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Future perfect: упражнения с ответами

Сегодня предлагаю Вам отработать Future Perfect . Несколько упражнений с ответами позволят Вам вспомнить и закрепить данное английское время. Возможно, Вам полезно будет повторить:

Теперь можно преступить к упражнениям на отработку Future Perfect.

Future Perfect Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Вставьте глагол во времени Future Perfect.

  1. I ________ a Londoner for five and a half years by next September. (be)
  2. By Tuesday Jill ________ these novels by O’Henry. (finish)
  3. Next year is Fred and Kate’s 10th wedding anniversary. They _________ happily married for ten years. (be)
  4. Molly thinks the film _________ by the time she gets to Fred’s. (to start)
  5. They _________ the plans by then. (to finish)
  6. Before his holiday Tom _______ all his money. (to spend)
  7. The train _________ by the time the couple get to the station. (to leave)
  8. I __________ dinner by then. (cook)
  9. I _______my chemistry homework before Jillian comes home. (finish)
  10. Fernando __________ his operation by August and should be much fitter. (have)
  11. Before Lisa arrives, I _________ dinner. (finish)
  12. Johnny ___________ this document by 7pm o’clock this afternoon. (translate)
  13. Helen _______ this awesome doll by her daughter’s birthday. (make)
  14. Steven ________ his lesson by tomorrow. (not/learn)
  15. This test is so arduous, that I _________ it in a day’s time. (not/complete)
  16. You __________ over half a thousand words when you finish this English book (learn).
  17. The commission _________ to a definite decision in a month. (come)
  18. I won’t see Molly on the 1 st of August since I _________ to the South by that time. (go)

Упражнение 2. Ответьте, используя Future Perfect Tense и слова в скобках.

Example: Will Jill be busy at 6pm? (finish essay)

Oh, no, Jilly will have finished her essay by that time.

  1. Will the couple be at their hotel on Monday? (move to the old beach house)
  2. Will the committee be discussing the project at 2 o’clock? (make a decision)
  3. Will the pupils be writing their test at ten? (finish)
  4. Will Mike’s niece still be a pupil next autumn? (finish school)
  5. Will Greg still remember Molly in ten years? (forget)
  6. Will Greg be at home on Tuesday? (leave for China)

Упражнение 3. Составьте предложения во времени Future Perfect.

  1. have / Jill / she / perfected / will / from / her / by the time / Japanese / comes / Tokyo.
  2. promotion /Melody / have / By December / will / her / received.
  3. get home / Helen’s / cleaned / By the time / relatives / she / will / the house / have.
  4. to communicate / Steven / he / learned / Will / have / well / Chinese / before / enough / flies to Beijing?
  5. finishes / have / By the time / twenty / taken / Jillian’s father / that course / he / will / online tests.

Упражнение 4. Translate into English using Future Perfect.

  1. Майкл закончит этот отчет до завтра.
  2. Студенты доделают работу к трем часам по полудню.
  3. К июню мы сдадим сессию.
  4. Строители построят школу к началу сентября.
  5. Я напишу заявление к тому времени, как приедет секретарь.
  6. Поезд уйдет, пока мы доберемся до станции.
  7. Зоя переведет этот доклад к понедельнику.
  8. К ночи Меган переведет эту длинную статью.
  9. Стивен уже уедет в Париж, когда Молли вернется из Конго.
  10. Зора не дочитает эту дурацкую книгу к концу года.

Ответы к упражнениям на Future Perfect.

1 will have been, 2 will have finished, 3 will have been, 4 will have started, 5 will have finished, 6 will have spent, 7 will have left, 8 will have cooked, 9 will have finished, 10 will have had, 11 will have finished, 12 will have translated, 13 will have made, 14 won’t have learnt / learned, 15 won’t have completed, 16 will have learnt / learned, 17 will have come, 18 will have gone.

  1. Oh, no, the couple will have moved to the old beach house.
  2. Oh, no, the committee will have made a decision by then.
  3. Oh, no, the pupils will have finished their test by 10.
  4. Oh, no, Mike’s niece will have finished school by next autumn.
  5. Oh, no, Greg will have forgotten Molly.
  6. Oh, no, Greg will have left for China by Tuesday.
  • Jill will have perfected her Japanese by the time she comes from Tokyo.
  • By December, Melody will have received her promotion.
  • By the time Helen’s relatives gets home, she will have cleaned the house.
  • Will Steven have learned Chinese well enough to communicate before he flies to Beijing?
  • By the time Jillian’s father finishes that course, he will have taken twenty online tests.
  1. Michael will have finished this report by tomorrow.
  2. The students will have finished the work by 3pm.
  3. By June, we’ll have passed our exams.
  4. The builders will have built a school by September.
  5. I will have written an application by the time the secretary comes.
  6. The train will have left before we get to the station.
  7. Zoe will have translated the report by Monday.
  8. By night, Megan will have translated this long article.
  9. Steven will have left for Paris when Molly comes back from the Congo.
  10. Zora won’t have read the stupid book by the end of the year.
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Надеюсь, Вы сочли полезными эти Future Perfect упражнения.

