Меню

english as a world language с упражнениями

LearnEnglishBest / Рассказы, статьи / English as a World Language — Английский – язык международного общения

English as a World Language

1) Today English is the language of the world. 2) It is only in the course of the last hundred years that English has become a world language. 3) In Shakespeare’s time it was a «provincial» language of secondary importance with only 6 million native speakers. 4) Nowadays over 1 billion people speak it as a mother tongue.

5) English is the official language of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, of the United States of America, of Australia and New Zealand. 6) It is used as one of the official languages in Canada, the Republic of South Africa and the Irish Republic.

7) English is also spoken as a second language in the former British and US colonies. 8) In a number of speakers (400 million) it is third to Chinese and Spanish.

9) English is the major international language of communication in such areas as science, technology and business. 10) It is the language of literature, education, modem music, and international tourism. 11) English is the major language of diplomacy, it is one of the official languages of the United Nation organization and other political organizations.

12) Russia is integrating into the world community and the problem of learning English for the purpose of communication is especially urgent today.

13) One should say that English is not an easy language to learn. 14) There is a big problem of spelling, of the large number of exceptions to any rule. 15) This language is very idiomatic and the prepositions are terrible. 16) English is one of those languages which may seem easy in the beginning, but then the bridge between basic knowledge and mastery takes a long time to cross. 17) But if you cross this bridge it will give you great satisfaction. 18) You will be able to speak to people from other countries, to read foreign authors in the original, which makes your outlook wider. 19) To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated man, for every good specialist.

[ перевод на русский язык ]

Английский – язык международного общения

1) В настоящее время английский язык является международным языком. 2) Английский язык приобрёл значение международного только в последние 100 лет. 3) Во времена Шекспира он представлял собой провинциальный язык второстепенного значения с шестью миллионами людей, говорящих на нём. 4) Сегодня более 1 миллиарда людей в мире говорят на английском языке, как на родном.

5) Английский язык является государственным языком Соединённого Королевства Великобритании и Северной Ирландии, Соединённых Штатов Америки, Австралии и Новой Зеландии. 6) Им пользуются в качестве одного из государственных языков в Канаде, в Южно-Африканской республике и в Ирландии.

7) Английский язык является вторым государственным языком в прежних британских и американских колониях. 8) По количеству говорящих (400 миллионов) он уступает китайскому и испанскому языкам.

9) Английский язык — основной язык международного общения в таких областях как наука, технология, бизнес. 10) Это язык литературы, образования, современной музыки, международного туризма. 11) Английский язык является основным языком в дипломатии, это один из официальных языков в Организации Объединённых Наций и других политических организациях.

12) Россия интегрирует (стремится к объединению) в мировое сообщество, и проблема изучения английского с целью общения особенно актуальна сегодня.

13) Кто-то может сказать, что английский трудный для изучения язык. 14) Существуют трудности в овладении орфографией из-за большого количества исключений из правил. 15) Этот язык изобилует идиоматическими выражениями, а предлоги кажутся непреодолимым препятствием. 16) Английский — один из тех языков, который может показаться лёгким для изучения в начале, но путь между начальным курсом обучения и владением языком в совершенстве требует длительного времени. 17) И если вы преодолеете этот путь, вы почувствуете огромное удовлетворение. 18) Вы сможете общаться с людьми других стран, читать книги иностранных писателей в оригинале, что, несомненно, расширит ваш кругозор. 19) Сегодня знание английского языка необходимо каждому квалифицированному специалисту.

Читайте также:  местоимения прямые дополнения во французском языке упражнения

Вопросы к материалу:
1. When did you begin learning English? (Когда Вы начали изучать английский?)
2. It is easy to learn foreign languages? (Легко ли учить иностранные языки?)
3. Which language in the world is spoken by most people? (На каком языке говорят большинство людей в мире?)
4. Why is it necessary to learn English? (Почему необходимо учить английский?)
5. Why is English not an easy language to learn? (Почему учить английский язык не просто?)
6. What advantages have the people who know foreign languages? (Каких успехов достигают люди, знающие иностранные языки?)
7. What was the process of learning? (Каков был процесс изучения?)

Proverbs — Пословицы на тему учебы
Live and learn. — Век живи, век учись.
It is never too late to learn. — Учиться никогда не поздно.
Knowledge is power. — Знания — сила.
All things are difficult before they are easy — Терпение и труд всё перетрут.
Industriousness is the mother of good luck. — Без труда нет плода.
No pains, no gains. — Меньше слов — больше дела. [смысл. Не попотеешь, не заработаешь]

Поделиться ссылкой на эту страницу в любимой соцсети:

Отправить ссылку на эту страницу друзьям | Просмотров 9333 | Добавить страницу в избранное


Также рекомендуем посмотреть:
  • Check Internet connection speed
  • Текст и перевод песни Next to you — Рядом с тобой [ Oh, Be Clever ]
  • Сказка Good Luck Can Lie in a Pin — Удача может находится в булавке [ Hans Christian Andersen ]
  • Сказка Все по своим местам — Everything in the Right Place [ Hans Christian Andersen ]
  • May Day — Праздник Первомай
  • Поздравление на годовщину свадьбы на английском языке
  • Англо-русский словарь онлайн

    5 тестов скорости!

    Источник

    Part 2. English as a World Language

    The dominance of English in the contemporary world is explained by the appearance of lots of people who want to learn English not for pleasure or prestige but because English has become the key to international scientific, technological and commercial innovations of today.

