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present perfect упражнения на перевод с английского на русский

Present Perfect Tense. Exercises. Упражнения на отработку Present Perfect Simple

Сегодня нам предстоит выполнить 12 упражнений на Present Perfect, поэтому освежите в памяти схему его образования.

Упражнения на Present Perfect помогут вам

  • закрепить образование и употребление третьей формы английского глагола
  • вспомнить случаи употребления Present Perfect
  • отработать употребление for и since, a также already, never и yet.
  • отработать построение утвердительных, отрицательных и вопросительных предложений в Present Perfect Tense

Наличие ответов к упражнениям поможет вам проконтролировать собственные результаты или результаты ваших учеников.

Возможно, Вам полезно будет ознакомиться с примерами предложений в Present Perfect.

Форма глагола в Present Perfect Tense. Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Заполните таблицу, используя следующие формы глагола. Complete the table with the base forms and the past participles. Use the words in the box.

Lose, taken, swim, bought, do, written, run, eaten, take, won, write, done, buy, lost, win, run, eat, swum

base form

past simple

past participle

Утвердительные предложения в Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения.

Упражнение 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect.

  1. He _____ (finish) training.
  2. She _____ (score) twenty points in the match.
  3. We _____ (watch) all the Champions League matches this season.
  4. That’s amazing! She _____ (run) fifteen kilometers this morning!
  5. She _____ (buy) some really nice rollerblades!
  6. Oh, no! I _____ (lose) my money!
  7. My mum _____ (write) shopping list. It’s on the kitchen table.
  8. Dad, you _____ (eat) my biscuit!
  9. I’m tired. I _____ (watch) three X-Files videos.
  10. Hurry up! They _____ (start) the film!
  11. Mary _____ (study) hard this year, so she’ll pass her exams.
  12. Oh no! She _____ (drop) the plate!
  13. The garden is very green. It _____ (rain) a lot this month.
  14. These are my favourite trousers. I _____ (have) them for five years.
  15. Tom’s my best friend. I _____ (know) him for three years.
  16. They _____ (live) in Miami for two years.
  17. Jo has earache. He _____ (have) it since 7 o’clock.
  18. Brad _____ (live) in Chicago since 1998.

Отрицательные предложения в Present Perfect Simple. Упражнения.

Упражнение 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect negative.

  1. I _____ (not clean) my football boots.
  2. They _____ (not start) their meal.
  3. I _____ (not do) my homework.
  4. He _____ (not win) all his matches this year.
  5. My brother and I _____ (not see) any films this week.
  6. It’s my birthday party today. I _____ (not invite) many people.
  7. He _____ (not wash) his hands. They’re very dirty.
  8. Mum’s really angry. We _____ (not tidy) our room!
  9. I can’t play with my friends this evening. I _____ (not finish) my homework.
  10. I _____ (not visit) New York for three years.
  11. Where’s Alison? We _____ (not see) her since yesterday.
  12. Dad _____ (not take) a holiday since last August.
  13. John _____ (not play) the violin since he was at school.

For или since?

Упражнение 4. В письме есть 4 ошибки на использование for и since. Найдите и исправьте их. These are some sentences from Nigel’s letter home from Africa. He has made four mistakes in using ‘for’ and ‘since’. Correct his mistakes.

I’ve lived in Africa since two weeks and I love it! Africa is beautiful! I haven’t travelled to any faraway place for last summer. I’m so happy now!

I’ve already seen Mr. Rambler. He is working for WWF here and taking photos of wild animals. I haven’t seen any lions yet. I think I’ll see them later.

Thank you for the trip. I’ve dreamed of Kenya for my childhood. I haven’t seen you since ages! I miss you so much!

Упражнение 5. Дополните предложения словами for или since. Complete the sentences. Use for or since.

  1. I’ve lived in Washington _____ 1997.
  2. Ben has studied English _____ three years.
  3. They haven’t visited their grandparents _____ months.
  4. Julie’s ill. She’s been in bed _____ Tuesday.
  5. My dad has had his car_____ sixteen.
  6. It’s been ten years_____ we moved to Oxford.

