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past perfect past или perfect continuous упражнения с ответами

Упражнения «Сравнение времен Past Perfect — Past Perfect Continuous» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

  1. Julia wanted to sit down as she . (stand) at work all day long. (Джулия хотела присесть, потому что она весь день на работе стояла на ногах.)
  2. She . (learn) “Eugene Onegin” by the autumn. (К осени она выучила «Евгения Онегина».)
  3. The rain stopped but there were a lot of puddles because it . (rain) cats and dogs. (Дождь прекратился, но было много луж, потому что лило как из ведра.)
  4. Olivia and Victor . (chat) via Skype for an hour when the connection broke. (Оливия и Виктор беседовали по скайпу в течение часа, когда связь прервалась.)
  5. They . (decorate) the New Year tree before the children arrived. (Они украсили новогоднюю елку до того, как прибыли дети.)
  6. Bob . (eat up) all the muffins by lunchtime. (Боб съел все маффины к обеду.)
  7. My sister . (do) the laundry since early morning. (Моя сестра занималась стиркой с самого раннего утра.)
  8. I knew that our parents . (grow) melons in their greenhouse since they bought the house. (Я знал, что наши родители выращивали дыни в теплице с тех пор, как купили дом.)
  9. He . (loose) much weight by the end of the year. (Он сильно похудел к концу года.)
  10. Brown understood the problems of his agency because he . (work) for it since 2005. (Мистер Браун понимал все проблемы своего агентства, поскольку работал в нем с 2005 года.)

2. В каждой паре предложений поставьте глагол в одной из форм: Past Perfect или Past Perfect Continuous.

My head hurt because I . to music for three hours. – I knew the names of the robbers because I . to the news on TV.

They . a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. – They . a new block of flats by December.

By the time the sun went down the couple . over the Pacific ocean for five hours. – By the time the sun went down the couple . more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean.

Ответы:

  1. had been standing
  2. had learnt
  3. had rained
  4. had been chatting
  5. had decorated
  6. had eaten up
  7. had been doing
  8. had been growing
  9. had lost
  10. had been working
  1. My head hurt because I had been listening to music for three hours. (У меня болела голова, потому что я слушал музыку на протяжении трех часов.) – I knew the names of the robbers because I had listened to the news on TV. (Я знал имена грабителей, потому что слушал новости по телевизору.)
  2. They had been building a new school for six months when there was an earthquake. (Они строили новую школу в течение шести месяцев, когда произошло землетрясение.) – They had built a new block of flats by December. (Они построили новый многоквартирный дом к декабрю.)
  3. By the time the sun went down the couple had been flying over the Pacific ocean for five hours. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара уже летела над Тихим океаном в течение пяти часов.) – By the time the sun went down the couple had flown more than 500 km over the Pacific ocean. (К тому времени, когда зашло солнце, пара пролетела над Тихим океаном более 500 километров.)

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Упражнения «Времена группы Perfect Continuous» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глагол в форму Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous или Future Perfect Continuous.

  1. She … German since 1970.
  2. She … German for 50 years by the year of 2020.
  3. She … German for 2 hours when her student fell asleep.
  1. Kate … for five hours before she reached the town.
  2. Kate … for a whole hour!
  3. Kate … for five hours by the time you get here.

2. Выберите в скобках подходящее слово или словосочетание. Переведите предложения.

  1. My friends had been living in Kabul for 2 years … (when the war breaks out/when the war broke out/when the war will break out).
  2. What has she been doing … (since 8 o’clock/for 8 o’clock/by 8 o’clock)?
  3. We shall have been working for 5 hours … (when you return/when you will return/when you returned) to our office by 6 p.m.
  4. It had been snowing for a day … (when I leave/when I left/when I will leave) home.
  5. I have been preparing for my exam … (since 2 days/for 2 days/by 2 days).
  6. How long had they been windsurfing … (when I see/when I saw/when I shall see) them?
  7. Sara will have been driving her bike for 6 months … (since Christmas/for Christmas/by Christmas).
  8. By the time . (our Mum wakes up/our Mum woke up/our Mum will wake up) we will have been flying over the ocean for a couple of hours.

3. Поставьте глагол в скобках в необходимое время группы Perfect Continuous. Переведите.

  1. They … (to celebrate) their wedding since last Friday.
  2. I … (to play) the violin for a long time when my friends came.
  3. Wake up! You … (to sleep) for 12 hours already!
  4. We … (to sunbathe) on the beach for several hours by the time she reads our letter.
  5. The boy took the toys which little Mary … (to play) with.
  6. Tony … (to speak) on the phone since breakfast time.
  7. Mark … (to choose) a new telephone for an hour before he bought it.
  8. Liz … (to translate) the book for ages.
  9. He said he … (to wait) for us for half an hour.
  10. By tonight I … (to keep) to a diet for 2 weeks already.

