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present perfect continuous и past perfect continuous различия упражнения

Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous

Добрый день. В данной статье Вы найдете упражнения на использование времен Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous в сравнении. Если Вы чувствуете, что не совсем хорошо разбираетесь в данной теме, — рекомендую начать со следующих материалов:

Данные упражнения разработаны для учеников 7 и 8 классов, но могут использоваться и в старшей школе для закрепления употребления времен.

Упражнения Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous.

Упражнение 1. Choose the right tense form.

  1. Nina has been learning/has learned English for 2 years.
  2. The birds have already flown/have been flying to the South.
  3. They have known /have been knowing him for many years.
  4. Mike has forgotten/has been forgetting to learn the poem.
  5. The children have been watching/have watched cartoons for 2 hours.
  6. The train has just come/has been coming.
  7. We haven’t been having/ haven’t had a holiday for 5 years.
  8. She has been teaching/has taught at this school for twenty years.
  9. David has been painting/has painted in his studio since 10 o’clock.
  10. Mary and Sam have collected/ have been collecting stamps for 3 years.
  11. Their parents have been/have being friends since their childhood.
  12. Dave has been/ has been being a student for 2 years.

Упражнение 2. Make sentences using Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

She/clean/the flat for four hours. – She has been cleaning the flat for four hours.

  1. I / read/Tolstoy stories/ in the park for two hours.
  2. I /read/three stories.
  3. Granny/knit/in the living room/ since morning.
  4. Helen/travel/round Europe/for 3 weeks.
  5. She/visit/already/3 countries.

Упражнение 3. Поставь глагол в скобках в Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. I (not to see) him for ages.
  2. He (to do) his lessons since lunch.
  3. I (not to hear) about him for a long time.
  4. I (to drive) since I was 17.
  5. Jack (to fail) his driving test three times because к doesn’t know how to park.
  6. I think he (make) a lot of improvement.
  7. Alice (not/pass) her driving test because she doesn’t know the rules well.
  8. She (worry) about this for two months.
  9. She (study) the driver’s manual for hours every day.
  10. She (not/take) another test yet.
  11. I (to have) a headache since I got up.
  12. He is my friend, I (to know) him for a long time.
  13. Ivan has a stomachacke. He (to eat) junk food all day.
  14. I (never to hear) that song before.

Упражнение 4. Make questions using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. My friend is waiting for me at the station. (How long…?)
  2. He translates books. (How many…?)
  3. Mother is making a cream cake. (How long…?)
  4. Bill is travelling in Europe at present. (How many countries…?)
  5. My parents are decorating the fir-tree. (How long…?)
  6. They are married. (How long…?)

Упражнение 5. Translate into English using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. Моя жена рисует уже 5 лет, но ещё не продала ни одной картины.
  2. Я рад, что мы закончили эту работу.
  3. Мои руки грязные. Я работала в саду.
  4. Ник съел все конфеты.
  5. Вы когда-нибудь играли в шахматы?

Упражнение 6. Correct the mistakes if any.

  1. They are discussing the problem for hours, but has not solved it yet.
  2. Somebody has been playing tennis since 2 o’clock.
  3. Is it still raining? No, it have stopped.
  4. John has been winning the championship two times.
  5. The boys have fished for 3 hours.
  6. How many books have you written?
  7. Mike has invited many friends to his birthday party.
  8. He has been hating oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have been taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Irene has left for the airport.
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Ответы к упражнениям

  1. has been learning
  2. have already flown
  3. have known
  4. has forgotten
  5. have been watching
  6. has just come
  7. haven’t had
  8. has been teaching
  9. has been painting
  10. have been collecting
  11. have been
  12. has been
  1. I have been reading Tolstoy stories in the park for two hours.
  2. I have read three stories.
  3. Granny has been knitting in the living room since morning.
  4. Helen has been traveling round Europe for 3 weeks.
  5. She has already visited 3 countries.
  1. haven’t seen
  2. has been doing
  3. have not heard
  4. have been driving
  5. has failed
  6. has made
  7. has not passed
  8. has been worrying
  9. has been studying
  10. has not taken
  11. have had
  12. have known
  13. has been eating
  14. have never heard
  1. (How long has he been waiting?)
  2. (How many books has he translated?)
  3. (How long has she been cooking?)
  4. (How many countries has he visited?)
  5. (How long have they been decorating the fir-tree?)
  6. (How long have they been married?)
  1. My wife has been drawing for 5 years, but she has not sold a single picture.
  2. I am glad that we have finished this work.
  3. My hands are dirty. I have been working in the garden.
  4. Nick has eaten all the sweets.
  5. Have you ever played chess?
  1. They have been discussing the problem for hours, but have not solved it yet.
  2. Correct
  3. Is it still raining? No, it has
  4. John has won the championship two times.
  5. The boys have been fishing for 3 hours.
  6. Correct
  7. Correct
  8. He has hated oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Correct

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10 Комментариев для «Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous»

He has been hating oranges since his childhood.