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The Future Perfect Tense. Упражнения с ответами

Будущее совершенное время употребляется для выражения действия, которое совершится к определенному моменту в будущем.

  • She will have cleaned the entire house by the time he gets home. Она уберет весь дом к его возвращению.
  • They will have finished their course by the end of May. Они закончат курс обучения к концу мая.

Exercise 1. Составьте предложения, используя the Future Perfect Tense.

  1. Jim/to write/the report/by next Thursday.
  2. We/to clean/ the house/by the time of your arrival tomorrow.
  3. I/to prepare/ all the documents/by the beginning of the meeting tomorrow.
  4. The film/to finish/by 7 o’clock tomorrow.
  5. They/to decorate/the square/by the beginning of the demonstration/ next week.
  6. The President/to finish/the press conference/by 3 o’clock tomorrow.
  7. Diana/to design/your wedding dress/by next Friday.
  8. I/to move/to a new house/by Christmas.
  9. You/ to start/your own business/by the time you are twenty-seven.
  10. My father/to repair/his car/by Thursday.

Answers: 1. Jim will have written the report by next Thursday. 2. We will have cleaned the house by the time of your arrival tomorrow. 3. I will have prepared all the documents by the beginning of the meeting tomorrow. 4. The film will have finished by 7 o’clock tomorrow. 5. They will have decorated the square by the beginning of the demonstration next week. 6. The President will have finished the press conference by 3 o’clock tomorrow. 7. Diana will have designed your wedding dress by next Friday. 8. I will have moved to a new house by Christmas. 9.You will have started your own business by the time you are twenty-seven. 10. My father will have repaired his car by Thursday.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в the Future Perfect Tense.

  1. Mike … (to prepare) all the calculations by the end of his working day tomorrow.
  2. I… (to learn) some phrases in Japanese by the time the participants of the Japanese delegation arrive.
  3. The chef … (to cook) all the dishes by the time the banquet begins.
  4. The secretary … (to arrange) all the papers by the time the boss comes to the office tomorrow.
  5. The ferry … (to reach) the port by 4 o’clock tomorrow.
  6. They … (to deliver) our pizza by the beginning of the party tomorrow.
  7. Jack and Monica … (to send) all the invitations by next Tuesday.
  8. I … (to read) your report by tomorrow morning.
  9. The workers … (to unload) the lorries by the end of their working day.
  10. We … (to analyse) the results of the experiment by next Friday.

Answers: 1. Mike will have prepared all the calculations by the end of his working day tomorrow. 2. I will have learned some phrases in Japanese by the time the participants of the Japanese delegation arrive. 3. The chef will have cooked all the dishes by the time the banquet begins. 4. The secretary will have arranged all the papers by the time the boss comes to the office tomorrow. 5. The ferry will have reached the port by 4 o’clock tomorrow. 6.They will have delivered our pizza by the beginning of the party tomorrow. 7. Jack and Monica will have sent all the invitations by next Tuesday. 8. I will have read your report by tomorrow morning. 9. The workers will have unloaded the lorries by the end of their working day. 10. We will have analysed the results of the experiment by next Friday.

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Exercise 3. Сделайте предложения отрицательными и вопросительными.

  1. We will have played two games of cricket by 6 o’clock tomorrow.
  2. They will have left the country by next Monday.
  3. She will have returned from the walk by 8 o’clock tomorrow.
  4. We will have done the shopping by 5 o’clock tomorrow.
  5. Martin will have passed all the exams by next Wednesday.
  6. You will have known the results of the test by tomorrow evening.
  7. Angela will have written the essay by Tuesday.
  8. The workers will have finished decorating our house by next month.
  9. The performance will have finished by 8 o’clock.
  10. The weather will have changed by tomorrow evening.

Answers: 1. We won’t have played two games of cricket by 6 o’clock tomorrow. Will we have played two games of cricket by 6 o’clock tomorrow? 2.They won’t have left the country by next Monday. Will they have left the country by next Monday? 3.She won’t have returned from the walk by 8 o’clock tomorrow. Will she have returned from the walk by 8 o’clock tomorrow? 4. We won’t have done the shopping by 5 o’clock tomorrow. Will we have done the shopping by 5 o’clock tomorrow?5. Martin won’t have passed all the exams by next Wednesday. Will Martin have passed all the exams by next Wednesday? 6. You won’t have known the results of the test by tomorrow evening. Will you have known the results of the test by tomorrow evening? 7. Angela won’t have written the essay by Tuesday. Will Angela have written the essay by Tuesday? 8. The workers won’t have finished decorating our house by next month. Will the workers have finished decorating our house by next month? 9. The performance won’t have finished by 8 o’clock. Will the performance have finished by 8 o’clock? 10.The weather won’t have changed by tomorrow evening. Will the weather have changed by tomorrow evening?

