Sports. Тексты на английском языке про спорт
Тексты на английском языке с заданиями по теме «Sports» для разных уровней. Тексты содержат познавательную информацию и будут интересны изучающим английский язык на среднем уровне в рамках изучения темы «Спорт». Перед тем как читать тексты, рекомендуется изучить Список английских слов по теме «Sports» №2 (intermediate) . Эти тексты отличаются от сложных и скучных текстов в учебниках английского языка, так как специально отобраны и отредактированы. Занимайтесь английским с удовольствием!
Sports. Тексты на английском языке про спорт
Тексты на английском языке по теме «Sports» расскажут вам об истории происхождения таких популярных видов спорта, как серфинг, бокс и баскетбол, а также об истории возникновения Олимпийских и паралимпийских игр. Эти познавательные тексты помогут вам не только расширить свой словарный запас и улучшить свой английский язык, но и узнать много интересного.
Text №1 «Skateboarding» (pre-intermediate)
Задание. Read the text. Complete the passages using the words: board, becomes, practice, sport, foot,sometimes, body, balance, feet
Skateboarding has become a very popular 1. ______ . All a person needs to enjoy this sport is a skateboard, good 2._______ , and some 3. ________ . It is a good idea to use safety helmets and kneepads because even the best skateboarders fall 4._________. To begin skateboarding, put one foot on the skateboard and push forward with the other 5. ____. When you get moving fast enough put both 6._______on the 7. ____________. You keep your balance by moving your arms and 8._________. The more you practice the easier it 9.___________.
Text №2 «Surfing» (pre-intermediate)
Что вы знаете о серфинге? Кажется, что этот вид спорта только недавно завоевал популярность, однако произошло это в 1960. Кстати, первыми сёрфингистами были … аборигены. Перед тем, как читать текст про сёрфинг, пройдите опрос.
What do you know about surfing? (вводный опрос)
- practice — практиковать
- report — сообщать
- introduction — внедрение
- fiberglass — стекловолокно
- Maui — остров Мауи, второй по величине остров в архипелаге Гавайских островов (США)
- Oahu — остров Оаху (Гавайи; США)
- experience — испытывать
Surfing is popular all over the world. It is practiced on lakes and rivers, seas and oceans — anywhere with good wind.
Some people think that it is a new kind of sport. But it is not. It was first reported by the British explorer Captain Cook in 1778. It became popular with the introduction of mass-produced, lightweight (легкий) boards made of fiberglass in the 1960s.
The birthplace of surfing is Hawaii and today it’s home of the most famous surfing competition. Huge waves crash along mile after mile of beautiful sand, and every surfer dreams of experiencing surfing in Maui or Oahu.
The best time for surfing is when the waves are high. Serious surfers must be brave, love adventures and have lots of energy. Once they’ve experienced the excitement of a ride on the top of the waves, they never want to stop.
It takes time to learn to catch a wave at the right moment, stand up on your board and stay there. But during a hot summer day, who minds learning?
Text №3 «The Paralympics»
The Paralympics is for people with a physical disability. They were first held in Rome in 1960 and sibce that time there have been 9 Paralympics. The athletes take part in 19 different sports. They play tennis and snookers. They do judo and ride a bike. Some athletes do weight lifting and some go swimming. A lot of athletes go running and jumping. Athletics is very popular. Playing table tennis is also very popular among disabled athletes.
Text №4 «Swimming» (intermediate)
Задание. Read the text. Complete the passages using the words: racing, until, goggles, almost, as long as, safety, splash, besides, ear plugs, prevent
Most Americans can swim, and 1_______ everyone likes at least to 2 _________ around in the waves on a hot day at the beach. Knowing how to swim is important for 3 _________but when you do it seriously, swimming is also one of the best exercises for your body.
4___________ water and swimsuit you don’t need much.
5___________keep irritating chlorinated water out of your eyes and let you watch where you’re going, A swimming cap makes you more streamlined for 6__________ and keeps your hair out of your face.
7 __________keep the water out and 8__________ear infections.
To get in shape, start by swimming twenty minutes three times a week. Add ten minutes 9 __________ you’re swimming for an hour each time. Vary your strokes to work different muscles. It’s okay to take short breaks, 10 ____________your heart rate stays up.