почему здесь ошибка?

Настя, глагол to hate нельзя употреблять в Continuous (почитайте здесь правило)

Можно ли, в 11 вопросе 3-го задания, использовать Continious? Глагол to have употребляется во временах Continuous в сочетании с некоторыми существительными, с которыми он образует смысловое целое. «To have a haedache» — «иметь головную боль». Таким образом, можем ли мы написать: I have been having a haedache since I got up?

To have a headache — нельзя употреблять в continuous,

но вы правы, есть такие выражения, которые употреблять можно, например: to have dinner

Почему в 3.9. не Presen Simple?

She studies the driver’s manual for hours every day.

She has been studying the driver’s manual for hours every day.

Только потому, что в условии данное время не заявлено

Мне кажется, здесь можно сказать, как результат, т.к. здесь не упоминается время.

5.3 I have worked in the garden.s are dirty. I have been working in the garden. My hands are dirty.

Ирина, в данном контексте нельзя.

Добрый день! Подскажите, почему в 5.4 the sweets. Артикль перед множественным числом?

Nick has eaten all the sweets. — Не все конфеты, а те конфеты, которые у него были.

All children love chocolate – Все дети любят шоколад.

All the children in the building were evacuated – Все дети в здании были эвакуированы.

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Упражнения «Сравнение времен Past Perfect — Past Perfect Continuous» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. Julia wanted to sit down as she . (stand) at work all day long. (Джулия хотела присесть, потому что она весь день на работе стояла на ногах.)
  2. She . (learn) “Eugene Onegin” by the autumn. (К осени она выучила «Евгения Онегина».)
  3. The rain stopped but there were a lot of puddles because it . (rain) cats and dogs. (Дождь прекратился, но было много луж, потому что лило как из ведра.)
  4. Olivia and Victor . (chat) via Skype for an hour when the connection broke. (Оливия и Виктор беседовали по скайпу в течение часа, когда связь прервалась.)
  5. They . (decorate) the New Year tree before the children arrived. (Они украсили новогоднюю елку до того, как прибыли дети.)
  6. Bob . (eat up) all the muffins by lunchtime. (Боб съел все маффины к обеду.)
  7. My sister . (do) the laundry since early morning. (Моя сестра занималась стиркой с самого раннего утра.)
  8. I knew that our parents . (grow) melons in their greenhouse since they bought the house. (Я знал, что наши родители выращивали дыни в теплице с тех пор, как купили дом.)
  9. He . (loose) much weight by the end of the year. (Он сильно похудел к концу года.)
  10. Brown understood the problems of his agency because he . (work) for it since 2005. (Мистер Браун понимал все проблемы своего агентства, поскольку работал в нем с 2005 года.)
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2. В каждой паре предложений поставьте глагол в одной из форм: Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

My head hurt because I . to music for three hours. – I knew the names of the robbers because I . to the news on TV.

They . a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. – They . a new block of flats by December.

By the time the sun went down the couple . over the Pacific ocean for five hours. – By the time the sun went down the couple . more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean.

Ответы:

  1. had been standing
  2. had learnt
  3. had rained
  4. had been chatting
  5. had decorated
  6. had eaten up
  7. had been doing
  8. had been growing
  9. had lost
  10. had been working
  1. My head hurt because I had been listening to music for three hours. (У меня болела голова, потому что я слушал музыку на протяжении трех часов.) – I knew the names of the robbers because I had listened to the news on TV. (Я знал имена грабителей, потому что слушал новости по телевизору.)
  2. They had been building a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. (Они строили новую школу в течение шести месяцев, когда произошло землетрясение.) – They had built a new block of flats by December. (Они построили новый многоквартирный дом к декабрю.)
  3. By the time the sun went down the couple had been flying over the Pacific ocean for five hours. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара уже летела над Тихим океаном в течение пяти часов.) – By the time the sun went down the couple had flown more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара пролетела над Тихим океаном более 500 километров.)

