Меню

упражнения это исчисляемое или неисчисляемое

English2017

Английский для всех простым языком

Список неисчисляемых существительных

Неисчисляемые существительные — это существительные, которые нельзя посчитать.

Мы не можем сказать: раз молоко, две любви, три темноты — это НЕисчисляемые существительные.

В статье приведу список 250 самых распространенных неисчисляемых существительных по алфавиту. Пытаться объединять похожие существительные в группы и причислять их к неисчисляемым — не стоит. Например, слово «лук» — исчисляемое существительное. А «чеснок» — неисчисляемое.Слово «ТВ» television — неисчисляемое, а «радио» исчисляемое и пишется с артиклем.

Так же, совет, когда перед вами стоит вопрос: ставить артикль перед не исчисляемым существительным или нет, опирайтесь на контекст. Вот наглядный пример: слово «снег» — неисчисляемое существительное. Но его вполне можно использовать с артиклем, исходя из контекста. Сравните эти два предложения:

Еще момент, почему слово «комната» входит в список неисчисляемых, ведь комнаты вполне можно посчитать? Здесь тоже самое правило — опирайтесь на контекст.

Что нужно знать про НЕисчисляемые существительные

1. НЕисчисляемые существительные не могут стоять во множественном числе:

2. Никогда не используйте существительные во множественном числе с окончанием — s —

He gave me two adviceS. Неверно.
He gave me two pieces of advice. Правильный вариант.

I bought two milkS and three riceS. Неверно.
I bought two bottles of milk and two boxes of rice. Правильный вариант.

3. Если вы не уверены, какой артикль ставить перед существительным и не знаете: исчисляемое существительное перед вами или неисчисляемое, используйте следующие универсальные слова, которые используются с обоим типом существительных. Это поможет сделать ваше предложение грамматически правильным.