Text №5 «Boxing» (intermediate)
- go back — зародиться
- rub — натирать
- were bound with — обвязаны
- maim for life — остаться калекой
- concede defeat — признать поражение
- introduce — ввести в практику
- space roped off — пространство, отгороженное канатом
Boxing is an old sport, going back to the days of ancient Greece, where it was an important part of the Olympic Games. The Olympics were held during the hottest part of the summer, and the boxers were rubbed with oil to limit perspiration. Their hands were bound with heavy leather strips often loaded with lead or iron. So fighters were frequently maimed for life. There were no rounds and no time limits — the men fought until one of them conceded defeat.
The sport passed from Greece to Rome, but after the fall of Rome it was unknown in Europe until the 18th century, when James Figg introduced gloveless fighting in England, and opened a boxing school in London. He built an amphitheatre with a square space roped off for the fighters. Figg didn’t believe in rest periods, and a fight continued without stop until one man had obviously won.
Text №6 «Basketball» (intermediate)
- origin — происхождение
- hang — вешать
- purpose — цель
- attempt— попытка
- prevent from — помешать
Basket-ball is perhaps the only sport whose origin we can speak of without fear of a mistake.
During the winter of 1891— 1892, James Naesmith, a college instructor in Springfield, Massachusetts, invented the game of basket-ball. He wanted his students to have physical exercise between the time when the football season closed and the baseball season opened. He hung fruit baskets on the walls at opposite ends of the gymnasium and organized nine-men teams to play his new game. The purpose of the game was to throw the ball into one basket and to attempt to prevent the opposing team from throwing the ball into the other basket.
There have since been many changes in the rules (for example, the number of players is now reduced to five), but the game is basically the same today as it was more than eighty years ago.
Text №7 «The Olympic Games» (intermediate)
- interlinked — связанных
- chariot racing — гонки на колесницах
- were resumed — были возобновлены
The world’s greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic games. The Olympic games proves that real peace can be achieved through sport. The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue, yellow, black, green and red. Any national flag contains at least one of these colours.
The Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. These games were part of festival held every fourth year in honor of the God Zeus at the place called Mount Olympus.
It was great athletic festival, including competitions in wrestling, foot racing, and chariot racing, rowing and others. The games were for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but also to attend the Olympics.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the Olympics are held every fourth year in different countries.
The ancient Greeks had no winter sports. Only in 1924 the first Winter Olympic games were held in France. Now they are held regularly.
Text №8 «From the History of Sport»
Britain doesn’t often produce sportsmen or sportswomen who are successful in world championship, but it has been good at inventing sports and writing the rules of games.
Golf was first played in Scotland in the 15 th century and the most famous golf club, Saint Andrew in Scotland, is still the most respected authority on golf in the world.
Cricket was first played in England in the 16 th century and its rules were written in the 18 th century. It is a popular summer sport in England, but it is not played in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Football (soccer) has been played in one form or another for hundreds of years. First it was a very rude and hard game. There were no rules. But since 1863 it has been played with proper rules. That year the Football Association (FA) was started. Its first job was to get a set of rules for all games. By the end of the 19 th century almost every town had its own team.
Rugby is a form of football in which the ball can be handled (взят в руки). It was start as a game in the 19 th century. Rugby takes its name from Rugby school in the Midlands. In 1823, a boy playing football at the school picked up the ball and ran with it. Now it is one of the most popular games.
American football is different from soccer. It is played with an oval ball. American football and rugby are alike.
Упражнения по теме Sports / Спорт
Письменные и устные упражнения по теме Sports / Спорт
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«Упражнения по теме Sports / Спорт»
1. Find the 10 hidden words.
2. Perform a dialog using the following constructions
What new sports would you like to try?
I would like to try roller and figure skating.
Do you like to exercise?
Do you like to watch sports on TV? What are they?
What is your favorite summer sport?
What is your favorite winter sport?
What new sports would you like to try?
3. Go, do or play? Use them in the correct form.
1. He _______ jogging every morning.
2. I love _____ a good game of chess from time to time.
3. She _______ gymnastics.
Play is used with ball sports or competitive games.
Do is used with the activities that can be done alone
Go is used with the activities that end –ing.
