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the past simple tense упражнения для детей

The Past Simple Tense. Упражнения (уровень beginner)

Продолжаем изучение английского языка на уровне beginner (для начинающих) и в этом уроке вас ждет простое прошедшее время — The Past Simple Tense, которое на самом деле не такое уж и простое. Но вы ведь уже изучили грамматические правила на Past Simple Tense и теперь будете выполнять упражнения на Past Simple.

The Past Simple Tense. Упражнения

ПРИМЕР. I cry … — I cried … , но I stay … — I stayed …

ПРИМЕР. I close … — I closed …

ПРИМЕР. I stop … — I stopped …, но I look … — I looked …

Упражнение 1. Образуйте прошедшую форму данных глаголов и распределите их по трем колонкам в зависимости от окончаний. При этом вспомните правила орфографии.

Walk, wash, hope, stop, cry, watch, cook, play, open, talk, want, clean, work, live, close, end, smile, hurry, visit, count, finish, look, like, kiss, start

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple.

Изучите время The Past Simple Tense в контексте темы «Daily Life (повседневная жизнь)»

What did the family (to do) yesterday?

Mr Smith (to wash) his car yesterday morning. Mrs Smith (to water) plants in the garden. Then they (to clean) the yard and (to play) chess. In the evening their boys (to listen) to the music and (to watch) TV. Their little sister (to play) dolls and then (to cry) a little. In the evening the children (to brush) their teeth and went to bed.

Aunt Nelly (to work) in the kitch­en all day. She (to bake) a delicious apple pie. Then she (to wash) the dishes and (to look) very tired. In the evening she (to relax) and (to talk) on the phone. Her husband (to smoke) a cigarette and (to wait) for her to go for a walk.

Упражнение 3. Образуйте прошедшую форму данных НЕПРАВИЛЬНЫХ глаголов. Проверьте себя по Таблица неправильных глаголов №1 или Таблица неправильных глаголов №2

I. see hear sing run
read stand take bring
cut put write eat

II. drink be teach buy
speak have sleep get
go give know come

Второй способ — запомнить закономерности изменения глаголов. Об этом в статье «Основные неправильные глаголы в английском языке»

Учимся составлять утвердительные предложения в Past Simple

Упражнение 4. Поставьте глаголы из настоящего в прошедшее время. Неправильные глаголы выделены жирным шрифтом. Не забудьте, что их форма меняется полностью.

ПРИМЕР 1 (для правильного глагола) . I play ball. (Я играю в мяч.) — I played ball. (Я играл в мяч.)

ПРИМЕР 2 (для неправильного глагола) . He goes to the park. (Он ходит в парк.) — He went to the park. (Он ходил в парк.)

1. I play dolls. 2. He wants to go home. 3. The driver stops the car. 4. He drinks tea every day. 5. It begins to rain. 6. They like our house. 7. I dream every night. 8. My sister cleans the room. 9. The teacher gives us a dictation. 10. He sits at his desk and writes a letter. 11. Mary comes early. 12. The cat catches the fish in the river. 13. The dog eats its dinner. 14. The boys go for a holiday. 15. Richard knows George. 16. The plane flies very high. 17. He teaches us English. 18. I wash my hands every day. 19. He goes to school. 20. Liz cuts her finger.

Далее приступайте к изучению неправильных глаголов. Выучите глаголы из I группы (T-группа) и выполните упражнения на Past Simple Tense ниже: Английские неправильные глаголы — Группа I (изучить)

The Past Simple Tense. Упражнения (уровень базовый, глаголы T — группа)

Упражнение 5. Напишите вторую форму глаголов.

  1. to leave –
  2. to keep –
  3. to lead –
  4. to meet –
  5. to dream –
  6. to read –
  7. to mean –
  8. to feel –
  9. to feed –
  10. to sleep –
  11. to sweep –

1.sleep well/badly – спать хорошо/плохо

2.sweep the floor – подметать пол

3.keep a dog as a pet – держать собаку (иметь собаку) в качестве домашнего животного

4.keep a secret – хранить секрет

5.mean bad /well – иметь в виду что-то плохое/хорошее

6.leave early/late – уехать рано/поздно

7.feel well/bad – чувствовать себя хорошо/плохо

8.feel sick – чувствовать себя больным

Упражнение 6. Поставьте глаголы из настоящего в прошедшее время. Вспомните перевод выражений, выделенных курсивом.

ПРИМЕР. I feed my dog. (Я кормлю свою собаку.) — I fed my dog. (Я кормил свою собаку.)