Упражнение 6. Пользуясь опорными словами, a также словами for и since составьте предложения в Present Perfect Simple.

  1. Kate/be/in bed/a long time.
  2. She / not eat / anything / this morning.
  3. She / not see / her friends / a week.
  4. She / stay / at home / Tuesday.
  5. She / have / a red nose / three days.
  6. She / not play / basketball / last weekend.
  7. She / not do / any school work / Monday.
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Вопросительные предложения в Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения.

Упражнение 7. Zork и Zena – инопланетяне, впервые прилетевшие на Землю. Они составили список дел. Напишите вопросы и ответы о том, что они уже сделали, а чего пока нет.

Zork (eat) a hamburger?

Has Zork eaten a hamburger?

Zork and Zena (drink) a cola?

Have Zork and Zena drunk a cola?

  1. Zena (see) a film?
  2. Zork and Zena (speak) English?
  3. Zork (swim) in the sea?
  4. Zena (visit) the Acropolis?
  5. Zork and Zena (drive) a car?

Упражнение 8. Напишите вопросы в Present Perfect, используя глаголы в скобках. Дайте правдивые ответы.

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The Present Perfect Tense. Упражнения c ответами

Настоящее совершенное время употребляется:

  • для выражения действия, которое непосредственно относится к моменту речи:

I have lost my keys and can’t enter my flat. — Я потерял ключи и не могу войти в квартиру. (Потерял ключи в прошлом, в квартиру не может попасть сейчас.)

  • если действие (состояние) длилась до момента речи, и возможно, все еще длится в момент речи, особенно при использовании глаголов состояния (to be, to know, to like…)

He has worked at this office for 3 years already. — Он работает в этом офисе уже 3 года.

  • если речь идет о событиях, которые произошли в прошлом, при этом акцент ставится на совершении действия, а не на времени:

Nobody has ever climbed that mountain. — Еще никто не восходил на эту гору.

Подружились со временем? Проверим!

Exercise 1. Выберите неправильные глаголы и запишите их 3ю форму (Past Participle).

To arrive, to give, to play, to understand, to blow, to prepare, to wash, to fall, to miss, to run, to know, to talk, to open, to do, to water, to teach, to iron, to brush, to pay, to say, to remember, to show, to speak, to gather.

Answers: Given, understood, blown, fallen, run, known, done, taught, paid, said, shown, spoken.

Exercise 2. Выберите правильный вариант.

  1. I have/has watched this film.
  2. We have began/begun the work.
  3. Den have/has done his homework.
  4. Molly has break/ broken her toy.
  5. Julia and Betty have/has cut the vegetables.
  6. He/we have paid for pizza.
  7. You have/has ironed this dress.
  8. Children have has/had supper.
  9. I/she have switched off the light.
  10. Martin has went/gone.
  11. The girl has drew/drawn a nice picture.
  12. You/he has returned from the trip.
  13. They have/has gathered the harvest.
  14. She/they has packed the things.
  15. We have chose/chosen the present.
  16. The train have/has arrived.

Answers: 1. have; 2. begun; 3. has; 4. broken; 5. have; 6. we; 7. have; 8. had; 9. I; 10. gone; 11. drawn; 12. he; 13. have; 14. She; 15. chosen; 16. has.

Exercise 3. Составьте предложения, используя Present Perfect.

  1. We/to return/from the journey/just.
  2. I/to see/my boss/today.
  3. Helen/to decorate/her room/already.
  4. My cousins/to be/to this cinema/never.
  5. Max/to buy/а magazine/today.
  6. You/to spend/а lot of money/this month.
  7. Ian and Peter/to repair/the radio/already.
  8. I/to drive/а car/never.
  9. We/to get/some letters/this week.
  10. The dog/to run away/just.

Answers: 1. We have just returned from the journey. 2. I have seen my boss today. 3. Helen has already decorated her room. 4. My cousins have never been to this cinema. 5. Max has bought a magazine today. 6. You have spent a lot of money this month. 7. Ian and Peter have already repaired the radio. 8. I have never driven a car. 9. We have got some letters this week. 10. The dog has just run away.