4. This summer we _______ windsurfing every day on our holiday.
5. He’s quite an athlete. He _____ baseball, volleyball and hockey.
6. My wife ______ horse-riding twice a week.
7. Why don’t we _______ a set of tennis?
8. Some people think that _______ aerobics four times a week is the best possible way of keeping fit.
9. His idea of the perfect summer holiday is to rent a sailboat and ______ sailing between the islands of the Tuscan archipelago.
10. They wear backpacks when they _______ hiking.
4. Guess what sports and games are described here:
a. the sport of fighting with fists;
b. the sport of riding in a small boat with sails;
c. the sport of one who swims;
d. the sport of playing a type of football with an oval ball;
e. a game for two people who use rackets, a small soft ball and a low net;
f. the sport of moving through the water in a boat without sails;
g. the sport of going on horseback;
h. a game played by two tams of 6 players each that is played on an ice field;
i. an outdoor game, popular in Britain played in summer with a small ball by two teams of 11 players each, usually dressed in white.
5. Match the picture with the names of sports and games in which they are used.
1. a shuttlecock and a rackets
2. a stick and a puck
3. a chessboard and chessmen
4. a ball and a ring
5. a racket and a ball
6. a club and a ball
a) figure skating; b) golf; c) chess; d) tennis; e) badminton; f) rowing; g) boxing; h) basketball; i) ice hockey; j) sailing
6. Say which of them are sports and which of them are games:
skiing, skating, football, rugby, boxing, rowing, horseracing, basketball, golf, volleyball, running, high jump, cricket, ice hockey, field hockey, badminton, tennis, baseball
7. This is the page from a Travellers Guide Book about sports in Moscow. Complete the text with the missing headlines from the box.
a) Horseracing and Horse-riding
d) Cross-country Skiing
1) ______ Russia is mostly a flat country, so downhill skiing is not widely spread but the cross-country type is very popular. Go to any of the outlying parks in winter. Skis can be bought at most sports shops.
2) ______ Risk a few roubles on buggy racing at the Hippodrome. And remember that it’s hard to beat the charm of riding through birch forests in springtime or taking a horsedrawn sleigh ride after a fresh snowfall.
3) ______ When it’s too cold for football, people turn their attention to ice hockey played at world standard in Russia’s two big cities. International matches are advertised in the local press. Tickets at stadium.
4) ______ You can skate the ice lanes of Moscow’s Gorky Park in winter or visit one of many covered rinks. Some places offer skates but bring extra pairs of socks in case your size isn’t available.
5) ______ Russians adore the game. And fortunately you can seldom see acts of European-style hooliganism. Tickets are always available for local matches on the day. The season is from March to October.
6) _______ This is a boom sport in Russia and the country’s best compete against foreign stars in Moscow’s Kremlin Cup, held each autumn. See local press for details.
8. Read the text and make some exercises after it.
The Olympic Games are an international sports festival that began in ancient Greece. The original Greek games took place every fourth year for several hundred years, until they were brought to an end in the early Christian era. The Olympic Games were renewed in 1896, and since then they have been staged every fourth year, except during World War I and World War II (1916, 1940, 1944).
Perhaps the main difference between the ancient and modern Olympics is that for the ancient Greeks the Games were a way of saluting their gods, when the modern Games are a manner of saluting the athletic talents of people of all nations. The original Olympics included competition in music, oratory, and theater performances as well. The modern Games haven’t got them, but they represent a lot more sports than before. For two weeks and a half any international conflicts must be stopped and replaced with friendly competitions. This is the noble idea on which the modern Olympic movement is based.
The earliest record the Olympics goes back to 776 B.C., but historians presume that the Games began well before then. The ancient Games were held in honour of Zeus, the most important god for ancient Greeks. According to the earliest records, only one athletic event was held in the ancient Olympics – a footrace of about 183 m, or the length of the stadium. A cook, Coroibus of Elis, was the first recorded winner. Only men were allowed to compete or watch the games. When the powerful, warlike Spartans began to compete, they changed the programme of the Games. The 18th Olympics already included wrestling and a pentathlon, and later Games – chariot, races and other sports. The winner of the Games were highly praised and honoured for their results. In A.D. 394 the Games were officially ended by the Roman emperor Theodosius I, who felt that they had pagan connotations.