Ответы:

  1. has been teaching (Она преподает немецкий с 1970 года.)
  2. will have been teaching (Она будет преподавать немецкий в течение 50 лет к 2020 году.)
  3. had been teaching (Она преподавала немецкий два часа, когда ее студент заснул.)
  4. had been riding a horse (Кейт проскакала на лошади пять часов до того, как добралась до города.)
  5. has been riding a horse (Кейт катается верхом на лошади целый час!)
  6. will have been riding a horse (Кейт будет скакать на лошади пять часов к тому времени, как ты туда доберешься.)
  1. when the war broke out (Мои друзья жили в Кабуле 2 года, когда разразилась война.)
  2. since 8 o’clock (Чем она занимается с 8 часов?)
  3. when you return (Мы будем работать в течение 5 часов, когда ты вернешься в наш офис к шести вечера.)
  4. when I left (Снег шел целый день, когда я вышел из дома.)
  5. for 2 days (Я готовлюсь к экзамену два дня.)
  6. when I saw (Как долго они занимались виндсерфингом, когда я их увидел?)
  7. by Christmas (Сара будет водить свой байк уже 6 месяцев к Рождеству.)
  8. our Mum wakes up (К тому времени, когда мама проснется, мы будем пролетать над океаном в течение пары часов.)
  1. have been celebrating (Они празднуют свою свадьбу с прошлой пятницы.)
  2. had been playing (Я долго играл на скрипке, когда пришли мои друзья.)
  3. have been sleeping (Просыпайся! Ты спишь уже 12 часов!)
  4. shall/will have been sunbathing (Мы будем загорать на пляже уже несколько часов к тому времени, когда она прочитает письмо.)
  5. had been playing (Мальчик взял игрушки, с которыми играла маленькая Мэри.)
  6. has been speaking (Тони разговаривает по телефону со времени завтрака.)
  7. had been choosing (Марк выбирал новый телефон целый час, прежде чем его купить.)
  8. has been translating (Лиза переводит книгу целую вечность.)
  9. had been waiting (Он сказал, что ждал нас полчаса.)
  10. shall/will have been keeping (К сегодняшнему вечеру я буду сидеть на диете уже 2 недели.)
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The Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнения с ответами

Прошедшее совершенное длительное время употребляется, когда:

  • подчеркивается длительность действия, которое началось и закончилось в прошлом перед другим действием в прошлом. She had been living in our city for five years before she moved to the countryside. Она жила в нашем городе 5 лет перед тем, как переехать жить в село.
  • действие началось и закончилось в прошлом и его косвенные результаты видны в прошлом. The boys had been playing in the garden all day so their clothes were dirty. Мальчики играли в саду весь день, поэтому их одежда была грязной (результат их игры отражался в прошлом).
  • She has been working as a shop-assistant for ten years in this shop. Она работает в этом магазине 10 лет (работала до этого и все еще работает).
  • She had been working as a shop-assistant for ten years in this shop. Она работала в этом магазине 10 лет (больше не работает).

Exercise 1. Опираясь на образец, дополните предложения в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

Example: … before we came from the supermarket. Liz/ to clean/the flat/for two hours.— Liz had been cleaning the flat for two hours before we came from the supermarket.

  1. … before Tom came to the court. Helen/to play/tennis/for an hour and a half.
  2. … before he retired. Mr Black/to work/as a lawyer/for twenty-five years.
  3. … when the bus arrived. We/ to wait/f or forty minutes.
  4. Sheila looked tired because She/to sew/a dress/for her little daughter/all day.
  5. Before Jack got to level four …. Не/to play/the same game/for three hours.
  6. Mike’s neighbours were angry because …. Не/to listen/to loud music/for four hours/yesterday evening.
  7. Everybody was very hungry because …. They/to work/all day/without/а break for lunch.
  8. … when suddenly the car broke down. We/ to drive/for five hours.
  9. … before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. They/to fly/for six hours.
  10. … since Easter. Alex and Den/to prepare/for the exams.