1. I always keep secrets. 2. He sleeps well. 3. The driver feels bad and stops the car. 4. He means well. 5. They leave early. 6. I keep a hamster as a pet. 7. My granny feeds my pet. 8. My sister feels sick. 9. The teacher reads us a story. 10. He sweeps the floor and washes it. 11. Mary meets me at the theatre. 12. The duck leads her ducklings to the pond.

Упражнение 7. Составьте утвердительные предложения по образцу, заполнив пропуски.

ОБРАЗЕЦ. We didn’t meet Helen, we met Susan. — Мы не встретили Хелен, мы встретили Сьюзен.

  1. I didn’t sleep well yesterday, I ___ badly.
  2. My mother didn’t sweep the floor, my granny ___ it.
  3. The child didn’t feed a dog, he ___ a cat.
  4. My family didn’t keep a dog, we ____ a cat.
  5. He didn’t mean bad, he ___ well.
  6. My boss didn’t leave early, he ___ late.
  7. I didn’t read a book, I ____ a story.
  8. My sister didn’t feel good, she ____ bad.
  9. Loran didn’t dream about a bag, she ____ about new shoes.
  10. This road didn’t lead to the cinema, it ____ to the theater.
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Упражнение 8. Ответьте на вопросы, используя выражения выше.

  1. How did you sleep last night (прошлой ночью)?
  2. What did you read?
  3. Where did the road lead to?
  4. How did you feel yesterday?
  5. What did you dream about when you were a child?
  6. Who swept the floor last time (последний раз)?
  7. What did you mean?
  8. When did your boss leave the city?
  9. Did the children feed a cat or a dog?
  10. Whom did you meet?
  11. What pet did you keep when you were a child?

Учимся составлять отрицательные предложения в Past Simple

Упражнение 9. Сделайте предложения отрицательными. Для этого используйте отрицательную частицу «не» в прошедшем времени — didn’t.

ОБРАЗЕЦ. I felt bad. I didn’t feel good. — Я чувствовала себя плохо, я не чувствовала себя хорошо.

  1. Yesterday my sister felt sick, she ______ good.
  2. We met Susan yesterday, we _______ Helen.
  3. At the lesson we read an English book, but we _______ a Russian book.
  4. The road led to the theater, it _____ to the museum.
  5. The children slept in the afternoon and they _____ at night.
  6. My boss left in the afternoon, he _____ in the morning.
  7. We kept no secrets, we _____ any secret at all.
  8. Loran dreamt about a new bag, she ____ about new shoes.
  9. The children fed a cat, they _____ a dog.
  10. My granny swept the floor, my mother _____ it.
  11. He meant well, he _______ bad.

Упражнение 10. Вставьте вместо точек глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужном времени.

1. James always … work at 4.30 p.m. Yesterday he … work at 1.00 p.m. (finish — заканчивать)
2. He never … Susan on his way home. Yesterday he … Ann on his way home. (see)
3. He often … dinner at home. Yesterday he … dinner in a restaurant with his friends. (have)
4. She seldom… to bed early. Yesterday she … to bed late, because it… her birthday. (go / be)

Учимся составлять вопросительные предложения в Past Simple

Упражнение 11. Задайте 5 вопросов к предложению по вопросительной СХЕМЕ, при этом не забывая правило «Где DID, нет ED»

Mary saw her teacher in the street after school.

  1. Did_____________________________________________
  2. Whom___________________________________________
  3. Where___________________________________________
  4. When____________________________________________
  5. Who ____________________________________________

Упражнение 12. Образуйте от глаголов, данных в скобках, прошедшее время.

Last weekend we (go) to Edinburgh (Эдинбург, столица Шотландии) by train from London. We (stay) at a hotel. It (be) cold and windy when we (arrive) in Scotland, but the hotel (be) warm and comfortable. On Sunday morning we (get up) at 8 o’clock and (have) a good breakfast. We (walk) around the city and (look) at the lovely shops. We (visit) the Edinburgh castle in the afternoon and (enjoy) sitting in the gardens. We (not/go out) in the evening, we (stay) in the hotel and (talk) to some people from America.

1.go by train – ехать на поезде

2.stay at a hotel – остановиться в отеле

3.get up at 8 o’clock — встать в 8 часов

4.have breakfast — позавтракать

5.walk around the city – гулять по городу

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6.go out – выходить куда-нибудь (поесть, развлечься)

Упражнение 13. Используя текст из предыдущего упражнения и слова go — ехать, stay — останавливаться; get up — вставать, meet — встречать. Составьте 7 вопросов к тексту.

1. … last week? To Edinburgh.
2. …? By train.
3. …? In a hotel.
4. … on Saturday morning? At 8 o’clock.
5. … in the afternoon? To the castle.
6. … in the evening? Some American guests.

