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used to infinitive упражнения для 7 класса

Конструкция Used to (правила, упражнения)

В этом уроке английского языка для продолжающих мы рассмотрим конструкцию Used to, которая употребляется в прошедшем времени и не имеет ничего общего с глаголом use — использовать, который в прошедшем времени также имеет форму used.

Конструкция USED TO. Правила использования и упражнения

Конструкция USED TO. Правила

  1. Конструкция Used to описывает регулярные действия или состояния В ПРОШЛОМ и переводится «когда то, бывало, раньше».
  2. Конструкция Used to используется только в прошедшем времени (Past Simple Tense), после нее используется инфинитив глагола с частицей to.
  3. Данная конструкция употребляется, когда говорящий хочет показать, что действие-инфинитив в настоящем времени данное действие уже не происходит.

ПРИМЕР: I used to go swimming a lot. — Я раньше много плавал (а сейчас нет).

  • I used to get up at seven but now I get up later. – Раньше я вставала в 7 часов, но теперь я встаю позже.
  • He didn’t use to wake up so early. – Раньше он не просыпался так рано.
  • What time did you use to wake up when you worked in a hospital?– В какое время ты просыпалась, когда работала в госпитале?

Упражнения на конструкцию Used to

Упражнение 1. Перепишите предложения, используя конструкцию Used to.

ОБРАЗЕЦ He played toy cars when he was a boy. = He used to play toy cars when he was a boy.

  1. He studied French. = …………………………………….. French.
  2. He was proud of his team.= …………………………………….. proud of his team.
  3. Peter had more pocket money. = …………………………………….. more pocket money.
  4. They called him names. = ………………………………………. him names.
  5. When Grandpa was a student, he did sports. = ……………………………………….. when he was a student.
  6. She went to the disco every Sunday. = …………………………………………… to the disco every Sunday.
  7. They were lucky. = ……………………………………………. lucky.
  8. He argued with his classmates. = ………………………………………….. with his classmates.
  9. Mary went shopping on Friday. = ………………………………………….. shopping on Friday.
  10. She had a short holiday in spring.= …………………………………………… a short holiday in spring.

Упражнение 2. Составьте предложения, используя конструкцию used to по таблице.

ОБРАЗЕЦ Mr Smith used to live in a small house but now he lives in a mansion. –

Когда-то мистер Смит жил в маленьком доме, а сейчас он живет в особняке.

Before Now
1. Mr Smith lived in a small house. He lives in a mansion.
2. Mr Smith worked as a clerk. He doesn’t work at all.
3. He didn’t go on holiday. He travels every year.
4. He had an old car. He has a brand-new sports car.
5. He spent all evenings at home. He goes out every evening.

Упражнение 3. Составьте несколько предложений о том, что вы делали, когда были ребенком.

ОБРАЗЕЦ In summer I used to go fishing with my dad.

Упражнение 4. Задайте 5 вопросов, используя конструкцию used to.

ОБРАЗЕЦ (where/ live?) – Where did you use to live when you were a child?

  1. (where/ play?)
  2. (who/ play with?)
  3. (play toy cars?
  4. (play darts?)
  5. (what/ collect?)
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Упражнение 5. Переведите на английский.

  1. Бывало, он разрешал нам приглашать друзей (to invite our friends).
  2. Бывало, у нее были проблемы в школе.
  3. Бывало, они обсуждали свои проблемы.
  4. Бывало, мы ездили поездом.
  5. Бывало, они проигрывали.
  6. Бывало, я сердился на него.
  7. Бывало, они пели английские песни.
  8. Бывало, я встречал его в школе каждый день.
  9. Бывало, наши уроки начинались в 7.30.
  10. Бывало, они смотрели видеофильмы на уроках (in class).

Источник

Конструкция used to. Упражнения

Упражнение 1. Используйте правильную форму глагола.

When I was a child.

  1. I used to go/used to gone on a hike with my mum and dad every weekend.
  2. I used not to visit/didn’t use to visit any faraway places.
  3. I didn’t used to read/didn’t use to read fantasy.
  4. We use to spent/used to spend summer in the country.
  5. Children used to wear/used to wore ugly uniforms at school.
  6. I used disliked /used to dislike sightseeing.
  7. Children use to were/used to be friendlier.

Упражнение 2. Перепишите предложения, использовав used to в нужной форме.

Example: She was a Science teacher. She isn’t now. — She used to be a Science teacher.

1.We didn’t have a dishwasher when I was little. 2. Jim played in the team last year. He doesn’t play anymore. 3. I knew few famous people. Now many of them are my friends. 4. My granny enjoyed knitting. Now she prefers outdoor activities. 5. My skin looked pale in spring. Now I’m sun-tanned. 6. My sister doesn’t live with us anymore. She got married and moved to Paris.

Упражнение 3. Дополните интервью следующими фразами:

use to work, used to laugh, use to like, used to hate, used to be, used to work

Interviewer: Where did you grow up?