250 распространенных неисчисляемых существительных

Существительное Перевод Пример
access доступ Only a few people have access to this information.
accommodation жилье Does the company provide accommodation for the workers?
adulthood совершеннолетие You’ll have more freedom in adulthood, but more responsibilities too.
advertising реклама A lot of creative people work in advertising.
advice совет If you’re not sure what to do, ask your friends for advice.
aggression агрессия If he needs an outlet for his aggression, he could try boxing.
aid помощь Should rich countries give more aid to poor countries?
air воздух If there’s not enough air in the room, open a window.
alcohol алкоголь Whiskey contains much more alcohol than beer.
anger гнев Why was someone with so much anger allowed to own a gun?
applause аплодисменты After the concert, the applause went on for at least five minutes.
arithmetic арифметика I wanted to work in a bank because I was always good at arithmetic.
art искусство If you want to learn about art, visit the national gallery.
assistance помощь, содействие After calling 911 for assistance, we waited for an ambulance.
athletics легкая атлетика Jenny’s very good at athletics, and she’s even won some medals.
attention внимание The teacher found it difficult to get her students’ attention.
bacon бекон Would you like some bacon with your scrambled eggs?
baggage багаж The customs officer at the airport checked all my baggage.
ballet балет My dad loved ballet, and he even took us to see Swan Lake.
beauty красота Many poets have been inspired by the beauty of nature.
beef говядина I don’t eat beef or pork, but I like fish and seafood.
beer пиво It was a good party, but I think we drank too much beer.
biology биология If you study biology, you’ll learn how amazing life really is.
blood кровь When I studied botany, we often collected plants from forests.
bread хлеб I sliced a loaf of bread and then made some sandwiches.
business бизнес Before going into business, ask your father for some advice.
butter масло Would you like some butter on your toast?
Существительное Перевод Пример
carbon углерод Climate change occurs when there’s too much carbon in the air.
cardboard картон We could get cardboard for our signs by cutting up old boxes.
cash наличные деньги If you need some cash, go to an ATM machine.
chalk мел Don’t forget to take some chalk to your class.
chaos хаос There was chaos after the fire started, with people running in all directions.
cheese сыр Do you want some extra cheese on your pizza?
chess шахматы Do you feel like having a game of chess?
childhood детство For most of my childhood, our family lived in London.
clothing одежда We were poor, but we always had enough food and clothing.
coal уголь My grandmother used to cook on a stove that burned coal.
coffee кофе How many cups of coffee do you drink every day?
commerce коммерция Some historians say commerce began about 10,000 years ago.
compassion сострадание The Buddha taught us to feel compassion for all living things.
comprehension понимание Sayoko’s comprehension of written English is excellent.
content содержание This website’s content is great, and so is the design.
corruption коррупция All this corruption has made many politicians very rich.
cotton хлопок American farmers used African people as slaves to pick cotton.
courage мужество, храбрость The protesters showed so much courage, knowing they could be shot at any moment.
currency валюта How much local currency will I need to get a taxi from the airport?
damage повреждения We couldn’t believe how much damage the storm had caused.
dancing танцы My legs are sore after so much dancing in the club last night.
danger опасность Before the hunter could shoot, the deer sensed the danger and ran off.
data данные How much data can your computer’s hard drive store?
delight восторг We took great delight in watching our kids act in the play.
dessert десерт Would you like some ice cream for dessert?
dignity достоинство He accepted his defeat with dignity, and waved to the crowd.
dirt грязь My brother’s face was covered in dirt and his hair was a mess.
distribution распространение Marketing ebooks is difficult, but distribution is easy.
dust пыль All the furniture in the empty house was covered in dust.
Существительное Перевод Пример
economics экономика One of our daughters wants to study economics at university.
education образование To get on in this world, you need a good education.
electricity электричество Electricity is dangerous, so don’t try to fix the wires yourself.
employment занятость She graduated from university two years ago, but she still hasn’t found full-time employment.
energy энергия Using clean energy like wind and solar power is better than burning coal or oil.
engineering инжиниринг If she likes learning about machines, she should study engineering.
enjoyment наслаждение I never thought I’d get so much enjoyment from reading a book.
entertainment развлечение Television is one of the cheapest forms of entertainment.
envy зависть You should have seen the envy on Harry’s face when he saw his neighbour’s new car.
equipment оборудование My gym costs more than hers, but it’s got much better equipment.
ethics этика If schools taught ethics as a core subject, the world would be a much better place.
evidence доказательство There’s a lot of evidence proving he was there, like fingerprints and DNA.
