the sentences into negatives and questions.

You’ll be at home tonight.

I’m going to see you tomorrow.

It’ll rain tomorrow.

She’s going to be late tonight.

Упражнение 13. Исправьте ошибки в предложениях, если таковые имеются.

  1. What are you going to doing in Summer?
  2. Jane shall travel to Italy.
  3. Ted and Bob is going to go camping.
  4. My grandparents are going to visit Scotland.
  5. Our teacher will swim in the sea yesterday.
  6. The boy will have a lot of fun next Sunday, will not he?


1 are you going to do, 2 will read, 3 will be, 4 will be, 5 are you going to do, 6 will help, 7 will have, 8 (will) play

1 won’t manage, 2 are going to travel, 3 will soon return, 4 will become, 5 are going to start running, 6 will turn, 7 will be, 8 will find

1- b, 2 — a, 3 — d, 4 – c.

1 I’ll open / I’ll have / are you going to

3 I’m going to / I’ll come

1 are you going to do, 2 am going to help, 3 am not going to help, 4 am going to visit. 5 am going to play, 6 will win, 7 will see, 8 am going, 9 Are you going to buy, 10 am going to look , 11 will ask

1 ‘m going to, 2 ‘ll, 3 ‘ll, 4 will, 5 ‘m going to, 6 ‘re going to, 7 won’t, 8 ‘ll

1 are you going to watch, 2 am going to listen, 3 am going to watch, 4 will watch, 5 will listen, 6 will buy

1. ‘s going to, 2 ‘ll travel, 3 ‘re going to, 4 will, 5 ‘ll

1 ‘re going to move, 2 I’m going to, 3 I’ll, 4 ‘re going to, 5 won’t, 6 ‘ll

1 are you going to do, 2 am going, 3 am not going, 4 am going to play, 5 I’ll come, 6 ‘ll see, 7 will go, 8 am going to visit, 9 are you going to do, 10 am going to see, 11 will meet

1. It’ll bite, 2 I’ll go, 3 You ‘ll look, 4 I’m going to move

1 to doing -> to do, 2 shall travel -> is going to travel, 3 is going -> are going, 4 correct, 5 yesterday -> tomorrow, 6 will not he ->won’t he.

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5 Комментариев для «Future Simple or be going to? Упражнения»

Почему в первом упражнении в 4 используется will, тогда как там говорится о личном намерении человека? Не says he is going to be a pilot.

Еще вопрос. В 6 упражнении в 4 предложении решение принимается во время разговора, следовательно требуется will, но употреблен оборот be going to. Не уместнее ли будет так? I will practise first.

Упражнение 10. Во втором по ответам должен быть употреблен оборот be going to, но так как основной глагол там go, «I am going to go» будет некорректно. Тоже самое касательно 3 предложения того же упражнения.

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I’m going to go -верная форма. С чего вы решили, что она не корректна? be going to- стандартная конструкция. Глагол может добавляться любой к ней.

Добрый день. Не says he is going to be a pilot — нормально, как и will be (которое дается в ответах к упражнению в книге). Согласна с Вами, что больше похоже на личное намерении, нежели на предсказание будущего.

Согласна и по поводу 6.

В 10 упражнении вы не поняли ключи. Нужно не I am going to go а просто I am going (как и написано в ключах)

I’m going to go верная форма

Elle, Вы не правы.Никто не говорит I am going to go, ибо достаточно просто I’m going


Will и to be going to: учимся подставлять правильные варианты

Выбор между will и to be going to — сложная задача, так как здесь нет точного правила и все происходит больше по ощущениям. Поэтому часто в одной фразе может употребляться как will, так и to be going to.

В целом, можно сказать, что различие заключается в намерении человека что-то сделать: он собирается что-то сделать, но еще не решил до конца (то есть событие может наступит, а может и нет) и он предсказывает, что что-то сделает.

Иногда to be going to и will идут друг за другом, где первое подчеркивает намерение, а второе — перечисляет детали или комментирует их:

We are going to have dinner this Sunday. There`ll be five of us. — Мы устраиваем обед в это воскресенье. Нас будет пятеро.
Oh, that`ll be nice. — Это будет славно.

Но есть и другой способ, менее привычный для нас: to be going to показывает предопределенность событий, в то время как will просто констатирует факт.

Look at these clouds. it`s going to rain soon. — Посмотри на эти облака. Скоро будет дождь (а может и не будет).

