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have something done упражнения с ответами

Упражнения «Конструкция have something done» (с ответами)

1. Перепишите предложения, используя конструкцию “have something done”. Обратите внимание на временную форму глагола.

Н-р: She didn’t cut her hair herself. (Она не стригла свои волосы сама.) – She had her hair cut. (Она подстриглась.)

  1. Tim didn’t clean the windows himself. (Тим не мыл окна сам.)
  2. Mary doesn’t usually deliver the food to her house herself. (Обычно Мэри не приносит продукты домой сама.)
  3. Fred hasn’t washed his car himself. (Фред не мыл машину сам.)
  4. My husband isn’t testing his eye-sight himself. (Мой муж не проверяет свое зрение сам.)
  5. I won’t check my blood pressure myself. (Я не буду сам измерять свое кровяное давление.)
  6. Jane didn’t service her car herself. (Джейн не обслуживала свою машину сама.)
  7. They will not mend the roof of the house themselves. (Они не будут сами ремонтировать крышу дома.)
  8. She isn’t making the curtains herself. (Она не шьет шторы сама.)
  9. I didn’t remove this coffee stain from the suit myself. (Я не сам выводил пятно от кофе с костюма.)
  10. We don’t X-ray our chests ourselves. (Мы не сами делаем рентгеновский снимок грудной клетки.)

2. Используйте глагол из скобок в конструкции “have something done” в необходимой временной форме. Добавьте необходимые слова. Переведите предложения.

Н-р: I think I can afford to . (my house/paint). – I think I can afford to have my house painted . (Думаю, я могу себе позволить, чтобы мне покрасили дом.)

  1. Fred . (the meat/cut) into small pieces at the butcher’s now.
  2. You must . (your grey boots/repair).
  3. I forgot to . (the oil level and tyres/check) in my car.
  4. Bob . (his new watch/mend) almost every month.
  5. We are going to . (our flat/decorate) next weekend.
  6. Sheila . (that lovely dress/make) by Mrs. Stewart yesterday.
  7. They just . (central heating/install) in the house.
  8. You should go and . (your photograph/take) for a new passport tomorrow.
  9. My daughter wants to . (her ears/pierce).
  10. My dad . (his tooth/pull out) two days ago.

3. Напишите о неприятных событиях, используя конструкцию “have something done”.

Н-р: The singer’s concert was cancelled because of bad weather. (Концерт певца был отменен из-за плохой погоды.) – The singer had his concert cancelled because of bad weather.

  1. Fred’s glasses were broken. (Очки Фреда были разбиты.)
  2. Sam’s bike was stolen from the garage. (Велосипед Сэма был украден из гаража.)
  3. My driving license was taken away by the police. (Мои водительские права отняли полицейские.)
  4. His wallet was stolen in the crowd. (Его бумажник украли в толпе.)
  5. Harry’s nose was broken in a fight. (Нос Гарри был разбит в драке.)
  6. Sarah’s hat was blown off by the wind. (Шляпу Сары унесло ветром.)

Ответы:

  1. Tim had the windows cleaned.
  2. Mary usually has the food delivered to her house.
  3. Fred has had his car washed.
  4. My husband is having his eye-sight tested.
  5. I will have my blood pressure checked.
  6. Jane had her car serviced.
  7. They will have the roof of the house mended.
  8. She is having the curtains made.
  9. I had this coffee stain removed from the suit.
  10. We have our chests X-rayed.
  1. is having the meat cut (Сейчас в мясной лавке для Фреда нарезают мясо на маленькие кусочки.)
  2. have your grey boots repaired (Тебе нужно починить свои серые ботинки.)
  3. have the oil level and tyres checked (Я забыл проверить уровень масла и шины в машине.)
  4. has his new watch mended (Бобу ремонтируют его новые часы почти каждый месяц.)
  5. have our flat decorated (Нам собираются отделывать квартиру в следующие выходные.)
  6. had that lovely dress made (Миссис Стюарт сшила для Шейлы то милое платье вчера.)
  7. have just had central heating installed (Им только что установили центральное отопление в доме.)
  8. have your photograph taken (Тебе нужно сходить сфотографироваться на новый паспорт завтра.)
  9. have her ears pierced (Моя дочь хочет, чтобы ей прокололи уши.)
  10. had his tooth pulled out (Моему папе удалили зуб два дня назад.)
  1. Fred had his glasses broken.
  2. Sam had his bike stolen from the garage.
  3. I had my driving license taken away by the police.
  4. He had his wallet stolen in the crowd.
  5. Harry had his nose broken in a fight.
  6. Sarah had her hat blown off by the wind.
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Источник

Конструкция have something done

Изучите следующую ситуацию:

Крыша дома Лизы была повреждена во время шторма. Вчера пришел работник и починил ее.