Bianka: West London. And it wasn’t such a nice place at that time. There (1) _________lots of factories around that made the place look ugly. It’s changed a lot since then.

Interviewer: Did you go to school there?

Bianka: No, I didn’t. My school was ten kilometres away. I had to ride a bike.

Interviewer: What lessons did you (2) ________________?

Bianka: Believe it or not, I (3) _____________ Music. I always sang too loudly and everybody (4) _______at me. My favourite lessons were Maths and PE.

Interviewer: Did you (5) ________ after school or on holidays?

Bianka: I did. I (6) __________ at one of the music studius in the area. Just making tea and coffee, you know. Then one day one of the studio bosses heard me singing in the kitchen and they decided to give it a try!

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Упражнение 4. Составьте вопросы из слов.

1. you like What use did look to?

2. did What like you to use?

3. do you use didn’t to What?

4. you did to use What about dream?

5. games to did you What play use?

Упражнение 5. Прочтите истории людей о своем детстве, переведите предложения с used to.

  • I used to think that the orange and green tic-tacs gave you special powers. The orange ones would make you stronger and the green ones would make you faster. So I used to eat some green ones and run around my room as fast as I could, then eat the orange ones and try to pick up the sofa. I wish it were true! Chuck
  • I used to believe that butterflies could eat your nose. Kate G.
  • I used to believe that if I dug a hole big enough in beach sand, I woidd reach China and meet a China boy. Mckenzie
  • I used to believe that my stuffed animals would get lonely and sad when I was gone. I had to leave them at least in pairs so they had a friend to talk to. Jualie
  • I was 14 years old and my mother was talking about Veterans Day coming up. I looked at her and said, “Ya know, mom, I have never understood why they have a day to celebrate Veterinarians. I mean it’s great that they take care of animals but why is it so special to everyone?” My mom started laughing so hard I thought she was going to go rolling on the ground. When she finally could gather herself she looked at me and said, “Is that what you have thought your whole life?” and then started laughing again. Took her about 30 minutes before she would explain that I was wrong. I felt like an idiot! Nikkie

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Источник

учителя английского языка / Упражнения used to + infinitive

Раскройте скобки, используя конструкцию used to, и напишите о том, что люди делали раньше, но не делают сейчас. Переведите предложения.
1. Ann … (buy) white bread, but now she buys brown bread.
2. Susan … (drink) black coffee, but now she drinks white.
3. Henry … (smoke) a pipe, but now he doesn’t smoke at all.
4. My dad … (run) 5 km every day, but now he doesn’t run.
5. My wife … (spend) much money on clothes, but now she spends it on travelling.

Раскройте скобки, поставив один из глаголов в форму Past Simple, а другой – с использованием конструкции used to.
Н-р: He … (live) in New York before he … (enter) Oxford University. – He used to live in New York before he entered Oxford University. (Когда-то он жил в Нью-Йорке, пока не поступил в Оксфордский университет.)
1. I … (earn) enough money, but then I … (lose) my job.
2. Bob … (not like) football, but then he … (change) his mind.
3. My mum … (drive) a lot before she … (have) that accident.
4. This telephone … (work) well before my son … (drop) it.
5. Mary … (work) in a hotel, but then she … (get) married.
6. He … (play) basketball before he … (break) his leg.

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Выберите верный вариант и переведите.
Jack … (used to/is used to) cooking for himself when he comes home from work.
I remember how we … (used to/are used to) listen to rock-n-roll music all the time.
Pam … (used to/is used to) spend hours in front of the mirror when she was a teenager.
They … (didn’t use to/are not used to) eating Japanese food.
Our town … (used to/is used to) be an industrial centre.
My son … (didn’t use to/isn’t used to) going to bed so early.
We … (used to/are used to) meet him every day.
I … (didn’t use to/am not used to) driving on the left.

Дополните интервью следующими фразами:use to work, used to laugh, use to like, used to hate, used to be, used to work

Interviewer: Where did you grow up?
Bianka: West London. And it wasn’t such a nice place at that time. There (1) _________lots of factories around that made the place look ugly. It’s changed a lot since then.
Interviewer: Did you go to school there?
Bianka: No, I didn’t. My school was ten kilometres away. I had to ride a bike.
Interviewer: What lessons did you (2) ________________?
Bianka: Believe it or not, I (3) _____________ Music. I always sang too loudly and everybody (4) _______at me. My favourite lessons were Maths and PE.
Interviewer: Did you (5) ________ after school or on holidays?
Bianka: I did. I (6) __________ at one of the music studius in the area. Just making tea and coffee, you know. Then one day one of the studio bosses heard me singing in the kitchen and they decided to give it a try!

Составьте вопросы из слов.
1. you like What use did look to?
2. did What like you to use?
3. do you use didn’t to What?
4. you did to use What about dream?
5. games to did you What play use?

Перепишите предложения, использовав used to в нужной форме.

Example: She was a Science teacher. She isn’t now. — She used to be a Science teacher.

Источник

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