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present perfect continuous и present continuous упражнения для 5 класса

Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous

Добрый день. В данной статье Вы найдете упражнения на использование времен Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous в сравнении. Если Вы чувствуете, что не совсем хорошо разбираетесь в данной теме, — рекомендую начать со следующих материалов:

Данные упражнения разработаны для учеников 7 и 8 классов, но могут использоваться и в старшей школе для закрепления употребления времен.

Упражнения Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous.

Упражнение 1. Choose the right tense form.

  1. Nina has been learning/has learned English for 2 years.
  2. The birds have already flown/have been flying to the South.
  3. They have known /have been knowing him for many years.
  4. Mike has forgotten/has been forgetting to learn the poem.
  5. The children have been watching/have watched cartoons for 2 hours.
  6. The train has just come/has been coming.
  7. We haven’t been having/ haven’t had a holiday for 5 years.
  8. She has been teaching/has taught at this school for twenty years.
  9. David has been painting/has painted in his studio since 10 o’clock.
  10. Mary and Sam have collected/ have been collecting stamps for 3 years.
  11. Their parents have been/have being friends since their childhood.
  12. Dave has been/ has been being a student for 2 years.

Упражнение 2. Make sentences using Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

She/clean/the flat for four hours. – She has been cleaning the flat for four hours.

  1. I / read/Tolstoy stories/ in the park for two hours.
  2. I /read/three stories.
  3. Granny/knit/in the living room/ since morning.
  4. Helen/travel/round Europe/for 3 weeks.
  5. She/visit/already/3 countries.

Упражнение 3. Поставь глагол в скобках в Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. I (not to see) him for ages.
  2. He (to do) his lessons since lunch.
  3. I (not to hear) about him for a long time.
  4. I (to drive) since I was 17.
  5. Jack (to fail) his driving test three times because к doesn’t know how to park.
  6. I think he (make) a lot of improvement.
  7. Alice (not/pass) her driving test because she doesn’t know the rules well.
  8. She (worry) about this for two months.
  9. She (study) the driver’s manual for hours every day.
  10. She (not/take) another test yet.
  11. I (to have) a headache since I got up.
  12. He is my friend, I (to know) him for a long time.
  13. Ivan has a stomachacke. He (to eat) junk food all day.
  14. I (never to hear) that song before.

Упражнение 4. Make questions using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. My friend is waiting for me at the station. (How long…?)
  2. He translates books. (How many…?)
  3. Mother is making a cream cake. (How long…?)
  4. Bill is travelling in Europe at present. (How many countries…?)
  5. My parents are decorating the fir-tree. (How long…?)
  6. They are married. (How long…?)

Упражнение 5. Translate into English using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. Моя жена рисует уже 5 лет, но ещё не продала ни одной картины.
  2. Я рад, что мы закончили эту работу.
  3. Мои руки грязные. Я работала в саду.
  4. Ник съел все конфеты.
  5. Вы когда-нибудь играли в шахматы?

Упражнение 6. Correct the mistakes if any.

  1. They are discussing the problem for hours, but has not solved it yet.
  2. Somebody has been playing tennis since 2 o’clock.
  3. Is it still raining? No, it have stopped.
  4. John has been winning the championship two times.
  5. The boys have fished for 3 hours.
  6. How many books have you written?
  7. Mike has invited many friends to his birthday party.
  8. He has been hating oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have been taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Irene has left for the airport.