Exercise 4. В следующих предложениях измените время гла­гола на Present Perfect. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

  1. The pupils are writing a dictation.
  2. My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem.
  3. I am learning a poem.
  4. She is telling them an interest­ing story.
  5. Kate is sweeping the floor.
  6. The wait­er is putting a bottle of lemonade in front of him.
  7. I am eating my breakfast.
  8. We are drinking water.
  9. He is bringing them some meat and vege­tables.
  10. You are putting the dishes on the table.
  11. They are having tea.
  12. She is taking the dirty plates from the table.
  13. The children are putting on their coats.
  14. Susan is making a new dress for her birthday party.
  15. She is opening a box of chocolates.
  16. I am buying milk for milk shakes.
  17. James is ordering a bottle of apple juice.
  18. We are looking for more CDs with good music.
  19. Are you recording your favourite film on his video recorder?
  20. I am translating a difficult article from German into Russian.
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Answers: 1. have written. 2. has helped. 3. have learnt. 4. has told. 5. has swept. 6. has put. 7. have eaten. 8. have drunk. 9. has brought. 10. have put. 11. have had. 12. has taken. 13. have put on. 14. has made. 15. has opened. 16. have bought. 17. has ordered. 18. have looked. 19. have you recorded. 20. have translated.

Перевод: 1. Ученики написали диктант. 2. Мой друг помог мне решить трудную задачу. 3. Я выучил стихотворение. 4. Она рассказала им интересную историю. 5. Катя подмела пол. 6. Официант поставил перед ним бутылку лимонада. 7. Я позавтракал. 8. Мы выпили воды. 9. Он принес им мясо с овощами. 10. Ты поставил посуду на стол. 11. Они выпили чаю. 12. Она убрала со стола грязные тарелки. 13. Дети надели пальто. 14. Сюзанна сшила себе платье на день рождения. 15. Она открыла коробку шоколадных конфет. 16. Я купила молоко для молочного коктейля. 17. Джеймс заказал бутылочку яблочного сока. 18. Мы поискали побольше компакт-дисков с хорошей музыкой. 19. Ты записал свой любимый фильм на его видеомагнитофоне? 20. Я перевел трудную статью с немецкого языка на русский.

Exercise 5. Сделайте из данных предложений отрицательные.

  1. She has found a wallet on the road.
  2. We have tidied our country house.
  3. The weather has changed.
  4. Liz has left you a note.
  5. They have moved to another hotel.
  6. I have caught a big fish.
  7. Pupils have learned this poem.
  8. Mike has booked the tickets for us.
  9. The plane has landed.
  10. The doctor has prescribed some medicine.

Answers: 1. She hasn’t found a wallet on the road. 2.We haven’t tidied our cottage house. 3.The weather hasn’t changed. 4. Liz hasn’t left you a note. 5.They haven’t moved to another hotel. 6. I haven’t caught a big fish. 7. Pupils haven’t learned this poem. 8. Mike hasn’t booked the tickets for us. 9. The plane hasn’t landed. 10. The doctor hasn’t prescribed some medicine.

Exercise 6. Сделайте из данных предложений вопросительные.

  1. We have been to the theatre.
  2. I have painted the walls in my bedroom.
  3. Richard has turned on the radio.
  4. They have explained this rule to me.
  5. Amy and Ron have gone to play tennis.
  6. Molly has made a cup of tea.
  7. His parents have gone to the market.
  8. Nelly has typed three letters.
  9. The parrot has flown away.
  10. The students have prepared for the exams.

Answers: 1.Have we been to the theatre? 2. I have painted the walls in my bedroom. 3. Has Richard turned on the radio? 4. Have they explained this rule to me? 5. Have Amy and Ron gone to play tennis? 6. Has Molly made a cup of tea? 7. Have his parents gone to the market? 8. Has Nelly typed three letters? 9. Has the parrot flown away? 10. Have the students prepared for the exams?

Exercise 7. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требу­ющейся форме, так чтобы получить Present Con­tinuous или Present Perfect.

