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the active voice and passive voice упражнения с ответами

Passive Voice. Упражнения для начинающих (уровень 1)

Друзья! Мы изучили, как построить предложения в простых временах в Passive Voice. Упражнения помогут вам отработать эту непростую тему на практике. Упражнения даны по мере возрастания сложности.

Для начала проверьте себя и переведите на английский язык предложение.

Passive Voice. Упражнения для начинающих

Упражнение 1. Переведите на русский язык.

  1. Breakfast was cooked by our mother.
  2. The new rule was explained to us at the English lesson.
  3. The story was written by Chekhov.
  4. Yesterday the sports centre was visited by lots of people.
  5. This sports game is often played at P.E. lessons.
  6. The ball was thrown over the fence.
  7. The boxer was knocked down.
  8. I was born in Moscow.
  9. They will be trained by a famous coach.
  10. I will be sent to the competition tomorrow.

Упражнение 2. Выберите правильный вариант и переведите на русский язык.

  1. The news programme ( is watched / watched ) by millions of people every day.
  2. The Mona Liza ( painted / was painted ) by Leonardo da Vinchi.
  3. The new cinema ( be built / will be built ) next year.
  4. New pop groups ( are much spoken / is much spoken ) about among teenagers.
  5. Alexander Pushkin’s first poem ( was written / written ) when he was fourteen.
  6. The letters (be sent / will be sent ) by post tomorrow.
  7. The translation (was finished / were finished ) two hours ago.
  8. London ( visited / is visited ) by hundreds of tourists every year.
  9. The dinner ( be / will be ) ready in an hour (через час).
  10. The dogs (were taken out/ was taken out) three times yesterday.

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

  1. Tom always (to ask) at the lessons.
  2. I (to ask) at the last lesson.
  3. Our country house (to finish) next year.
  4. The dog (to find) by my sister yesterday.
  5. This work (to do) tomorrow.
  6. This text (to translate) at the last lesson.
  7. These trees (to plant) every autumn.
  8. Many interesting games always (to play) at our P.E. lessons.
  9. This bone (to give) to my dog tomorrow.
  10. We (to invite) to a concert last Saturday.

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

1. My question (to answer) yesterday. 2. Hockey (to play) in winter. 3. Mushrooms (to gather) in autumn. 4. Many houses (to burn) during the war. 5. His new book (to finish) next year. 6. Flowers (to sell) in shops and in the streets. 7. St. Petersburg (to found) in 1703.8. Bread (to eat) every day. 9. The letter (to receive) yesterday. 10. Nick (to send) to Moscow next week. 11. I (to give) a very interesting book at the library last Friday. 12. Many houses (to build) in our town every year.

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, выбирая требующуюся форму глагола.

1. At the station they will (meet, be met) by a man from the travel agency. 2. She will (meet, be met) them in the hall upstairs. 3. The porter will (bring, be brought) your luggage to your room. 4. Your luggage will (bring, be brought) up in the lift. 5. You may (leave, be left) your hat and coat in the cloakroom downstairs. 6. They can (leave, be left) the key with the clerk downstairs. 7. From the station they will (take, be taken) straight to the hotel. 8. Tomorrow he will (take, be taken) them to the Russian Museum.

Упражнение 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Present Perfect, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Future Simple. Используйте Активный и Пассивный залог.

  1. The house ____________(to build) in 2025.
  2. The boy _________ (not to hear) the news yet.
  3. The Brooks ___________(to become) famous last year.
  4. Money _____________(to keep) in the bank.
  5. The parcel __________(to send) yesterday.
  6. I would like ________________(to know) English very well.
  7. Where _________the road _______(to lead) to?
  8. Look! The leaves _______________(to fall).
  9. All the money ___________(to spend) on clothes last week.
  10. Where is the pie? Who _________(to eat) it?

Упражнение 7. Переведите на английский язык

  1. Детей наказывают…. — Детей наказали… — Детей накажут…. (punish)
  2. Хлеб едят… — Хлеб съели… — Хлеб съедят…
  3. Розы выращивают… — Розы вырастили… — Розы вырастят… (grow)
  4. Картину рисуют… — Картину нарисовали… — Картину нарисуют… (paint)
  5. Обо мне говорят. — Обо мне говорили. — Обо мне будут говорить. (talk about)
  6. О нас забывают — О нас забыли…. — О нас забудут… (forget)

ПРИМЕР. За доктором послали. — The doctor was sent for.

Упражнение 8. Переделайте предложения из активного залога в пассивный.

ОБРАЗЕЦ. We learn English. — English is learnt (by us).