Ответы к упражнениям

  1. has been learning
  2. have already flown
  3. have known
  4. has forgotten
  5. have been watching
  6. has just come
  7. haven’t had
  8. has been teaching
  9. has been painting
  10. have been collecting
  11. have been
  12. has been
  1. I have been reading Tolstoy stories in the park for two hours.
  2. I have read three stories.
  3. Granny has been knitting in the living room since morning.
  4. Helen has been traveling round Europe for 3 weeks.
  5. She has already visited 3 countries.
  1. haven’t seen
  2. has been doing
  3. have not heard
  4. have been driving
  5. has failed
  6. has made
  7. has not passed
  8. has been worrying
  9. has been studying
  10. has not taken
  11. have had
  12. have known
  13. has been eating
  14. have never heard
  1. (How long has he been waiting?)
  2. (How many books has he translated?)
  3. (How long has she been cooking?)
  4. (How many countries has he visited?)
  5. (How long have they been decorating the fir-tree?)
  6. (How long have they been married?)
  1. My wife has been drawing for 5 years, but she has not sold a single picture.
  2. I am glad that we have finished this work.
  3. My hands are dirty. I have been working in the garden.
  4. Nick has eaten all the sweets.
  5. Have you ever played chess?
  1. They have been discussing the problem for hours, but have not solved it yet.
  2. Correct
  3. Is it still raining? No, it has
  4. John has won the championship two times.
  5. The boys have been fishing for 3 hours.
  6. Correct
  7. Correct
  8. He has hated oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Correct
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10 Комментариев для «Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous»

He has been hating oranges since his childhood.

почему здесь ошибка?

Настя, глагол to hate нельзя употреблять в Continuous (почитайте здесь правило)

Можно ли, в 11 вопросе 3-го задания, использовать Continious? Глагол to have употребляется во временах Continuous в сочетании с некоторыми существительными, с которыми он образует смысловое целое. «To have a haedache» — «иметь головную боль». Таким образом, можем ли мы написать: I have been having a haedache since I got up?

To have a headache — нельзя употреблять в continuous,

но вы правы, есть такие выражения, которые употреблять можно, например: to have dinner

Почему в 3.9. не Presen Simple?

She studies the driver’s manual for hours every day.

She has been studying the driver’s manual for hours every day.

Только потому, что в условии данное время не заявлено

Мне кажется, здесь можно сказать, как результат, т.к. здесь не упоминается время.

5.3 I have worked in the garden.s are dirty. I have been working in the garden. My hands are dirty.

Ирина, в данном контексте нельзя.

Добрый день! Подскажите, почему в 5.4 the sweets. Артикль перед множественным числом?

Nick has eaten all the sweets. — Не все конфеты, а те конфеты, которые у него были.

All children love chocolate – Все дети любят шоколад.

All the children in the building were evacuated – Все дети в здании были эвакуированы.

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Present Perfect VS Present Continuous. Упражнения

В этом уроке мы рассмотрим Present Perfect в сравнении с Present Continuous и выполним упражнения. На самом деле эти времена сложно перепутать, но немного практики не помешает. Итак, повторяем:

Present Perfect отвечает на вопрос что уже сделал(а)? — I have watched the cartoon.

Present Continuous отвечает на вопрос что еще делаю? I am watching the cartoon.

Фактически Present Perfect (результат) является следствием Present Continuous (процесс). Иными словами, процесс приводит к результату.

Present Perfect VS Present Continuous. Упражнения

Данные упражнения на сравнение Present Perfect и Present Continuous взяты из замечательного пособия «Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. Голицынский Ю.» Упражнения содержат простую лексику и не должны показаться сложными, если вы знаете формы неправильных глаголов.

Упражнение 1 (для начинающих). Раскройте скобки, чтобы получить Present Continuous или Present Perfect.

1. What are you (to do) here? — I am (to write) a letter to my friends. 2. Who has (to write) this ar­ticle? 3. What language are you (to study)? 4. We have already (to learn) a lot of English words. 5. What is she (to teach) them? 6. Who has (to teach) you to do it? 7. He has just (to do) something for us. 8. Have you (to find) the book? 9. What are you (to look) for? 10. What are you (to talk) about? 11. We have just (to talk) about it. 12. He has just (to say) something about it. 13. She is (to tell) them some interesting story. 14. He has (to tell) us noth­ing about it. 15. She has (to tell) them some stories about dogs. 16. We have (to have) two lessons to­day. 17. They are (to have) a meeting. 18. She has not (to speak) yet. 19. They have (to ask) me several questions. 20. He has already (to learn) the rule. 21. I am (to write) an exercise. 22. What is he (to do)? — He is (to read) a newspaper. 23. Have you (to read) any stories by Jack London? 24. I am (to answer) the telephone right now. 25. He has (to fix) his car and now he is (not to have) any trouble with the brakes anymore. 26. You have just (to hear) to­morrow’s weather forecast.

