Упражнение на передачу приказов, просьб и предложений
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1 . Вопрос
The teacher said to the students, ‘Stop talking.’
The teacher ___ the students to stop talking.
2 . Вопрос
Jack said to his co-student, ‘Will you lend me your dictionary?’
Jack ___ his sister to lend him her dictionary.
3 . Вопрос
Mary said to Lucy, ‘Shall we go for a walk?’
Mary ___ going for a walk.
4 . Вопрос
Greg said to me, ‘I can’t accept your offer.’ Greg ___ to accept my offer.
5 . Вопрос
Carol said to friend, ‘Please, be so kind, give me some advice.’
Carol ___ her friend to give her some advice.
6 . Вопрос
Max said to his girlfriend, ‘I’ll bring you a souvenir from Egypt.’
Max ___ to bring a souvenir from Egypt for his girlfriend.
7 . Вопрос
Nina said to me, ‘You should take an aspirin if you’ve got a headache.’
Nina ___ me to take an aspirin.
8 . Вопрос
Nick said to his friends, ‘Let’s play basketball.’
Nick ___ playing basketball.
9 . Вопрос
Lucy said to her roommate, ‘Shall I help you with the washing-up?’
Lucy ___ to help her roommate with the washing-up.
10 . Вопрос
Brandon said to his girlfriend, ‘Don’t go out without an umbrella.’
Brandon ___ his girlfriend not to go out without an umbrella.
11 . Вопрос
The boss said to his secretary, ‘Type this letter immediately.’
The boss ___ his secretary to type the letter immediately.
12 . Вопрос
Liza said to her boyfriend, ‘Will you give me some time to think?’
Liza ___ her boyfriend to give her some time to think.
13 . Вопрос
My friend said to me, ‘I’ll drive you to the airport.’
My friend ___ to drive me to the airport.
14 . Вопрос
Amy said to her cousin, ‘You shouldn’t spend so much time playing computer games.’
Amy ___ her cousin not to spend so much time playing computer games.
15 . Вопрос
Frank said to his friends, ‘Let’s have a picnic this Sunday.’
Frank ___ having a picnic that Sunday.
Reported Commands, Requests, Suggestons
Reported Commands, Requests, Suggestons
Let’s learn how to report commands, requests and suggestions.
In reported commands, requests and suggestions we use such verbs as:
to order, to ask, to tell, to suggest, to beg, to advise, to forbid, to warn, to insist, to promise, to agree, to refuse, to remind, etc. after which according to the construction of the introductory verbs we use
- not to-infinitive
- -ing form (Gerund)
She said, “Don’t take these papers”. – She told / asked not to take those papers.
“Move over, will you?” Helen said to Nelly. – Helen asked Nelly to move over.
“Don’t speak all at a time,” the teacher said to her class. – The teacher told the class not to speak all at a time.
A to-infinitive is used after the verbs to order, to agree, to offer, to promise, to refuse.
“Of course I’ll phone you,” he said. – He promised to phone me.
“Boys,” shouted the instructor, “Forward, march!” – The instructor ordered the boys to march forward.
A gerund (-ing form) is used after the verbs to apologize for, to complain of, to insist on, to suggest, to deny, to prefer.
“Let’s listen to music,” she said. – She suggested listening to music.
“You must finish this work,” he said. – He insisted on my finishing the work.
An object pronoun (me, you, him, her, us, them) + to-infinitive is used after the verbs to ask, to advise, to beg, to command, to invite, to remind, to order, to warn.
“You should see a doctor,” he said. – He advised me to see a doctor.
A that-clause is used afte the verbs to agree, to complain, to deny, to exclaim, to promise, to suggest.
“Yes, it’s a interesting film,” she said. – She agreed that it was an interesting film.
“I din’t use your brush,” he said. – He denied that he had used my brush.
We don’t normally use the word please in the reported speech.
“Pass me the sugar, please,” she said. – She asked me to pass her the sugar.
“Nelly, will you shut the window please?” the teacher said. – The teacher asked Nelly to shut the window.
“Helen, collect the exercise books, please,” the teacher said. – The teacher told Helen to collect the exercise books.
Reported Suggestions and Offers
“Let’s postpone the class meeting till Friday,” said the monitor. – The monitor suggested that they should postpone the meeting till Friday. / The monitor suggested postponing the meeting till Friday.
“Let’s revise the agenda,” said the chairman of the meeting. – The chairman of the meeting suggested revising the agenda. / The chairman of the meeting suggested that they should revise the agenda.
“Let’s remove this bookcase from our classroom,” said the teacher. – The teacher suggested removing the bookcase from the classroom.