Lisa had the roof repaired yesterday.

Это означает: Лиза договорилась, чтобы кто-нибудь другой починил крышу. Сама она ее не чинила.

Мы используем have something done, чтобы сказать, что мы договарились, что кто-то другой сделает что-то для нас. Сравните:

  • Lisa repaired the roof. (= она починила ее сама)
    Lisa had the roof repaired. (= кто-то другой починил крышу Лизе )
  • ‘Did you make those curtains yourself?’ ‘Yes, I enjoy making things.’
    ‘Did you have those curtains made?’ ‘No, I made them myself.’

Будьте внимательнее с порядком слов. The past participle (причастие прошедшего времени — repaired/cut и т.д.) после the object (дополнения):

have object past participle
Lisa had the roof repaired yesterday.
Where did you have your hair cut?
Your hair looks nice. Have you had it cut?
Our neighbour has just had a garage built.
We are having the house painted at the moment.
How often do you have your car serviced?
I think you should have that coat cleaned.
I don’t like having my photograph taken.

Вы также можете сказать ‘get something done’ вместо ‘have something done’ (в основном, в неформальном разговорном английском):

  • When are you going to get the roof repaired? (= have the roof repaired)
  • I think you should get your hair cut really short.

Иногда have something done имеет другое значение. Например:

  • Paul and Karen had all their money stolen while they were on holiday.

Это не означает, что они договорились с кем-нибудь, чтобы те украли у них деньги. (Хотя кто их знает, правда?) ‘They had all their money stolen’ означает: ‘All their money was stolen from them’ (У них украли все деньги или досл.: Все их деньги были украдены у них).

Мы используем have something done с этим значением, чтобы сказать, что что-то случилось с кем-то или с чьими-то принадлежностями. Обычно ничего приятного в таких ситуациях не происходит:

  • Gary had his nose broken in a fight. (= ему сломали нос)
  • Have you ever had your passport stolen?

Упражнения

1. Отметьте ( ) правильное предложение, (a) или (b), для каждой картинки.

(a) Sarah is cutting her hair.

(b) Sarah is having her hair cut.

(a) Bill is cutting his hair.

(b) Bill is having his hair cut.

(a) John is cleaning his shoes.

(b) John is having his shoes cleaned.

(a) Sue is taking a photograph.

(b) Sue is having her photograph taken.

2. Ответьте на вопросы, используя To have something done. Выберите слова из:

Источник

Упражнения по английскому языку. CAUSITIVE FORM TO HAVE SOMETHING DONE

TO HAVE SOMETHING DONE

1. Rewrite the following passages in the active or passive,

A Rosemary Hills train station was built by Sean Carlton and his wife Sharon in 1894. For the construction of the waiting room, the Carltons had imported red brick from England. The President himself opened the station in 1896. That year, a steam locomotive visited Rosemary Hills for the first time. It was pumping clouds of white smoke and whistling loudly enough to be heard by all the townspeople.

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B The news reporter announced that the police are looking for a man who broke into the National Bank. The thief cut the wires of the alarm and then broke into the bank’s city centre branch some time late last night. The thief stole £500,000 from the bank. The police are searching the city centre as they believe the thief is still in the area.

2. Rewrite these sentences using have + object + past participle (have something done) and changing some words if necessary.

Example: Someone delivers the newspapers. (We)

We have the newspapers delivered.

Someone cleaned the carpets every year. (I)

I had the carpets cleaned every year.

Their house needs painting. (They’re going to)

They’re going to have their house painted.