Упражнение 2. Измените время глагола на Present Perfect.

1. The pupils are writing a dictation. 2. My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem. 3. I am learning a poem. 4. She is telling them an interesting story. 5. Kate is sweeping the floor. 6. I am eating my breakfast. 7. We are drinking water. 8. He is bringing them some meat and vegetables. 9. You are putting the dishes on the table. 10. They are having tea. 11. She is taking the dirty plates from the table. 12. The children are putting on their coats. 13. Susan is making a new dress for her birthday party. 14. She is opening a box of chocolates. 15. I am buying milk for my cat. 17. Is James opening a bottle of apple juice? 18. We aren’t looking for more information. 19. Are you watching your favourite film on TV? 20. I am not translating the text from English into Russian.

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребив Present Continuous или Present Perfect.

1.What’s the matter? Why he (to stop)? 2. My cousin (to look) for a job, but he (not to find) a job yet. 3. It (to be) impossible for her to feel at home here. 4. What you (to study) now? 5. They just (to give) you flowers. 6. Sophie is busy. She (to knit) a sweater for her grandson. 7. You only (to have) a piece of cake? You (not to eat) much. 8. People (to plant) carrots and tomatoes now. 9. You (to go) to plant tomatoes this year? 10. Johnny, who finally (to find) a new job, (to give) a big party. 11. How long you (to be) sick? 12. You (to see) any good mov­ies recently? 13. What you (to look) forward to? 14. Nancy (to look) forward to this weekend. 15. She (to go) to read Shakespeare and she (not to go) to think about work. 16. Mike (to leave) for work yet? 17. They (to pay) their electric bill this month? 18. How long you (to know) each other? 19. Your car (to make) strange noises. Is anything wrong? 20. The boy (to do) his homework and (to take) a karate lesson now. 21. I (to have) dinner with my friends at the moment and I am very happy to see them again. 22. Jay never (to travel) overseas. 23. We always (to have) a dog and a cat. We love pets. 24. Larry never (to own) a sports car.

Упражнение 4. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Present Continuous.

1. Она все еще читает. 2. Мы ее давно не видели. 3. Бабушка с дедушкой уже навестили своих внуков. 4. Сейчас они сидят в гос­тиной и разговаривают о своей поездке. 5. Ты ког­да-нибудь был в Африке? 6. Он уже купил дом и теперь собирается купить машину. 7. Концерт еще не начался, мы сидим в зале и разговариваем. 8. Подожди меня! Я не взяла деньги. 9. Я только что позавтракал. 10. Он уже позавтракал. 11. Мы еще не завтракали. 12. Они все еще пьют чай в столовой. 13. Я уже сделал свою работу. 14. Он все еще убирает комнату. 15. У нас сегодня было три лекции. 16. У них только что было собрание. 17. Она еще не читала этой книги. 18. Она все еще смотрит телевизор. 19. Кто это написал? 20. Что вы ему написали? 21. Я только что была у зубного врача и чувствую себя намного лучше. 22. Он говорит неправду. 23. Он не обедал. 24. По­чему он не обедает? — Он все еще разговаривает со своим другом по телефону. 25. Куда убежала эта кошка? — Она вон там, спит под диваном.

ОТВЕТЫ

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Ответы доступны только для пользователей, оплативших подписку «ОТВЕТЫ».

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Времена группы Present (Simple, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous). Упражнения

Это важный урок, потому что мы будем повторять и СИСТЕМАТИЗИРОВАТЬ времена группы Present. Как известно, времена группы Present включают в себя 4 времени глагола (tenses):

В этом уроке мы рассмотрим, чем отличаются времена группы Present между собой и как они работают в активном залоге.