Pierre de Coubertin (1863–1937), a young French nobleman, had an idea to bring the Olympic Games back to life. With the help of the people who supported him he managed to organize the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Baron de Coubertin had planned to hold the Olympics in France, but the representatives from the nine countries that supported his idea decided that Greece was the right place to host the first Olympic Games. The nine countries were Belgium, England, France, Greece, Italy, Russia, Spain, Sweden, and the United States. They agreed that every four years the Olympics would move to other great cities of the world.
The Athens Games in 1896 were a success. Athletes from thirteen countries competed in nine sports. A second Olympics was held in France in 1900. The 1904 Summer Olympics were held in Atlanta, the USA and hosted 197 countries. The USA took the first place winning 44 gold, 32 silver and 25 bronze medals. Russia took the second place with 26 gold, 21 silver, and 16 bronze medals.
Beginning in 1924, a Winter Olympics were included – to be held at a separate cold-weather sports site in the same year as the Summer Games – the first held at Chamonix, France. In 2012 XXII Olympic Winter Games took place in Sochi, Russia. The 2014 Winter Olympics were the most expensive Games in the history of the Olympics. Also they achieved a record broadcast audience of 2.1 billion people worldwide. On these games medals were played for the following sports: figure skating, speed skating, short track speed skating, ice hockey, curling, cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing, snowboarding, biathlon, luge, bobsleigh, skeleton.
But the Summer Games, with its wide array of events, are still the focal point of the modern Olympics. Among the standard events are basketball, boxing, canoeing and kayaking, cycling, equestrian arts, fencing, field hockey, gymnastics, modern pentathlon, rowing, shooting, soccer, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field, volleyball, water polo, weight lifting, wrestling (freestyle and Greco-Roman), and yachting. New sports are added to the roster at every Olympic Games; among the more prominent are baseball, martial arts, and most recently triathlon, which was first contested at the 2000 Games.
The Games are governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), whose headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Exercise 1. Answer the questions.
1. Where did the Olympic Games begin?
2. How often did the Games take place in ancient times? How old are they held now?
3. Did the original Olympic Games consist only of sport competition?
4. What was the only athletic event that was held in the ancient Olympics?
5. Could woman take part in the ancient Olympics?
6. At about what time were the ancient Olympics ended?
7. Whose idea was to bring the Olympic Games back to life?
8. In what city were the first modern Olympic Games held?
9. What country hosted the second modern Olympiad?
10. Where were the latest Olympics held?
11. What committee organizes the Olympic Games?
Exercise 2. Find the words and phrases which mean:
Первые (первые появившиеся) Олимпийские игры; в начале христианской эры (нашей эры); игры были возобновлены; способ чествовать своих богов; способ прославить спортивные таланты; на которой основывается современное олимпийское движение; в честь Зевса; состязание в беге; сильные, воинственные спартанцы; борьба, пятиборье, гонки на колесницах; вернуть Олимпийские игры к жизни; поддержали его идею; самое подходящее место для проведения Олимпийски игр; Олимпиады проводятся под руководством Международного олимпийского комитета (МОК).
Exercise 3. Choose one of the Olympic Games and right a short essay following the plan:
The number and the year of the Games
The place where they were held
Olympic sports of that Games
The number of countries that took part in the Games
The number of sportsmen and sportswomen who took part in the Games
The medal that were won
Some of the Russian (Soviet) athletes who took part in the Games, their results
Some of the records set during the Games
The central event or the central figure of the Games.
Exercise 4 .Complete the words to make a list of traditional Olympic sports.
_ _ _ _ _ _ lifting
f _ _ _ _ _ skating
9. Write an essay about the role of sport in your life following this plan.
— What role does sport play in your life?
— Are you good at any sports or games?
— Have you ever taken part in sports competitions? Did you win?
— Why do many people doing sports?
— In what way does sport help you to keep fit?
— What are the most popular sports and games in Russia?
— What sports and games do you prefer? Why?
— Do you practice them or watch them on TV?
— Can you call yourself a fan of any sport or game?
— Have you ever watched competitions at the stadium? What were your impression?
— Do you know any big national or international competitions? What are they?
10. Make up the presentation about The 2018 FIFA World Cup.