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. Janet … (to make) the cake by 3 o’clock tomorrow.
  2. … Chris … (to book) a table in the restaurant by next Sunday? — Yes, he ….
  3. Unfortunately, Sam … (not to return) from his business trip by next Wednesday.
  4. … Cindy … (to prepare) her speech by Monday? — Yes, she … .
  5. … the bookkeeper … (to pay) all the bills by next Friday? — No, he ….
  6. I… (to write) a shopping list for you by tomorrow morning.
  7. … you … (to speak) to your parents by tomorrow? — Yes, I … .
  8. …Tom … (to pack) his rucksack by the time the bus arrives? — Yes, he ….
  9. Pm afraid Molly … (not to make) photocopies of all the documents by the end of the working day.
  10. … we … (to reach) the camp by sunset? — I hope we … .

Answers: 1. Janet will have made the cake by 3 o’clock tomorrow. 2.Will Chris have booked a table in the restaurant by next Sunday? — Yes, he will. 3. Unfortunately, Sam won’t have returned from his business trip by next Wednesday. 4. Will Cindy have prepared her speech by Monday? — Yes, she will. 5. Will the bookkeeper have paid all the bills by next Friday? — No, he won’t. 6. I will have written a shopping list for you by tomorrow morning. 7. Will you have spoken to your parents by tomorrow? — Yes, I will. 8. Will Tom have packed his rucksack by the time the bus arrives? — Yes, he will. 9. I’m afraid Molly won’t have made photocopies of all the documents by the end of the working day. 10. Will we have reached the camp by sunset? — I hope we will.

Составляя специальные вопросы в будущем совершенном времени, слова располагают в таком порядке: вопросительное слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол will, подлежащее, глагол have та основной (вспомогательный) глагол в третьей форме (для неправильних глаголов) или с окончанием -ed (для правильных).
Wh-word + will + l/you/he/she/if/we/they + have + V3 (Ved)?

Например:
What book will he have read by next Tuesday? Какую книгу он прочтет к следующему вторнику?
Who will have washed the dishes by 5 o’clock? Кто помоет посуду к 5 часам?

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Exercise 5. Составьте вопрос к выделенным словосочетаниям.

  1. Max will have painted the roof of the house by 7 o’clock.
  2. We will have put the posters in the hall by the beginning of the concert.
  3. They will have brought new furniture bv 4 o’clock tomorrow.
  4. Olga will have returned from the swimming pool bv 7 o’clock.
  5. You will have typed five letters by the end of the working day.

Answers: 1. What will Max have done by 7 o’clock? What will Max have painted by 7 o’clock? By what time will Max have painted the roof of the house? 2. Who will have put the posters in the hall by the beginning of the concert? What will we have put in the hall by the beginning of the concert? Where will we have put the posters by the beginning of the concert? 3.What will they have done by 4 o’clock tomorrow? What will they have brought by 4 o’clock tomorrow? By what time will they have brought new furniture tomorrow? 4. Who will have returned from the swimming pool by 7 o’clock? Where will Olga have returned from by 7 o’clock? By what time will Olga have returned from the swimming pool? 5. What will you have done by the end of the working day? How many letters will you have typed by the end of the working day? What will you have typed by the end of the working day?

Exercise 6. Переведите на английский язык.

  1. Майк отремонтирует ваш автомобиль до вечера вторника.
  2. Мы не закончим этот проект до конца этого месяца.
  3. Мой юрист подготовит все необходимые документы до четверга.
  4. Вы получите наше сообщение до конца рабочего дня.
  5. Елена приготовит ужин до семи часов вечера? — Да, она всё приготовит, а мы накроем на стол до семи вечера.
  6. Кто закажет билеты на самолет до понедельника? — Джон их закажет.
  7. До какого времени завтра водитель привезет оборудование? — Он привезет оборудование завтра до шести часов вечера.
  8. Ваш секретарь напечатает отчет до следующего понедельника? — Да.
  9. Сколько платьев они пошьют до следующей среды? — Я думаю, они пошьют не больше двадцати платьев.
  10. Она напишет статью до пятницы? — Нет, до пятницы она еще не вернется из командировки.

Answers: 1. Mike will have repaired your car by Tuesday evening. 2. We won’t have finished this project by the end of this month. 3. My lawyer will have prepared all the necessary documents by Thursday. 4. You will have received our message by the end of the working day. 5. Will Helen have cooked supper by seven o’clock in the evening? — Yes, she will have prepared everything and we’ll have set up the table by seven o’clock in the evening. 6. Who will have ordered the plane tickets by Monday? — John will have ordered them. 7.By what time will the driver have brought the equipment tomorrow? — He will have brought the equipment by six o’clock tomorrow evening. 8. Will your secretary have typed the report by next Monday? — Yes, he will. 9. How many dresses will they have sewn by next Wednesday? — I think they will have sewn not more than twenty dresses. 10.Will she have written the article by Friday? — No, she won’t have returned from the business trip by Friday yet.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. III уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2013. — 320 с.

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