“Let me help you to carry your suitcase, Sue,” said Nick. – Nick offered to carry Sue’s suitcase.
“Shall I post your letters, Granny?” said George. – George offered to post his Granny’s letters.
“Shall I help you handle this DVD, Ann?” said Michael. – Michael offered to help Ann with the DVD.
And now have practice in using reported commands, requests and suggestions.
Упражнения по теме «REPORTED SPEECH»
When statements, questions, commands, requests, and other utterances are reported later with a reporting verb in the past, the original tenses move one step back in time. This basic rule can be summarised as follows:
Present Tence — Past Tense
Present Perfect Tense — Past Perfect Tense
Past Tense — Past Perfect Tense
Future Tense — conditional
Future Perfect Tense — conditional perfect
The Past Perfect Tense cannot move back in time so it stays the same. Conditionals and subjunctives also remain unchanged.
Conditionals and subjunctives which do not relate to time do not change.
eg «If I had enough money I’d buy it.» — He said that if he had enough money, he’d buy it.
«I wish I could remember his name.» — She said she wished she could remember his name.
«I’d rather he was coming too.» — She said she’d rather he was coming too.
Orders and instructions change either to:
a. An infinitive construction introduced by told, ordered, etc:
eg «Sit down» — He told me to sit down.
«Don’t say a word» — He told me not to say a word.
b. A construction with was/were (not) to :
eg «Wait in this room until you are called.»
They said I was to wait in the room until I was called.
a. The following auxiliary verbs always change :
can/cannot — could/couldn’t
b. The following auxiliary verbs do not change when they are used with the meaning given below.
might He said he might come later.
could/could not She said the key could be lost,
(to express possibility or impossibility)
should/ought to I told him he should be more careful.
(to express advisability or
must He said I must be joking,
(to express a conclusion)
must (not)/need not She told me I needn’t stay late,
(to express obligation or lack of obligation)
c. Did not need to changes to had not needed to but needn ‘t have doesn’t change.
Exercise 1. Change the following sentences into reported speech. Use link words where possible.
a. «You might catch the 6 o’clock train, if you hurry.» (They told me. )
b. «I couldn’t have a small dog as a pet. My flat’s too small.» (I explained. )
c. «You must be exhausted! You haven’t had a break all day.» (She exclaimed. )
d. ‘You ought to ask for a pay rise. You’ve brought the company a lot of business.’ (He told me. )
e. «As I was only going for the day, 1 didn’t need to pack a suitcase.» (She said. )
f. «You needn’t have waited up for me. I’m quite capable of letting myself in.» (He told us. )
g. «I’d rather you didn’t tell anyone what I’ve just told you.» (He said. )
h. «I may be able to give you a lift but I won’t know until the morning.» (She explained. )
i. «I couldn’t find my door key. That’s why I broke a window.» (He told the policeman. )
j. «She should be delighted when she hears the news.» (They told us. )
Requests and Suggestions
a. Reporting verbs like ask, beg, warn, etc. take a personal object + full infinitive:
eg He asked us to wait for him. begged
b. When ask is used to report a request for permission it is followed by if + subject + could/might:
eg We asked if we could record the speech.
More usually, it takes either a pronoun+full infinitive or a (that clause:
eg He recommended us to visit the City Museum.
that we should visit the City Museum.
Questions with yes/no answers are reported with /for whether:
eg «Will you be late home?» — She asked if I would be late home.
Questions with question words (How, When, Who, etc.) reported with the same question word:
eg «How long are you staying?» — They asked how long I was staying.
The auxiliary do is not used in reported questions and normal word order is followed.
eg «What does the word ‘supersede’ mean?» –I asked what the word ‘supersede’ meant.
«What is the time?» –I asked what the time was.
Exercise 2. Use one of the introductory verbs to report each of the following sentences. Each of the verbs should be used only once. Use link words where appropriate.
warn ask encourage urge
recommend suggest advise beg
a. «Please sit down and make yourself at home», our hostess said.
b. «Don’t touch the Record button», my friend said. «You could erase the tape.»
c. «You really must take the matter up with your solicitor. It could be very serious,» my brother said.
d. «I should pay a visit to the Citizen’s Advice Bureau. They’ll be able to tell you what your rights are,» she said.
e. «If you’re eating at Marios, try the squid. It’s delicious?», they told us.
f. «No one is to use a dictionary during the test», the teacher said.
g. «Please don’t forget to let me know when you’ve arrived safely,»my aunt said. «I’ll be worried to death unless you do».
h. «May we come in?» said the two visitors.
i. «You could try the corner shop. They sometimes stay open late on Saturday,» the man said.
j. «Goon, enter for the exam,» he said. «You’ve nothing to lose and it’ll be good experience for you.»