Be careful! You are going to break the chair! — Осторожно! Ты сломаешь этот стул (а может не сломает).

She is going to have a baby in May. — Она в мае будет рожать (а может и в апреле).

Все эти примеры предопределяют результат: тучи — дождь, беременность — роды. Но никто не говорит, что события случатся со 100% вероятностью.

Однако есть один немаловажный факт — если событие спланировано заранее, то употребляется to be going to . Если оно спонтанное — употребляется will .

I left my wallet at home. — Я оставил свой кошелёк дома.
Don`t worry. I`ll lent you $20. — Не переживай, я одолжу тебе 20 долларов (спонтанное решение)

I`m going to lend you the money. Do you still need it? — Я собирался одолжить тебе денег. Они тебе все еще нужны. (спланированное действие).

Помимо всего вышесказанного, есть типичные фразы, после которых всегда идет will: to think, to be sure, to expect.

I think I`ll see her tomorrow . — Я думаю, я завтра увижу её.
I`m sure everything will be all right. — Я уверен, все будет хорошо.

Если же действие или событие вот-вот произойдет, то в таком случае употребляют to be about :

The lesson is about to start — урок вот-вот начнется.
The train is about to leave . — Поезд сейчас уедет.


Будущее время

Will and be going to

1. Обведите ошибку в каждом предложении. Напишите предложение правильно.

1. I’ll definitely will go on vacation this winter. _____________________________________

2. We will move probably house again. _____________________________________

3. I’ll don’t think he’ll become a teacher. _____________________________________

4. I won’t I think apply to college. _____________________________________

5. I won’t probably visit my friends tonight. _____________________________________

6. She’ll probably will get a good job. _____________________________________

7. We’ll not definitely go on vacation this year. _____________________________________

2. Напишите слова в правильном порядке.

1. I / go / college / definitely / will / to _____________________________________

2. think / get / job / a / don’t / will / I / new / I _____________________________________

3. become / doctor / probably / will / She / a _____________________________________

4. won’t / weekend / the / I / on / definitely / work _____________________________________

5. thinks / he / vacation / on / He / will / go _____________________________________

6. movies / They / go / probably / won’t / the / to _____________________________________

7. sure / Ukraine / move / I’m / he’ll / to _____________________________________

8. probably / dog / They / this / will / a / year / get _____________________________________

3. Обведите ошибку в каждом предложении. Напишите предложение правильно.

1. We’ll probably won’t go out for a pizza. _____________________________________

2. She will start probably studying later. _____________________________________

3. I’ll will definitely finish this tonight. _____________________________________

4. They’ll not probably buy a house. _____________________________________

5. I won’t I think have a coffee, thanks. _____________________________________

6. I won’t definitely buy those sneakers. _____________________________________

7. He’ll not probably get married. _____________________________________

4. Напишите слова в правильном порядке.

1. become / lawyer / He / probably / will / a _____________________________________

2. probably / dinner / We / out / go / won’t / for _____________________________________

3. on / think / vacation / I / go / I’ll _____________________________________

4. that / definitely / won’t / Dad / buy / car _____________________________________

5. I’ll / don’t / live / think / Zhmerinka / I / in _____________________________________

6. get / sure / he’ll / I’m / job / that _____________________________________

7. cycling / on / probably / Saturday / We’ll / go _____________________________________

8. Kolya / definitely / married / to / I’ll / get ______________________

5. Напишите P (Plan/Планирование) или O (Offer/Предложение).

1. I’ll make you some coffee. _____

2. We’re going to go on vacation. _____

3. I’ll help you pack. _____

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4. I’m going to read my book. _____

5. I’m not going to watch this movie. _____

6. We’ll cook dinner tonight. _____

7. We’re going to go dancing. _____

8. We’ll take you to the concert. _____

6. Напишите планирования или предложения. Используйте be going to или will.

1. I / learn / to drive (plan) _____________________________________

2. I / lend / you my bike (offer) _____________________________________

3. We / give you a ride / to the airport (offer) _____________________________________

4. We / go out / for dinner (plan) _____________________________________

5. I / buy / some new shoes (plan) _____________________________________

6. I / book / the tickets (offer) _____________________________________

7. We / play / football (plan) _____________________________________

8. I / help you with / your homework (offer) _____________________________________

7. Обведите P (Plan/Планирование) или O (Offer/Предложение).