Упражнение 14. Составьте вопросы из данных слов. Ответьте на них. Помните о порядке слов в предложении.

1. in the morning/you/when/get/up/did?
2. for dinner/last night/have/what/you/did?
3. did/by train/last time / you/when/travel?
4. do/what/last Sunday/you/did?
5. did/last summer/go/where/you?
6. visit/you/an art gallery/last time/did/when?
7. go/you/how/to work/did/on Monday?

Упражнение 15. Составьте предложения, используя слова ниже и глаголы: be, go.

  1. yesterday my sister the park
  2. last week my brother the disco
  3. in summer my friends the museum
  4. two days ago my parents the country
  5. last year Jack and Jill the USA
  6. in 1995 I in the country
  7. in September we at the seaside

Упражнение 16. Используя материал таблицы, составьте вопросы об отдыхе Джима и Алисы. Ответьте на них.

Упражнение 17. Разделите данные глаголы на две группы (правильные и неправильные):

begin make start write leave lose buy do see visit take

enjoy have travel drive speak come stay paint meet

ОТВЕТЫ

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Past simple exercises: упражнения с ответами на отработку простого прошедшего времени

Список заданий:

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя правильные глаголы в Past simple

  1. I (to work) in a bank many years ago
  2. He (to live) in Moscow five years ago
  3. I (to like) flowers before it happened
  4. Tom (to play) the piano yesterday evening
  5. I (to love) you many years ago
  6. Kristina and Mike (to study) English together last winter
  7. You (to enjoy) your last holidays
  8. The concert (to finish) at 7 o’clock
  9. He (to plan) to go to the party yesterday
  10. Ann (to die) when she was 87 years old

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя неправильные глаголы в Past indefinite

  1. Anna (to have) a shower this morning
  2. They (to go) at work by bus last morning
  3. Cats (to drink) milk yesterday
  4. She (to get up) early this morning
  5. You (to sleep) on a sofa last night
  6. He (to swim) in a pool last week
  7. We (to sing) a song on the party last night
  8. I (to forget) to call her yesterday
  9. She (to drive) a car last month
  10. You (to lose) keys yesterday evening

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в прошедшем неопределенном времени

  1. I (to read) a newspaper this morning
  2. We (to visit) her parents last month
  3. I (to want) to read this book last year
  4. They (to watch) TV this night
  5. She (to see) him last year
  6. They (to run) this morning
  7. Marina (to stay) at home yesterday evening
  8. He (to pay) by credit card yesterday
  9. It (to happen) last summer
  10. I (to win) last night

Упражнение 4. Вставьте глагол to be в простом прошедшем времени

  1. I ___ happy last night
  2. I ___ a student many years ago
  3. They ___ taxi drivers two years ago
  4. They ___ married last years
  5. My favorite color ___ red five years ago
  6. I ___ angry yesterday
  7. It ___ my car last week
  8. This car ___ dirty day before yesterday
  9. These cars ___ clear day before yesterday
  10. He ___ your friend many years ago

Упражнение 5. Составьте предложения, используя Past indefinite

  1. football / play / he / yesterday
  2. Irina / nice clothes / day before yesterday / wear
  3. my / pen / to be / it
  4. have / we / breakfast / at 7 o’clock
  5. this morning / I / drink / coffee
  6. see / we / a spider / yesterday
  7. she / eat / apples / this morning
  8. London / they / in / to be / last year
  9. my sister / him / call / yesterday
  10. a doctor / to be / two years ago / my mother

Упражнение 6. Переведите предложения, используя Past simple tense

  1. Я был учителем 5 лет назад
  2. Ирина играла на гитаре вчера
  3. Она жила в Париже, 2 года назад
  4. Мой отец не читал газету сегодня утром
  5. Анна соврала мне вчера
  6. Я был счастлив этой ночью
  7. Она любила эту машину
  8. Я гуляла в парке вчера
  9. Их не было здесь в прошлый понедельник
  10. На прошлой неделе была хорошая погода

Упражнение 7. Составьте вопрос и отрицание к предложению

  1. I was tired
  2. Kris spoke English
  3. His sister was a model
  4. I liked my phone
  5. Masha read magazine
  6. They were students
  7. This shop opened at 9 o’clock
  8. She was pretty
  9. Tom lied
  10. Marina wore skirts
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Упражнение 8. Составьте специальный вопрос к предложению

  1. I lived in London (Where)
  2. Kris spoke English (What language)
  3. His sister was a model (Who)
  4. I liked my phone (What)
  5. Masha read magazine this morning (When)
  6. This car was black (What color)
  7. This shop opened at 9 o’clock (What time)
  8. She was pretty (who)
  9. Tom lied yesterday (When)
  10. Marina wore skirts (what)