Времена группы Present (Simple, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous)

Упражнение (вводное). Выберите время глагола действия Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous, которое вы бы использовали для перевода на английский язык следующих предложений:

  1. Я учу английские слова каждый день.
  2. Я учу английские слова уже час.
  3. Я учу английские слова. Не мешай мне.
  4. Я выучил слова. Проверь меня.

Какая характеристика у глагола-действия в предложениях 1-4?

  1. регулярное действие
  2. процесс, незаконченное действие в настоящем
  3. завершенное действие в настоящем, есть результат
  4. действие, длящееся определенный период времени

Вы можете проверить себя — ОТВЕТЫ в конце урока.

Present Perfect – ПРОШЕДШИМ временем глагола.

Итак, подведем итог:

Present Perfect отвечает на вопрос что уже сделал(а)? — I have watched the cartoon.

Present Continuous отвечает на вопрос что еще делаю? — I am watching the cartoon.

Present Perfect Continuous отвечает на вопрос что делаю в течение …? — I have been watching the cartoon for 20 minutes.

Present Simple отвечает на вопрос что обычно делаю? — I watch cartoons every day.

Времена группы Present (Simple, Continuous, Perfect, Perfect Continuous). Упражнения

Упражнение 1. Сопоставьте время глагола и временное выражение (некоторые используются дважды):

Look! (2) ever, always (2), never (2), seldom, often, now, nowadays, usually, at the moment, yet, already, just, recently, lately, every day, on Mondays, tonight, today (2), regularly, sometimes, once a year, once a week, Listen! (2) How long…? for (2), since (2), these days, still, etc.

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Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, чтобы получить Present Simple или Present Perfect.

  1. I can’t speak about the book. I (not read) it yet.
  2. Every day I (wind up) my watch at 7 o’clock in the morning.
  3. It’s Friday. … you (see) him this week?
  4. It’s a pity, but I (not buy) this dictionary yet.
  5. As a rule, we (do) many exercises in class.
  6. He (tell) this joke many times.
  7. I already (translate) these sentences into French.
  8. They (have) their English many hours a week.
  9. She (work) much and usually (get) many good marks.
  10. We (buy) a new TV set this year.

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, чтобы получить Present Simple, Present Continuous или Present Perfect.

1. I must know what you (talk) about. 2. I (be) in this country for some time. 3. He (admire) you greatly. He (see) the play three times. 4. I (not know) what Harry (tell) you. 5. I want to see how much he (change) since I (see) him last. 6. We (be) to the cinema about twice a week since then. 7. Hello, what you (do) here at this late hour? 8. I (think) you never (do) any harm to people. 9. I always (stay) at home in the evenings. 10. I (hear) you (look) for a new house.

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, чтобы получить Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect Continuous или Present Perfect.

  1. Is Andy here? – I don’t know, I … (not see) him today.
  2. Where … you … (go)? – To the library.
  3. Would you like … (borrow) this magazine? – No, thanks. I … (read) it before.
  4. Betty’s bus … (arrive) at 5 o’clock. I must go and meet her at the bus station. (Будущее в английском языке, способ №8 Расписание)
  5. Have you seen my record book? I … (look) for it all the morning.
  6. Mike … (talk) to his friend for an hour already.
  7. More and more forests … (disappear) because of fires nowadays. (Времена, уровень 3)
  8. How long … you … (work) on this problem?
  9. The first lesson … (not finish) at 9.45. (Будущее в английском языке, способ №8 Расписание)
  10. They … (play) football tonight. (Будущее в английском языке, способ №2 Запланированное действие в ближайшем будущем)
  11. Linda is disappointed. She … (fail) her test.
  12. School … (prepare) children for life.
  13. We … (have) a party next Saturday night. Will you come? (Будущее в английском языке, способ №2 Запланированное действие в ближайшем будущем)
  14. … you … (try) to take photos? It’s not allowed, you know.
  15. … you … (remember) where he … (work)?

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