1. We ask someone to check the accounts every month. (We)

2. Someone sends the money to my bank account in London. (I)

3. My stereo isn’t working properly. It needs cleaning. (I’m going to)

4. My camera’s being repaired at the moment. (I’m)

5. He spilt coffee on my jacket so he took it away for cleaning. (He spilt coffee on my jacket so he)

6. I think it’s time to service the car. (It’s time to)

7. I don’t like the office curtains. It’s time to change them. (I think I’ll)

8. There’s something wrong with the typewriter. It needs repairing. (I think I’ll)

9. The computer’s no good: we’re changing it. (We)

10. I send the films to England: they are processed there. (I)

3. Rewrite the sentences using have something done.

Example: The money was deposited in his bank account by the company.

He had the money deposited in his bank account.

1. Sarah’s new fridge will be delivered tomorrow.

2. Tim’s car was serviced last week.

3. Mrs Scott’s cat was examined by the vet yesterday.

4. Paul’s house will be painted next weekend.

5. Mr Brown’s book has just been published.

6. Becky’s hair is done every week.

7. Edward’s dinner was cooked by his mother yesterday.

8. Jane’s living room is going to be redecorated next month.

9. My eyes are tested by the optician.

10. Somebody stole my car last weekend.

4. Rewrite the sentences using have something done.

Example: My windows are cleaned twice a month.

I have my windows cleaned twice a month.

1. The star’s latest film has just been released.

2. Their swimming pool will be drained.

3. The carpets must be laid in our flat by Monday.

4. The brakes on my bicycle have been oiled.

5. Our desks are being painted at the moment.

6. Her bookcase was delivered last week.

7. A new computer has been ordered for me.

8. Annie’s sculptures are going to be exhibited tomorrow.

9. A skateboard was being made for Tim.

10. He told the student to clean the board.

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CAUSITIVE FORM

TO HAVE SOMETHING DONE

1. Rewrite the following passages in the active or passive,

accordingly.

A Rosemary Hills train station was built by Sean Carlton and his wife Sharon in 1894. For the construction of the waiting room, the Carltons had imported red brick from England. The President himself opened the station in 1896. That year, a steam locomotive visited Rosemary Hills for the first time. It was pumping clouds of white smoke and whistling loudly enough to be heard by all the townspeople.

B The news reporter announced that the police are looking for a man who broke into the National Bank. The thief cut the wires of the alarm and then broke into the bank’s city centre branch some time late last night. The thief stole £500,000 from the bank. The police are searching the city centre as they believe the thief is still in the area.

2. Rewrite these sentences using have + object + past participle (have something done) and changing some words if necessary.

Example: Someone delivers the newspapers. (We)

We have the newspapers delivered.

Someone cleaned the carpets every year. (I)

I had the carpets cleaned every year.

Their house needs painting. (They’re going to)

They’re going to have their house painted.

1. We ask someone to check the accounts every month. (We)

2. Someone sends the money to my bank account in London. (I)

3. My stereo isn’t working properly. It needs cleaning. (I’m going to)

4. My camera’s being repaired at the moment. (I’m)

5. He spilt coffee on my jacket so he took it away for cleaning. (He spilt coffee on my jacket so he)

6. I think it’s time to service the car. (It’s time to)

7. I don’t like the office curtains. It’s time to change them. (I think I’ll)

8. There’s something wrong with the typewriter. It needs repairing. (I think I’ll)

9. The computer’s no good: we’re changing it. (We)

10. I send the films to England: they are processed there. (I)

3. Rewrite the sentences using have something done.

Example: The money was deposited in his bank account by the company.

He had the money deposited in his bank account.

1. Sarah’s new fridge will be delivered tomorrow.

2. Tim’s car was serviced last week.

3. Mrs Scott’s cat was examined by the vet yesterday.

4. Paul’s house will be painted next weekend.

5. Mr Brown’s book has just been published.

6. Becky’s hair is done every week.

7. Edward’s dinner was cooked by his mother yesterday.

8. Jane’s living room is going to be redecorated next month.

9. My eyes are tested by the optician.

10. Somebody stole my car last weekend.

4. Rewrite the sentences using have something done.

Example: My windows are cleaned twice a month.

I have my windows cleaned twice a month.

1. The star’s latest film has just been released.

2. Their swimming pool will be drained.

3. The carpets must be laid in our flat by Monday.

4. The brakes on my bicycle have been oiled.

5. Our desks are being painted at the moment.

6. Her bookcase was delivered last week.

7. A new computer has been ordered for me.

8. Annie’s sculptures are going to be exhibited tomorrow.

9. A skateboard was being made for Tim.

10. He told the student to clean the board.

Источник

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