evolution эволюция Some people still don’t believe in evolution from natural selection, despite all the scientific evidence.
failure неудача Sometimes we learn more from failure than we do from success.
faith вера I have faith in Mark because he always does what he says he’ll do.
fame известность Lots of people dream of fame and fortune, but very few achieve it.
fiction фантастика Alan’s favourite work of fiction is Lord of the Rings.
flour мука If you’re going shopping, could you get some flour?
flu грипп I’ve had the flu all week, and I can’t stop coughing and sneezing.
food еда If you want to live a long and healthy life, eat good food.
freedom свобода If you still don’t have freedom, you should be fighting for it!
fruit фрукты Fruit is delicious, and it’s also really good for you.
fuel топливо The pump stopped working because it’d run out of fuel.
fun веселье Our kids had lots of fun at the beach today.
furniture мебель My wife always wants to buy more furniture.
Читайте также:  упражнения на трицепс с гантелями техника выполнения
Существительное Перевод Пример
garbage мусор Did you remember to take out the garbage?
garlic чеснок People say garlic makes breath smell bad, but I can’t smell it.
gas газ/бензин We didn’t used that much gas last month, did we?
genetics генетика People who breed animals usually know a lot about genetics.
glass стекло Bottles made of glass are better for recycling than plastic ones.
gold золото European invaders stole a lot of gold from South America.
golf гольф Why don’t we have a game of golf on Sunday afternoon?
gossip слухи I can’t believe how much gossip I heard at Doreen’s dinner party.
grammar грамматика We need activities that make learning grammar more interesting.
grass трава The grass in the back yard’s getting too long, so I’d better cut it.
gratitude благодарность Ricardo expressed his gratitude to all those who’d helped him.
grief горе Maria was overcome with grief when her sister died.
ground земля We lay with our backs on the ground and looked at the stars.
guilt вина Do politicians feel any guilt when they start a war to boost their popularity?
gymnastics гимнастика I really enjoyed watching the gymnastics at the Olympics.
hair волосы Harry’s hair was long and blond when he was a teenager, but now it’s short and gray.
happiness счастье They enjoyed many years of happiness together.
hardware оборудование Your hardware is fine, but you need to get some new software.
harm вред Luckily the storm didn’t do any harm to our fruit tress.
hate ненавидеть Their eyes were full of hate as they beat and kicked their victim.
hatred ненависть Why do they feel so much hatred towards gay people?
health здоровье His health improved a lot after he started exercising.
heat жара The heat from the fire kept us warm all night.
height высота My brother and I are around the same height.
help помощь How much help did you get with your homework?
homework домашние уроки I did all my homework myself!
honesty честность Are you speaking with complete honesty about this?
honey мед Would you like some honey on your toast?
hospitality гостеприимство We were amazed by the hospitality of the people in the village.
housework домашняя уборка Does your husband do much of the housework?
humour юмор Even though it was a serious movie, it had moments of humour.
hunger голод By 2 o’clock in the afternoon, I was feeling pangs of hunger.
hydrogen водород Hydrogen and oxygen combine to form water.
Существительное Перевод Пример
ice лед Would you like some ice in your drink?
ice cream мороженое If I eat too much ice cream, I start to put on weight.
importance важность The research shows the importance of regular exercise.
inflation инфляция Inflation has made everything more expensive than before.
information информация Do you think the information on this website is accurate?
injustice несправедливость Nelson Mandela spent most of his life fighting injustice.
innocence невинность Despite their innocence, many good people were sent to jail.
intelligence интеллект Do you think IQ tests really measure intelligence?
iron железо In ancient Rome, knives and spear tips were made of iron.
irony ирония As we stood in the rain, Julie said, with much irony, «Lovely weather, isn’t it?»
jam джем/варенье Can I have some strawberry jam on my toast, please?
jealousy ревность If she even looks at another guy, her boyfriend goes crazy with jealousy.
jelly /Bre/ желе Mum made some red jelly for dessert.
jelly /Amer/ желе Can I have one of your peanut butter and jelly sandwiches?
joy радость When I held our first baby, tears of joy ran down my cheeks.
judo дзюдо Did you know that judo is an Olympic sport now?
juice сок Every morning I have a glass of freshly-squeezed orange juice.
justice справедливость Those boys who were jailed for a crime they didn’t commit are still waiting for justice.
Читайте также:  сколько упражнений на бицепс можно делать за одну тренировку
Существительное Перевод Пример
karate каратэ My brother has a black belt in karate, so don’t bully me!
kindness доброта If you speak and act with kindness, everyone will like you.
knowledge знание We all need the knowledge and skills that an education provides.
labour труд Does this price include the cost of labour?
lack отсутствие The lack of English-speaking workers is a problem.
land земельный участок How much of this land can be used for farming?
laughter смех There’s always a lot of laughter in Maria’s classes.
lava лава Look at all that lava coming down the side of the volcano!