Answers: 1. Helen had been playing tennis for an hour and a half before Tom came to the court. 2. Mr Black had been working as a lawyer for twenty-five years before he retired. 3. We had been waiting for forty minutes when the bus arrived. 4.Sheila looked tired because she had been sewing a dress for her little daughter all day. 5. Before Jack got to level four he had been playing the same game for three hours. 6. Mike’s neighbours were angry because he had been listening to loud music for four hours yesterday evening. 7. Everybody was very hungry because they had been working all day without a break for lunch. 8. We had been driving for five hours when suddenly the car broke down. 9. They had been flying for six hours before the plane landed in the airport late in the evening yesterday. 10. Alex and Den had been preparing for the exam since Easter.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

  1. My sister … (to practise) for two months before that concert.
  2. The boys … (to fish) for three hours before Tom caught the first fish.
  3. We … (to discuss) that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution.
  4. Henry … (to wait) for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram.
  5. Driving to the hospital was difficult as it … (to snow) all night.
  6. Polly … (to study) economy since she entered university.
  7. Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he … (to collect) them since he was a schoolboy.
  8. When Sam returned home we … (to watch) that TV programme for a quarter of an hour already.
  9. Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he … (to play) snowballs with his friends in the yard.
  10. David was irritated because the police inspector … (to ask) him questions for more than an hour.

Answers: 1. My sister had been practising for two months before that concert. 2.The boys had been fishing for three hours before Tom caught the first fish. 3.We had been discussing that problem for more than an hour before we found the right solution. 4. Henry had been waiting for half an hour before he saw his girlfriend getting off the tram. 5. Driving to the hospital was difficult as it had been snowing all night. 6. Polly had been studying economy since she entered university. 7.Ron’s collection of coins was valuable as he had been collecting them since he was a schoolboy. 8. When Sam returned home we had been watching that TV programme for quarter of an hour already. 9. Bill’s coat and mittens were wet because he had been playing snowballs with his friends in the yard. 10. David was irritated because the police inspector had been asking him questions for more than an hour.

Exercise 3. Сделайте предложения отрицательными и вопросительными.

  1. Brian had been trying to find a better job for three weeks.
  2. Little Johnny had been riding his new bike all day yesterday.
  3. Robert and Frank had been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday.
  4. Julia had been typing the report all the morning yesterday.
  5. It had been raining all night last Tuesday.
  6. The Smiths had been building their house for four years.
  7. We had been skating for three hours yesterday.
  8. You had been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday.
  9. The twins had been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them.
  10. Molly had been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening.

Answers: 1. Brian hadn’t been trying to find a better job for three weeks. Had Brian been trying to find a better job for three weeks? 2. Little Johnny hadn’t been riding his new bike all day yesterday. Had little Johnny been riding his new bike all day yesterday? 3. Robert and Frank hadn’t been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday. Had Robert and Frank been fixing that computer for two hours yesterday? 4. Julia hadn’t been typing the report all the morning yesterday. Had Julia been typing the report all the morning yesterday? 5.It hadn’t been raining all night last Tuesday. Had it been raining all night last Tuesday? 6. The Smiths hadn’t been building their house for four years. Had the Smiths been building their house for four years? 7. We hadn’t been skating for three hours yesterday. Had we been skating for three hours yesterday? 8. You hadn’t been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday. Had you been decorating the classroom for more than two hours last Saturday? 9. The twins hadn’t been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them. Had the twins been fighting in the backyard when their mother saw them? 10. Molly hadn’t been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening. Had Molly been speaking on the phone for an hour and a half yesterday evening?

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Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. It … (to snow) for five hours before the weather changed.
  2. Betty and Jane … (to argue) for half an hour when their parents returned home.
  3. Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he … (to prepare) his project all day yesterday.
  4. … Isabel… (to work) as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she …. She … (to work) as a secretary just for two years.
  5. … Pete … (to play) computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he …. He … (to write) an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk.
  6. Jean … (not to wait) for our boss all the morning yesterday. She … (to speak) to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank.
  7. Kevin was exhausted because he … (to unload) the lorry for three hours.
  8. I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he … (to prepare) for it for half a year.
  9. … you … (to save) money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I… . I… (not to spend) a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum.
  10. Cathy and Sue … (to tidy) our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.

Answers: 1. It had been snowing for five hours before the weather changed. 2. Betty and Jane had been arguing for half an hour when their parents returned home. 3. Why did Ed miss his training yesterday? — He couldn’t come because he had been preparing his project all day yesterday. 4. Had Isabel been working as a secretary for four years before she moved to another town? — No, she hadn’t. She had been working as a secretary just for two years. 5. Had Pete been playing computer games all the evening last Friday? — No, he hadn’t. He had been writing an essay for two hours and then he went for a walk. 6. Jean hadn’t been waiting for our boss all the morning yesterday. She had been speaking to some clients for about an hour and then she went to the bank. 7. Kevin was exhausted because he had been unloading the lorry for three hours. 8.I was really happy that Ron won that competition because he had been preparing for it for half a year. 9. Had you been saving money for a new computer for a long time? — Yes, I had. I hadn’t been spending a penny for six months before I got a sufficient sum. 10. Cathy and Sue had been tidying our cottage house for two days after that birthday party.