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Упражнения «Времена группы Perfect Continuous» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глагол в форму Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous или Future Perfect Continuous.

  1. She … German since 1970.
  2. She … German for 50 years by the year of 2020.
  3. She … German for 2 hours when her student fell asleep.
  1. Kate … for five hours before she reached the town.
  2. Kate … for a whole hour!
  3. Kate … for five hours by the time you get here.

2. Выберите в скобках подходящее слово или словосочетание. Переведите предложения.

  1. My friends had been living in Kabul for 2 years … (when the war breaks out/when the war broke out/when the war will break out).
  2. What has she been doing … (since 8 o’clock/for 8 o’clock/by 8 o’clock)?
  3. We shall have been working for 5 hours … (when you return/when you will return/when you returned) to our office by 6 p.m.
  4. It had been snowing for a day … (when I leave/when I left/when I will leave) home.
  5. I have been preparing for my exam … (since 2 days/for 2 days/by 2 days).
  6. How long had they been windsurfing … (when I see/when I saw/when I shall see) them?
  7. Sara will have been driving her bike for 6 months … (since Christmas/for Christmas/by Christmas).
  8. By the time . (our Mum wakes up/our Mum woke up/our Mum will wake up) we will have been flying over the ocean for a couple of hours.
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3. Поставьте глагол в скобках в необходимое время группы Perfect Continuous. Переведите.

  1. They … (to celebrate) their wedding since last Friday.
  2. I … (to play) the violin for a long time when my friends came.
  3. Wake up! You … (to sleep) for 12 hours already!
  4. We … (to sunbathe) on the beach for several hours by the time she reads our letter.
  5. The boy took the toys which little Mary … (to play) with.
  6. Tony … (to speak) on the phone since breakfast time.
  7. Mark … (to choose) a new telephone for an hour before he bought it.
  8. Liz … (to translate) the book for ages.
  9. He said he … (to wait) for us for half an hour.
  10. By tonight I … (to keep) to a diet for 2 weeks already.

Ответы:

  1. has been teaching (Она преподает немецкий с 1970 года.)
  2. will have been teaching (Она будет преподавать немецкий в течение 50 лет к 2020 году.)
  3. had been teaching (Она преподавала немецкий два часа, когда ее студент заснул.)
  4. had been riding a horse (Кейт проскакала на лошади пять часов до того, как добралась до города.)
  5. has been riding a horse (Кейт катается верхом на лошади целый час!)
  6. will have been riding a horse (Кейт будет скакать на лошади пять часов к тому времени, как ты туда доберешься.)
  1. when the war broke out (Мои друзья жили в Кабуле 2 года, когда разразилась война.)
  2. since 8 o’clock (Чем она занимается с 8 часов?)
  3. when you return (Мы будем работать в течение 5 часов, когда ты вернешься в наш офис к шести вечера.)
  4. when I left (Снег шел целый день, когда я вышел из дома.)
  5. for 2 days (Я готовлюсь к экзамену два дня.)
  6. when I saw (Как долго они занимались виндсерфингом, когда я их увидел?)
  7. by Christmas (Сара будет водить свой байк уже 6 месяцев к Рождеству.)
  8. our Mum wakes up (К тому времени, когда мама проснется, мы будем пролетать над океаном в течение пары часов.)
  1. have been celebrating (Они празднуют свою свадьбу с прошлой пятницы.)
  2. had been playing (Я долго играл на скрипке, когда пришли мои друзья.)
  3. have been sleeping (Просыпайся! Ты спишь уже 12 часов!)
  4. shall/will have been sunbathing (Мы будем загорать на пляже уже несколько часов к тому времени, когда она прочитает письмо.)
  5. had been playing (Мальчик взял игрушки, с которыми играла маленькая Мэри.)
  6. has been speaking (Тони разговаривает по телефону со времени завтрака.)
  7. had been choosing (Марк выбирал новый телефон целый час, прежде чем его купить.)
  8. has been translating (Лиза переводит книгу целую вечность.)
  9. had been waiting (Он сказал, что ждал нас полчаса.)
  10. shall/will have been keeping (К сегодняшнему вечеру я буду сидеть на диете уже 2 недели.)

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