  1. The teacher sent Peter home.-
  2. They told me about the accident. —
  3. We will find our pets. —
  4. Next year we will learn French. —
  5. The teacher asked her a question. —
  6. I take my dog out every day. —
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Упражнение 9. (из пособия «Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. Ю. Голицынский)
Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Active или Present Simple Passive.

  • хвалить — praise
  • рассказывать — tell

1. Я всегда хвалю моих друзей. 2. Меня всегда хвалят дома. 3. Каждую субботу папа показывает дедушке мои оценки. 4. Каждую субботу папе показывают мои оценки. 5. Мы часто вспоминаем вас. 6. Нас часто вспоминают в деревне. 7. Мне дают сок каждое утро. 8. Каждое утро я даю кошке молоко. 9. Он каждый день рассказывает нам что-нибудь интересное. 10. Ему каждый день рассказывают что-нибудь интересное.

Упражнение 10. (из пособия «Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. Ю. Голицынский)
Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple Active или Present Simple Passive.

1. Я часто посылаю письма друзьям. 2. Меня часто приглашают в кино. 3. Моей сестре всегда помогают в школе. 4. Я иногда забываю взять проездную карточку. 5. Он пишет много писем. 6. Собаки любят кости. 7. Собак любят много людей. 8. Когда в вашей семье пьют чай? 9. Почему эти правила всегда забывают? 10. Почему вы всегда забываете эти правила? 12. Где живут ваши друзья? 13. Где покупают хлеб? 14. Когда задают вопросы?

Упражнение 11. (из пособия «Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. Ю. Голицынский)
Переделайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice. Начните с выделенного слова.

ОБРАЗЕЦ. Mother waters the flowers in the evening. — The flowers are watered in the evening (by Mother).

1. Irene’s husband brought her some beautiful shells from the south. 2. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview. 3. Mr. Wilson will teach you English. 4. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday. 5. Our mother tells us stories every evening. 6. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures. 7. A boy showed her the way. 8. They will send us a box of fruit. 9. Five or six small children followed them. 10. We will do the translation in the evening.

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Упражнения «Пассивный (страдательный) залог» (с ответами)

1. Употребите правильную форму глагола в пассивном залоге.

  1. The roads (cover) with the snow. – Дороги покрыты снегом.
  2. Chocolate (make) from cocoa. – Шоколад изготавливается из какао.
  3. The Pyramids (build) in Egypt. – Пирамиды были построены в Египте.
  4. This coat (buy) four years ago. – Это пальто было куплено 4 года назад.
  5. The stadium (open) next month. – Стадион будет открыт в следующем месяце.
  6. Your parents (invite) to a meeting. – Твои родители будут приглашены на собрание.
  7. Where is your car? – It (mend) at the moment. – Где твоя машина? – В данный момент она ремонтируется.
  8. The books already (pack). – Книги уже упакованы.
  9. The castle can (see) from a long distance. – Замок можно увидеть издалека.
  10. The guests must (meet) at noon. — Гости должны быть встречены в полдень.

2. Измените предложения по образцу:

Н-р: Shakespeare wrote “Romeo and Juliet”. (Шекспир написал «Ромео и Джульетту».) – “Romeo and Juliet” was written by Shakespeare. («Ромео и Джульетта» была написана Шекспиром.)

  1. Popov invented radio in Russia. (Попов изобрел радио в России.)
  2. Every four years people elect a new president in the USA. ( Каждые 4 года народ выбирает нового президента в США.)
  3. The police caught a bank robber last night. (Полиция поймала грабителя банка прошлой ночью.)
  4. Sorry, we don’t allow dogs in our safari park. (Извините, но мы не допускаем собак в наш сафари парк.)
  5. The postman will leave my letter by the door. (Почтальон оставит мое письмо у двери.)
  6. My mum has made a delicious cherry pie for dinner. (Мама приготовила вкусный вишневый пирог на ужин.)
  7. George didn’t repair my clock. (Джордж не отремонтировал мои часы.)
  8. Wait a little, my neighbor is telling an interesting story. (Подожди немного, мой сосед рассказывает интересную историю.)
  9. My son can write some more articles about football. (Мой сын может написать еще немного статей о футболе.)
  10. You must clean your bedroom tonight. (Ты должен убраться в своей спальне сегодня вечером.)

3. Превратите предложения в отрицательные и переведите.

  1. Ann was bitten by a homeless dog.
  2. The zoo is being reconstructed at the moment.
  3. The luggage must be checked at the customs.
  4. Souvenirs are sold everywhere.
  5. The job will be finished at 3 o’clock.

4. Дайте полные ответы на следующие вопросы.