Составляя специальные вопросы в прошедшем совершенном длительном времени, слова располагают в таком порядке: вопросительное слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол had, подлежащее, глагол been и смысловой глагол с окончанием -іng.
Wh-word + had + l/you/he/she/it/we/they + been + Ving?

Например:
What had he been doing before the concert began yesterday? Что он делал вчера перед началом концерта?
Who had been working in the garden since 3 o’clock last Monday? Кто работал в саду с трех часов в прошлый понедельник?

Exercise 5. Составьте вопрос к выделенным словосочетаниям (к каждому словосочетанию к скобкам нужно поставить один вопрос).

  1. (We) had been preparing (for the Art Festival) (for a month).
  2. (Nora) (had been swimming) (in the pool) (for an hour) before the rain started.
  3. The boys (had been eating (hamburgers)) (in the park) yesterday.
  4. Gordon had been reading (the article) (about new software) (for half an hour) yesterday.
  5. Helen (had been speaking) (to her friend) on the phone (for two hours) yesterday.

Answers: 1. Who had been preparing for the Art Festival for a month? What had we been doing for a month? For what had we been preparing for a month? How long had we been preparing for the Art Festival? 2. Who had been swimming in the pool for an hour before the rain started? What had Nora been doing for an hour before the rain started? Where had Nora been swimming for an hour before the rain started? How long had Nora been swimming in the pool before the rain started? 3. What had the boys been doing in the park yesterday? What had the boys been eating in the park yesterday? Where had the boys been eating hamburgers? 4. What had Gordon been reading for half an hour yesterday? What article had Gordon been reading for half an hour yesterday? How long had Gordon been reading the article about new software yesterday? 5. What had Helen been doing for two hours yesterday? Who had Helen been speaking to on the phone for two hours yesterday? How long had Helen been speaking to her friend on the phone?

Exercise 6. Составьте предложения, используя the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

  1. We/to wait/outdoors/for twenty minutes/before/he/opened the door.
  2. What/Sally/to cook/when/you/came/home/ yesterday?
  3. How long/you/to repair/your car/before/Nick/ started/to help/you?
  4. Sarah/to collect/dolls/since/she/ was/a girl.
  5. Where/they/to come/f rom/when/you/met/them/ yesterday?
  6. Who/to sing/karaoke/all the evening/yesterday?
  7. Greg/to study/for his final exams/all last month?
  8. They/ to drive/for five hours/when/they/ran out of petrol.
  9. Tony/ to sleep/for an hour/before/you/woke/him up.
  10. Our chief/ to discuss/some affairs/with our business partners/for two hours/last Wednesday.

Answers: 1. We had been waiting outdoors for twenty minutes before he opened the door. 2.What had Sally been cooking when you came home yesterday? 3. How long had you been repairing your car before Nick started to help you? 4. Sarah had been collecting dolls since she was a girl. 5.Where had they been coming from when you met them yesterday? 6. Who had been singing karaoke all the evening yesterday? 7. Had Greg been studying for his final exams all last month? 8. They had been driving for five hours when they ran out of petrol. 9. Tony had been sleeping for an hour before you woke him up. 10. Our chief had been discussing some affairs with our business partners for two hours last Wednesday.

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Exercise 7. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. Where … Robert… (to work) since 4 o’clock yesterday? — He … (to fix) a fence in the garden.
  2. What… Wendy … (to do) in the studio for three hours last Monday? — She … (to prepare) some of her pictures for the exhibition.
  3. Why … you … (to hurry) when I met you last Friday, James? — I … (to go) to the railway station to meet my uncle. I was afraid to be late.
  4. It… (to rain) heavily when Mr Scott stopped his car in front of a cafe. He wanted to have lunch because he … (not to eat) since early morning.
  5. What … the students … (to write) since 9 o’clock yesterday morning? — They … (to write) a test on Psychology.
  6. How long … Janet… (to work) in the office before she went home yesterday? — She … (to make) photocopies of some documents for the boss for about an hour and then she … (to type) some letters for two hours before her working day was over.
  7. The government… (to carry) on negotiations with the terrorists for three days before they reached some agreement.
  8. Stuart… (to try) to call you for a quarter of an hour before you finally answered the phone.
  9. Emily felt horrible yesterday because she … (not to sleep) all night.
  10. Why was Janet so angry last Friday? — Because she … (to argue) with her parents for an hour.