1. They’re going to visit Japan. P / O

2. I’ll pick you up from school. P / O

3. I’m going to watch TV. P / O

4. We’ll do the shopping. P / O

5. They aren’t going to take a taxi. P / O

6. I’ll call your mom. P / O

7. We’ll meet you at the airport. P / O

8. I’m not going to play football. P / O

8. Напишите предложения. Используйте слова в скобках.

1. I / go / on vacation (going to) _____________________________________

2. I / lend / you / my eraser (will) _____________________________________

3. They / buy / the tickets now (going to) _____________________________________

4. We / help / you / pack (will) _____________________________________

5. He / play / tennis Tomorrow (going to) _____________________________________

6. We / go / to the movies (going to) _____________________________________

7. I / make / us / some coffee (will) _____________________________________

8. I / take / you / to the airport (will) ______________________

9. Напишите планирования или предложения. Используйте be going to или will.

1. I’m not _________________ do my homework right now. (P)

2. He _________________ help you. (O)

3. Are you _________________ apply for a passport? (P)

4. We _________________ come to the airport if you want us to meet you. (O)

5. They are _________________ see you Tomorrow. (P)

6. My sister _________________ look after your cat for you. (O)

10. Напишите планирования или предложения. Используйте be going to или will.

1. a. Naomi is going to take the early morning flight to Osaka Tomorrow. (give / ride to the airport)
b. I _________________________________

2. a. Dad, the concert doesn’t finish until very late – after midnight. (come / get)
b. I _________________________________

3. a. I’d really like some cAnzhela, but I don’t have any money! (give / some)
b. I _________________________________

4. a. I have so much homework and I can’t do it! (help)
b. I _________________________________

5. a. Nina doesn’t want to walk home alone at midnight. (walk / with)
b. I _________________________________

6. a. I forgot to book a table at the restaurant. (call / the restaurant)
b. I _________________________________

11. Напишите A (affirmative/утвердительное) или N (negative/отрицательное).

1. I probably won’t live in Moldova City. _____

2. I think I’ll study in the United States. _____

3. I definitely won’t go to France. _____

4. I’ll probably study English. _____

5. I’ll definitely stay in Ukraine. _____

6. I don’t think I’ll study in Europe. _____

12. Заполните предложения. Используйте will / won’t, слова ниже, а также слова в скобках.

go out / pass / get married / get a taxi / study science / buy

1. They _________________________. (definitely)

2. He ________________________ at college. (probably / not )

3. He _______________________ the exam. (definitely / not)

4. I __________________________ a new computer. (think)

5. He _________________________ tonight. (probably / not)

6. We __________________________. (definitely)

13. Заполните пробелы. Используйте will или won’t.

1. Stepan _______ definitely go to college.

2. He _______ get married before he’s 2

5. He’ll get married when he’s 30.

3. He _______ definitely have children because he loves them.

4. He _______ live in a village. He’ll live in the city.

5. He _______ definitely live in a nice house.

6. He probably _______ be rich, but he’ll be OK.

14. Заполните пробелы, используя be going to или will.

1. It’s raining. I _____________ get you an umbrella.

2. We _____________ go to the movies on Saturday.

3. You look cold. I _____________ find you a sweater.

4. It’s late. I _____________ take you to the station.

5. They _____________ stay with their grandparents this summer.

6. She _____________ study history at college.

7. I _____________ meet my friends tonight.

8. Don’t worry. Vova _____________ carry that for you.

15. Заполните пробелы, используя be going to или will.

1. They _____________ go to a party on the weekend.

2. It’s hot in here. I _____________ open the window.

3. Is that difficult? I _____________ help you with it.

4. We _____________ watch a movie at home tonight.

5. He _____________ play baseball with his friends.

6. It’s very late. I _____________ call you a taxi.

7. I _____________ babysit Ilya so you and your husband can go to the concert.

8. He _____________ book his flight next week.

16. Обведите правильные варианты.

1. I am going to study / studying hard for my exams.

2. I will helping / help you with your homework.

3. Are / Do you going to take the bus to the airport?

4. I’ll to order / order a pizza for dinner tonight.

5. I not / I’m not going to go to the party on the weekend.

6. What are you going to do / going do tonight?

Вы можете разместить свои варианты ответов для проверки в блоке для комментариев ниже.