  1. What’s the matter? Why he (to stop)?
  2. My cousin (to look) for a job, but he (not to find) a job yet.
  3. It (to be) impossible for her to feel at home here.
  4. What you (to study) now?
  5. They just (to give) you a pay rise.
  6. Sophie is busy. She (to knit) a sweater for her grandson.
  7. You only (to have) a piece of cake? You (not to eat) much.
  8. People (to plant) carrots and tomatoes now.
  9. You (to go) to plant tomatoes this year?
  10. Johnny, who finally (to find) a new job, (to give) a big party.
  11. How long you (to be) sick?
  12. You (to see) any good mov­ies recently?
  13. What you (to look) forward to?
  14. Nancy (to look) forward to this weekend.
  15. She (to go) to read Shakespeare and she (not to go) to think about work.
  16. Mike (to leave) for work yet?
  17. They (to pay) their electric bill this month?
  18. How long you (to know) each other?
  19. Your car (to make) strange noises. Is anything wrong?
  20. The boy (to do) his homework and (to take) a karate lesson now.
  21. I (to have) dinner with my friends at the moment and I am very happy to see them again.
  22. Jay never (to travel) overseas.
  23. We always (to have) a dog and a cat. We love pets.
  24. Larry never (to own) a sports car.
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Answers: 1. Why has he stopped. 2. My cousin is looking, he hasn’t found. 3. It has been. 4. What are you studying. 5. They have just given you a pay rise. 6. She is knitting. 7. Have you only had, you haven’t eaten. 8. People are planting. 9. Are you going. 10. Johnny, who has finally found, is giving. 11. How long have you been. 2. Have you seen. 13. What are you looking. 14. Nancy is looking. 15. She is going, she is not going. 16. Has Mike left. 17. Have they paid. 18. How long have you known. 19. Your car is making. 20. The boy has done, is taking. 21. I am having. 22. Jay has never travelled. 23. We have always had. 24. Larry has never owned.

Exercise 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Past Simple.

  1. It (to be) very cold yesterday.
  2. When you (to meet) him?
  3. I (not to see) him since 1997.
  4. How many mushrooms you (to gather)?
  5. Where you (to put) the newspaper? I want to read it, but cannot find it anywhere.
  6. The new school (to begin) work­ing last year.
  7. At last I (to do) all my homework: now I shall go out.
  8. The building of the house (to begin) early in April.
  9. The rain (to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing.
  10. We already (to solve) the problem.
  11. He (to come) a moment ago.
  12. I nev­er (to speak) to him.
  13. He just (to finish) his work.
  14. You (to make) any spelling mistakes in your dic­tation?
  15. What books you (to read) when you (to live) in the country?
  16. They (not yet to come) from the south.
  17. He (to be) ill last week, but now he (to recover).
  18. If everybody (to read) this new nov­el, let’s discuss it.
  19. You (to book) tickets? — Yes, I … . I (to book) them several days ago.
  20. I can hardly recognize you. I (not to see) you since you (to leave) for Moscow. And you (to change) so much.
  21. You (to read) all the books on this shelf?
  22. I (not to see) my cousin since last year.
  23. Why you (to put) these things in the wrong place?
  24. Why you (to leave) the door open? You will catch cold sitting in the draught.
  25. «We (not to meet) for such a long time!» said my friend. «Yes, indeed,»I answered, «and we both (to grow)

Answers: 1. it was. 2. When did you meet. 3. I have not seen. 4. Have you gathered. 5. Where have you put. 6. The new school began working. 7. I have done. 8. The building of the house began. 9. The rain has stopped. 10. We have already solved. 11. He came. 12. I have never spoken. 13. He has just finished. 14. Have you made. 15. What books did you read, you lived. 16. They have not yet come. 17. He was, he has recovered. 18. Everybody has read. 19. Have you booked, I have, I booked 20. I have not seen, you left, you have changed. 21. Have you read. 22. I have not seen. 23. Why have you put. 24. Why have you left. 25. We have not met, we both have grown.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. II уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2012. — 304 с.
  2. Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. — 5-е изд., — СПб: КАРО, 2005. — 544 с. — (Английский язык для школьников).

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