Answers: 1. Where had Robert been working since 4 o’clock yesterday? — He had been fixing a fence in the garden. 2.What had Wendy been doing in the studio for three hours last Monday? — She had been preparing some of her pictures for the exhibition. 3.Why had you been hurrying when I met you last Friday, James? — I had been going to the railway station to meet my uncle. I was afraid to be late. 4.It had been raining heavily when Mr Scott stopped his car in front of a cafe. He wanted to have lunch because he hadn’t been eating since early morning. 5. What had the students been writing since 9 o’clock yesterday morning? — They had been writing a test on Psychology. 6. How long had Janet been working in the office before she went home yesterday? — She had been making photocopies of some documents for the boss for about an hour and then she had been typing some letters for two hours before her working day was over. 7. The government had been carrying on negotiations with the terrorists for three days before they reached some agreement. 8. Stuart had been trying to call you for a quarter of an hour before you finally answered the phone. 9.Emily felt horrible yesterday because she hadn’t been sleeping all night. 10. Why was Janet so angry last Friday? — Because she had been arguing with her parents for an hour.

Exercise 8. Найдите ошибки и исправьте их.

  1. Ann had been done the ironing for two hours yesterday.
  2. We had tried to catch a taxi for twenty-five minutes last Sunday before we managed to stop one.
  3. Margaret had been not surfing the Net all day yesterday.
  4. Nigel had being trying to get in touch with you for a week.
  5. Had been they waiting for a bus for half an hour last Wednesday?
  6. How long Nelly had been speaking on the phone yesterday?
  7. Had Sue been sunbathing all day yesterday? — No, she had.
  8. They have been dancing for more than an hour yesterday before Helen got tired.
  9. Who had played the piano in your room from 3 to 4 o’clock yesterday?
  10. Why had been crying your baby all the morning yesterday?

Answers: 1. Ann had been doing the ironing for two hours yesterday. 2.We had been trying to catch a taxi for twenty-five minutes last Sunday before we managed to stop one. 3.Margaret hadn’t been surfing the Net all day yesterday. 4.Nigel had been trying to get in touch with you for a week. 5. Had they been waiting for a bus for half an hour last Wednesday? 6. How long had Nelly been speaking on the phone yesterday? 7. Had Sue been sunbathing all day yesterday? — No, she hadn’t. 8.They had been dancing for more than an hour yesterday before Helen got tired. 9. Who had been playing the piano in your room from 3 to 4 o’clock yesterday? 10. Why had your baby been crying all the morning yesterday?

Exercise 9. Переведите на английский язык.

  1. Вчера девочки целый день помогали мне собирать яблоки в саду.
  2. Менеджер вчера разговаривал с клиентами больше двух часов.
  3. На прошлой неделе мы готовились к экзаменам с понедельника по четверг.
  4. Я вчера не пользовался компьютером с пяти до семи часов вчера.
  5. Вчера вы тренировались в спортзале 2 часа? — Да, мы тренировались с шести до восьми часов вчера.
  6. Как долго мальчики вчера катались на велосипедах? — Они катались около трех часов.
  7. Почему он вчера целый день работал в библиотеке? — Он весь день готовился к конференции.
  8. Какой фильм дети смотрели вчера с девяти вечера? — Они смотрели какую-то комедию.
  9. Какие документы ваш секретарь готовил целый день в прошлый вторник? — Он готовил отчеты для наших торговых партнеров.
  10. Что учитель вам вчера объяснял на первом уроке? — Он объяснял правила грамматики.

Answers: 1. The girls had been helping me to gather apples in the garden all day yesterday. 2. The manager had been talking to a client for more than two hours yesterday. 3. Last week we had been preparing for the exam from Monday till Thursday. 4. I hadn’t been using the computer from five till seven o’clock yesterday. 5. Had you been training in the gym for two hours yesterday? — Yes, we had been training from six till eight o’clock in the evening. 6. How long had the boys been riding their bikes yesterday? — They had been riding for about three hours. 7. Why had he been working in the library all day yesterday? — He had been preparing for the conference all day. 8.What film had the children been watching since nine o’clock in the evening yesterday? — They had been watching some comedy. 9. What documents had your secretary been preparing all day last Tuesday? — He had been preparing the reports for our trade partners. 10. What had the teacher been explaining to you at the first lesson? — He had been explaining new grammar rules.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. III уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2013. — 320 с.

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