leather кожа If you’re going to ride a motorbike, wear a leather jacket.
leisure досуг Her favourite leisure activities are reading and playing tennis.
lightning молния Did you see all the lightning during the storm last night?
linguistics лингвистика If you study linguistics, you’ll learn all about language and how it works.
literature литература English literature was my favourite subject at school.
litter мусор People who leave their litter behind are lazy and selfish.
livestock домашний скот Are you sure the livestock on this farm is well-treated?
logic логика Can you explain the logic behind your decision?
loneliness одиночество She lives by herself, but she doesn’t suffer from loneliness.
love любовь How many different kinds of love can you think of?
luck удача, везение Kim never seems to have much luck when she gambles.
luggage багаж Can I leave my luggage here while I go to the bathroom?
Существительное Перевод Пример
machinery машинное оборудование We’ll have to buy a lot of new machinery for the factory.
magic магия You don’t really believe in the power of magic, do you?
mail почта Who collects your mail while you’re away?
management управление Without good management, a company won’t last long.
mankind человечество He says mankind’s biggest challenge is global warming.
marble мрамор Is this floor really made of Italian marble?
mathematics математика If you want to be an engineer, you’ll have to study mathematics.
mayonnaise майонез Do you want some mayonnaise on your salad sandwich?
measles корь His body was covered in red spots, so we thought he had measles.
meat мясо Did you buy this meat from our local butcher?
metal металл Bicycle frames are usually made of light-weight metal.
methane метан Is it possible to run a car on methane?
milk молоко How many litres of milk do you drink every day?
money деньги I’m trying to save enough money to buy a car.
mud грязь I fell over and got mud all over my clothes.
music музыка What sort of music do you like?
nature природа The beauty of nature has inspired many artists and poets.
news новости My dad watches the news on TV every night.
nitrogen азот Did you know that you can’t see or smell nitrogen?
nonsense бред You don’t believe all that nonsense about ghosts, do you?
nurture воспитание Parents are responsible for the nurture of their young.
nutrition питание If we eat for nutrition instead of taste, we’ll all be healthier.
Существительное Перевод Пример
obedience послушание Military commanders expect obedience from their troops.
obesity ожирение Diseases caused by obesity kill millions of people every year.
oil нефть, масло Saudi Arabia makes a lot of money from selling oil.
oxygen кислород When you breathe in, your body gets oxygen from the air.
paper бумага How many sheets of paper do you need?
passion страсть People on both sides of the debate spoke with passion.
pasta макароны Spaghetti, ravioli and lasagna are different types of pasta.
patience терпение After waiting an hour to see a doctor, I ran out of patience and left.
permission разрешение You’ll need permission from the boss if you want to leave early.
physics физика These new theories in physics are difficult to understand.
poetry поэзия Have you ever read the poetry of Walt Whitman?
pollution загрязнение Most air pollution comes from cars and factories.
poverty бедность Millions of people are still living in poverty.
power мощность The police have the power to arrest and charge people.
pride гордость We watched with pride as our son was awarded his medal.
production производство Rice production has increased this year.
progress прогресс I hope you’re making progress in your English.
pronunciation произношение Your pronunciation of English is excellent.
psychology психология My sister wants to study psychology.
publicity публичность The royal wedding got a lot of publicity in the media.
punctuation пунктуация Good punctuation will make your writing easier to read.
Существительное Перевод Пример
quality качество Good quality shoes last longer than shoes of poor quality.
quantity количество The police found a large quantity of stolen goods in the house.
quartz кварц Quartz is often used in high-quality watches and clocks.
racism расизм Racism is still a problem in many parts of the world.
rain дождь All the farmers in our village are praying for rain.
recreation отдых Our students want less homework and more time for recreation.
relaxation расслабление Meditation is one of the best techniques for relaxation.
reliability надежность The main selling points for this car are its safety and reliability.
research исследование Before writing his book, he put a lot of time into research.
respect уважение Children in Asia have a lot of respect for their teachers.
revenge жажда мести The kids got together and planned their revenge on the bully.
rice рис How much rice do you think we need to cook for the stir-fry?
room комната Do you think there’s enough room for a piano in here?
rubbish мусор, хлам Put any rubbish in that bin over there.
rum ром Pirates like Blackbeard loved to drink rum.
Читайте также:  вредные привычки и их профилактика посредством физических упражнений
Существительное Перевод Пример
safety безопасность My grandma always worries about safety in airplanes.
salad салат Would you like some salad with your meal?
salt соль Could you pass the salt and pepper, please?
sand песок We went to the beach and built a castle out of sand.