  1. Are the Olympic Games held every 10 years? (Олимпийские игры проводятся каждые 10 лет?)
  2. Is bread made from flour or potatoes? (Хлеб готовят из муки или картофеля?)
  3. Was the Eifel Tower built in Moscow? (Эйфелева башня была построена в Москве?)
  4. Will the final exams be taken in summer or in winter? (Выпускные экзамены будут сдаваться летом или зимой?)
  5. When is Christmas celebrated in Europe? (Когда празднуется Рождество в Европе?)
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Также разобрать это упражнение индивидуально можно с репетиторами английского языка по скайпу. Уроки можно проводить в любое время.

Ответы:

  1. The roads are covered with the snow.
  2. Chocolate is made from cocoa.
  3. The Pyramids were built in Egypt.
  4. This coat was bought four years ago.
  5. The stadium will be opened next month.
  6. Your parents will be invited to a meeting.
  7. Where is your car? – It is being mended at the moment.
  8. The books have already been packed .
  9. The castle can be seen from a long distance.
  10. The guests must be met at noon.
  1. Radio was invented by Popov in Russia. (Радио было изобретено Поповым в России.)
  2. A new president is elected every four years in the USA. (Новый президент избирается каждые 4 года в США.)
  3. A bank robber was caught by the police last night. (Банковский грабитель был пойман полицией прошлой ночью.)
  4. Sorry, dogs are not allowed in our safari park. (Извините, но собаки не допускаются в наш сафари парк.)
  5. My letter will be left by the postman by the door. (Мое письмо будет оставлено почтальоном у двери.)
  6. A delicious cherry pie has been made by my mum for dinner. (Вкусный вишневый пирог приготовлен мамой к ужину.)
  7. My clock wasn’t repaired by George. (Мои часы не были отремонтированы Джорджем.)
  8. Wait a little, an interesting story is being told by my neighbor. (Подожди немного, интересную историю рассказывает мой сосед.)
  9. Some more articles about football can be written by my son. (Еще немного статей о футболе может быть написано моим сыном.)
  10. Your bedroom must be cleaned tonight. (Твоя спальня должна быть убрана сегодня вечером.)
  1. Ann wasn’t bitten by a homeless dog. – Аня не была покусана бездомной собакой.
  2. The zoo isn’t being reconstructed at the moment. – Зоопарк не реконструируется в данный момент.
  3. The luggage must not be checked at the customs. – Багаж не должен быть проверен на таможне.
  4. Souvenirs aren’t sold everywhere. – Сувениры не продаются повсюду.
  5. The job will not be finished at 3 o’clock. – Работа не будет закончена в 3 часа.
  1. No, they are not. The Olympic Games are held every four years.
  2. Bread is made from flour.
  3. No, it wasn’t. The Eifel Tower was built in Paris.
  4. The final exams will be taken in summer.
  5. Christmas is celebrated on the 25 th of December in Europe.

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Present Simple Passive. Exercises. Упражнения на страдательный залог

Упражнения на тему Present Simple Passive предлагаются с ответами (with answers) и идут от простых к более сложным. На сайте планируется большое количество упражнений на тему Passive Voice с ответами. Смотрите полезные ссылки внизу страницы.

Easy exercises on Present Simple Passive.

Упражнение 1 . Fill in the verb is or are.

  1. Grammar rules . always learnt by heart.
  2. Rare animals . protected in many countries.
  3. This scarf . made by my granny.
  4. Animals in the reserve . fed two times a day.
  5. The same shirts . worn by all the members of our team.
  6. New Belarussian books . shown in our library
  7. Many Belarussian towns . described in this book.
  8. Dinner . always cooked by my mother.
  9. This place . crowded on Sunday.
  10. Our village . surrounded with a forest.

Упражнение 2. Write true sentences in Passive Voice. Use the words in table.

sent via satellite.

sold in music shops.

used to access the Internet.

invited to the concert

brought in the morning

cooked by my mother

painted by my friend

given text-books at school

written in English

not allowed to ride a motor-bike.

grown in many countries.

Упражнение 3 . Choose the correct form of the verb in brackets to complete the sentences.

  1. I . (like / am liked) this place.
  2. What books by Charles Dickens . (translated / are translated) into Belarussian?
  3. Who . (protects / is protected) animals?
  4. This city . (is visited / visited) by many people.
  5. Who . (gives / is given) bad marks in your class?
  6. Our house . (made /is made) of wood.
  7. Our holiday . (is begun / begins) next week.
  8. Pupils . (are given / give) textbooks by the teacher.
  9. The holiday . (celebrated / is celebrated) every year.

Exercises on Present Simple Passive.