Упражнение 9. Вставьте глаголы из списка в предложения в нужной форме

play, use, get up, know, to be, to be, have, read, to be, watch

  1. They ___ dinner at 8 o’clock
  2. It ___ my car two years ago
  3. They ___ early this morning
  4. Anna ___ the piano yesterday
  5. They ___ solders last year
  6. It ___ a clear car yesterday
  7. He ___ TV last evening
  8. I ___ much about games many years ago
  9. Larisa didn’t ___ books last week
  10. She didn’t ___ laptop last month

Упражнение 10. Допишите окончание глаголу используя Past simple tense

Упражнение 11. Дайте краткий положительный и отрицательный ответы на заданный вопрос

  1. Did you know Mark?
  2. Did he like fast cars?
  3. Was Natali beautiful?
  4. Did they live in Moscow?
  5. Did he play football?
  6. Did Peter drink tea?
  7. Were you a manager?
  8. Were they students?
  9. Did Anna love me?
  10. Did they read books?

Упражнение 12. Вставьте did или didn’t

  1. ___ he work in a shop?
  2. I ____ lie
  3. She ___ watch TV
  4. ___ you like bananas?
  5. They ___ know Sara
  6. Where ___ he live?
  7. What ___ they like?
  8. Katrine ___ love Alex
  9. ___ he eat meat?
  10. She ___ wear skirts

Упражнение 13. Напишите правильный глагол во второй форме

Упражнение 14. Напишите неправильный глагол во второй форме

Упражнение 15. Определите в каких из предложений используется время Past simple

  1. I worked
  2. He didn’t read
  3. Do you know?
  4. What are you doing?
  5. Yes, he did
  6. Is he a student?
  7. He tried
  8. She was pretty
  9. It is my car
  10. It is raining

Ответы

Упражнение 1

  1. worked
  2. lived
  3. liked
  4. played
  5. loved
  6. studied
  7. enjoyed
  8. finished
  9. planned
  10. died

Упражнение 2

Упражнение 3

Упражнение 4

Упражнение 5

  1. He played football yesterday
  2. Irina wore nice clothes day before yesterday
  3. it was my pen
  4. We had breakfast at 7 o’clock
  5. I drank coffee this morning
  6. We saw a spider yesterday
  7. She ate apples this morning
  8. They were in London last year
  9. My sister called him yesterday
  10. My mother was a doctor two years ago

Упражнение 6

  1. I was a teacher five years ago
  2. Irina played the guitar yesterday
  3. She lived in Paris two years ago
  4. My father didn’t read a newspaper this morning
  5. Anna lied me yesterday
  6. I was happy this night
  7. She loved this car
  8. I walked in a park yesterday
  9. They weren’t here last Monday
  10. The weather was good last week

Упражнение 7

  1. I was not tired. Was I tired?
  2. Kris didn’t speak English. Did Kris speak English?
  3. His sister wasn’t a model. Was his sister a model?
  4. I didn’t like my phone. Did I like my phone?
  5. Masha didn’t read magazine. Did Masha read magazine?
  6. They weren’t students. Were they students?
  7. This shop didn’t open at 9 o’clock. Did this shop open at 9 o’clock?
  8. She wasn’t pretty. Was she pretty?
  9. Tom didn’t lie. Did Tom lie?
  10. Marina didn’t wear skirts. Did Marina wear skirts?

Упражнение 8

  1. Where did I live?
  2. What language did Kris speak?
  3. Who was a model?
  4. What did I like?
  5. When did Masha read magazine?
  6. What color was this car?
  7. What time did this shop open?
  8. Who was pretty?
  9. When did Tom lie?
  10. What did Marina wear?

Упражнение 9

Упражнение 10

  1. Played
  2. Lied
  3. Used
  4. Watched
  5. Walked
  6. Enjoyed
  7. Stopped
  8. Planned
  9. Danced
  10. Tried

Упражнение 11

  1. Yes, I did. No, I didn’t
  2. Yes, he did. No, he didn’t
  3. Yes, she was. No she wasn’t
  4. Yes, they did. No, they didn’t
  5. Yes, he did. No, he didn’t
  6. Yes, he did. No, he didn’t
  7. Yes, I was. No, I was not
  8. Yes, they were. No, they weren’t
  9. Yes, she did. No, she didn’t
  10. Yes, they did. No, they didn’t

Упражнение 12

Упражнение 13

  1. Wanted
  2. Watched
  3. Finished
  4. Copied
  5. Loved
  6. Liked
  7. Studied
  8. Died
  9. Finished
  10. Happened

Упражнение 14

Упражнение 15

Если тест оказался через чур сложным, то прочтите:

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