satire сатира A lot of political cartoonists use satire in their work.
scenery вид, пейзаж, декорации The scenery in the mountains was magnificent.
seafood морепродукты My wife loves seafood, especially lobster and prawns.
seaside побережье Every year we spend our vacation at the seaside.
shame позор I’ll never forget the shame I felt when I was caught stealing.
shopping поход по магазинам Can’t you think of anything better to do in your free time than shopping?
silence тишина After a moment of silence, we started talking again.
sleep спячка, сон All animals need periods of sleep, even fish and frogs.
smoke дым We could see the smoke, so we knew there was a fire.
smoking курение Some politicians want to ban smoking in all public places.
snow снег Does it ever snow in Brazil, or is it too hot?
soap мыло There’s a new bar of soap in the cupboard in the bathroom.
software программное обеспечение We used to buy software on discs, but now we download it.
soil почва The soil would be healthier if we added manure and compost to it.
sorrow печаль Can you imagine how much sorrow his mother must have felt?
soup суп There’s a tin of tomato soup in the cupboard if you want it.
speed скорость I wonder what the new Ferrari’s top speed is.
spelling правописание If you read more books, your spelling will improve.
sport спорт Do you think Uncle Bill watches too much sport on TV?
steam пар Trains and ships used to be powered by steam.
strength прочность Lifting that heavy sofa took all my strength.
stuff материал What’s this brown stuff on the bottom of my shoe?
stupidity глупость, тупость We’re all capable of stupidity from time to time.
success успех Success is great, but you can learn a lot from failure too.
sugar сахар How many teaspoons of sugar would you like in your tea?
sunshine солнечный свет We need a few minutes of sunshine every day to stay healthy.
symmetry симметрия The more symmetry there is in a face, the more beautiful it is.
Существительное Перевод Пример
tea чай Would you like a cup of peppermint tea?
tennis теннис My grandma is too old for tennis, but she still plays golf.
thirst жажда No matter how bad your thirst gets, don’t drink sea water!
thunder гром There was a flash of lightning, and then a crack of thunder.
timber бревно The frame is made of timber, but the walls are made of brick.
time время How much time do you spend at your computer every day?
toast тост Would you prefer jam or honey on your toast?
tolerance толерантность Parents and teachers should encourage tolerance among children.
trade сделка How much is our trade with African countries worth?
traffic трафик The traffic on Main Street is always bad in the morning.
transportation транспорт Don’t forget the cost of transportation from the airport.
travel путешествие How much travel will the job require?
trust доверие A company that betrays a customer’s trust won’t last long.
understanding понимание The classes will improve your understanding of grammar.
underwear нижнее белье Don’t forget to take plenty of underwear on the trip.
unemployment безработица Unemployment is a serious problem in many countries.
unity единство College initiation rituals are meant to create unity in the group.
usage применение Internet usage in China has increased a lot this year.
validity период действия The officials checked the validity of everyone’s passport.
veal телятина After petting a young calf, my son said he wouldn’t eat veal any more.
vegetation растительность Elephants can eat many different kinds of vegetation.
vegetarianism вегетарианство My doctor explained all the health benefits of vegetarianism.
vengeance месть These two families have been carrying out acts of vengeance on each other for fifty years.
violence насилие Both families want to end the violence, but they don’t know how to.
vision видение The injury to his eye limited his vision.
vitality жизнеспособность In their performance, all the dancers showed great vitality.
Существительное Перевод Пример
warmth тепло We lay on the sand feeling the warmth of the sun on our bodies.
water вода Is the water here safe to drink?
wealth богатство His only goal in life was to accumulate more and more wealth.
weather погода The weather here is always beautiful in spring.
weight вес If I eat too much, I’ll start putting on weight.
welfare благосостояние A government’s main responsibility is the welfare of its people.
wheat пшеница Every year we export millions of tons of wheat.
whiskey виски How many glasses of whiskey did you drink?
width ширина The pool’s length is 100 metres, and the width is 20 metres.
wildlife живая природа Do you think shooting wildlife should be called a sport?
wine вино Shall we have a bottle of wine with our meal?
wisdom мудрость There was a lot of wisdom in what our grandmother said.
wood древесина Is Jenny’s new dining table made of wood?
wool шерсть How much wool grows on a sheep in one year?
work работа Try to find work doing something you love doing.
yeast дрожжи If you don’t add yeast to the dough, the bread won’t rise.
yoga йога Yoga has been practised in India for thousands of years.
youth молодость Is it better to spend one’s youth travelling or studying?
zinc цинк Zinc is an important trace element, especially for men.
zoology зоология Zoology is one of the most interesting branches of biology.

Источник: https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/nouns-uncountable-list.htm


Источник

Adblock
detector