Level : Pre-Intermediate.

Упражнение 4 . Fill in the gaps using the Present Simple Passive Voice form of the verb in brackets.

Mushroom and Ham Salad

First, 5 mushrooms … (1 – cut) into small pieces and …(2 — mix) with two cut spring onions. Then, 100 g cooked ham …(3— cut) into fine cubes. Now, mushrooms, onions and ham … (4 — mix) in a bowl. Finally, 2 tablespoons of lemon juice … (5 — mix) with 1 tablespoon of soy sauce and the mixture… (6 — add) to the salad mixture. Enjoy your salad!

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The news reporter and a camera operator _______ (1 – send) to investigate a news story. People_____ (2 – interview) by a reporter and the interviews ______ (3 – film) by a camera operator. The film ____ (4 – take) back to the TV studio, and the best parts of the film _______ (5 – choose) by the news editor. Finally, the news report ______ (6 – send) to televisions in people’s homes and the news _____ (7 – watch) by people all over the country.

My motherland is the Republic of Belarus. My country (1 – situate) in the centre of Europe. It (2 – make up) of six regions: Brest, Vitebsk, Gomel, Grodno, Minsk and Mogilev. Belarus (3 – not wash) by any seas or oceans, so it (4 – not separate) from other countries by seas and oceans. Belarus (5 – border) by five countries.

Belarus is mostly flat (плоская). Some uplands can (6 – find) near Minsk and in some districts of Mogilev and Grodno regions. Most of Belarus (7 – cover) by forests. It is a beautiful country with a lot of lakes.

Упражнение 5. Put the passive sentences in order.

  1. in a lot of schools / are / used / Computers
  2. of plastic / made / are / CDs
  3. seen / The information / on a screen/can be
  4. are / very quickly / The answers / calculated
  5. played / The game / is / on a computer
  6. with a modem / are / sent / E-mails
  7. is / on a disk / Information / stored
  8. sent / Text messages / are / using mobile phones
  9. to get information / used / is / The Internet

Упражнение 6. Respond to the situations with a negative sentence using the words and word combinations in brackets.

Cars are made at this factory, (bicycles)

— But bicycles are not made at this factory.

  1. Bread is sold in this shop, (milk)
  2. Our house is built of wood, (their house)
  3. My books are kept on the shelf. exercise-books )
  4. My younger sister is usually given fruit and milk for supper, (my elder brother)
  5. Apples are grown in Belarus, (oranges)
  6. Glass is made of sand, (paper)
  7. My dresses are made by my mother, (jackets)
  8. Films are watched by many people, (sports programmes)
  9. This apple-tree is planted by me. (that cherry-tree)
  10. All the words are always learnt by the pupils. (rules)

Упражнение 7. Answer the questions in Simple Present Passive.

Is football played in the yard?

— Yes, it is. It’s sometimes played in the yard.

— No, it isn’t. It’s usually played in the field.

Is it played by boys or by girls?

— It’s played by boys as a rule.

  1. Are you always given good marks?
  2. Is your friend also given good marks?
  3. Is your homework always done in time?
  4. Are you often given money by your parents?
  5. Is chess played by two or three people?
  6. Are you often punished at home?
  7. Are trees planted in summer or in autumn?
  8. Are you shown pictures at your English lessons?
  9. Are your exercise-books collected at the beginning or at the end of the lesson?

Упражнение 8. Ask for more information about the sentences using the words in brackets.

The children are left after the lessons.(why,how often)

— Why are the children left after the lessons?

—How often are the children left after the lessons?

  1. The game is won by our school team, (what game)
  2. The map is brought from England, (when)
  3. My books are not kept on the shelf, (why)
  4. School meetings are held every month, (where)
  5. The glass is filled with something, (what)
  6. Hockey is usually played by boys, (when)
  7. Oranges are not grown in Belarus, (why)
  8. The dinner is not yet served, (why)
  9. New rules are explained at the lesson, (by whom)

Exercises on Present Simple Passive. Level – Intermediate.

Упражнение 9. Answer the questions using the words in brackets.

  1. Do many tourists come to Britain? (is visited )
  2. Where is the ‘garden of England? (is situated)
  3. Does it snow in the mountains of Wales? (are covered with)
  4. What language do people in Scotland speak? (is spoken)
  5. Are there many seas around the country? (is surrounded by / is washed by)
  6. Do they make world-famous crafts and clothes in Scotland? (are made)
  7. Do many people know about the beautiful mountains and lakes of Wales? (are known all over the world)
  8. Why is the green colour a symbol of Northern Ireland? (is covered)

Упражнение 10. Make up questions in Simple Present Passive.

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