    Previously the reason for learning any foreign language was not well defined. Knowledge of foreign languages was regarded as a sign of a well-rounded education, but few had really questioned why it was necessary. Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at the present time when the progress in science and technology has led to an explosion of knowledge. People who speak English fall into one of three groups: those who have learnt it as their native language, those who have learnt it as
    a second language in a society which is mainly bilingual and those who are force to use it for a practical purpose — professional or educational. In
    a number of speakers (400 million) it is second only to Mandarin Chinese.

    The total knowledge of mankind doubles every seven years. English is needed as the main and the most efficient means of information exchange. With the acceptance of English as the international language of technology and commerce a new generation of people appears who know why they are learning the language. Some people learn foreign languages because they need them in their work, others travel abroad, for the third studying languages is a hobby. A modern engineer or even a worker cannot work with an imported instrument or a machine if he is not able to read the instruction how to do it. Ordinary people need language to translation the instruction or the manual to the washing-machine or a vacuum-cleaner, medicine or even food-products. Scientists and scholars need it to keep up with developments in their fields. Many students need English because their course of studies includes textbooks available only in English. Young
    people around the world need English in order to be able to use the Internet, communicate with their partners in other countries, and understand films and songs. Every year thousands of people go to different countries as tourists or to work. They cannot go without knowing the language of the country they are going to.

    As for basic characteristics of English there are following:

    1. Simplicity of form. Old English, Greek, had many inflections to show singular and plural, tense, person, etc., but over the centuries words have been simplified. Verbs now have very few inflections, and adjectives do not change according to the noun.

    2. Flexibility. As a result of the loss of inflections, English has become, over the past five centuries, a very flexible language. Without inflections, the same word can operate as many different parts of speech, many nouns and verbs have the same form, for example work, phone, answer, visit, and watch. Adjectives also can be used as verbs: warm and to warm, clean and to clean.

    3. Openness of vocabulary. This involves the free admission of words from other languages and the easy creation of compounds and derivatives. Most world languages have contributed some words to English at some time, and the process is now being reversed. Purists of the French,
    Russian, and Japanese languages are resisting the arrival of English in their vocabulary.

    4. The future of English. Geographically, English is the most widespread language on Earth. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations Organization and other political organizations. It is the language of literature, education, modern music, international tourism,
    science, trade and cultural relations, aviation, and international sport. It is also the major language of diplomacy. This will no doubt continue,
    although the opinion that all other languages will die out is absurd.

    At present no other language on Earth is better suited to play the role of world language.

    III. After you have read

    3.1. Choose the right variant (use the information taken from the texts 1 and 2):

    1. A language that is used as a means of communication by people of different nations is called … .

    2. The first international language that we know about was the language of the … .

    3. The … language replaced Phoenician as a means of international communication.

    4. In the 19-th century… was the official language of our country.

    5. … is one of the official languages in the Irish Republic, Canada, and the South African Republic.

    6. In a number of speakers English is second only to . .

    7. Verbs now have very few … .

    8. … also can be used as verbs.

    9. … of the French, Russian, and Japanese languages are resisting the arrival of English in their vocabulary.

    10. The opinion that all other languages will die out is … .

    3.2. Arrange the sentences according to the order in the text English as a World Language, Part II:

    1. A modern engineer or even a worker cannot work with an imported instrument or a machine if he is not able to read the instruction how to
    do it.

    2. As for basic characteristics of English there are following.

    3. Previously the reason for learning any foreign language was not well defined.

    4. Old English, Greek, had many inflections to show singular and
    plural, tense, person, etc.

    5. Most world languages have contributed some words to English at
    some time, and the process is now being reversed.

    6. People who speak English fall into one of three groups.

    7. The total knowledge of mankind doubles every seven years.

    8. Foreign languages are socially demanded especially at the present time when the progress in science and technology has led to an explosion of knowledge.

    9. At present no other language on Earth is better suited to play the role of world language.

    10. Without inflections, the same word can operate as many different parts of speech.

    3.3. Make up adjectives:

    Model: Russia – Russian.

    3.4. Make up the derivative verbs with the suffixes -ize or -en from the following adjectives. Translate them into Russian:

    Active, special, central, nation, personal, individual, deep, wide, weak, crystal, black, white, red, fast, computer, length.

    3.5. Find in the texts the words with the following suffixes: —tion,
    -al, -(i)ty, -ly
    and translate them.

    3.6. Point out the sentences with the verbs to be, to have in the texts and state its function.

    3.7. Make up sentences matching the suggested parts. Pay attention to the participles:

    Learning foreign languages English my friend the data the matter people can travel abroad.
    Having learnt we can get a well-paid job.
    Being busy didn’t call me back.
    Knowing people are able to read the books in original.
    Having discussed they make some more experiments.
    we completed our job later.
    they started to learn Spanish.
    we write new words out.

    3.8. Put the word in brackets into the appropriate form of participle:

    1. (To speak) English our secretary always makes mistakes.

    2. Have you received a fax (to send) from London?

    3. We went home, (to look) through the documents.

    4. The matter (to discuss) is very controversial.

    5. While (to read) a book in a foreign language my friend usually uses the e-dictionary.

    6. Where are the souvenirs (to bring) from Paris?

    7. (To translate) this difficult text, my friend starts to learn it.

    8. The new method of learning English (to use) by our teacher at the lesson is very useful.

    9. I’ve got a few books (to publish) in France.

    10. Do you know the student (to speak) with the dean?

    3.9. Complete the sentences:

    1. Having taken a taxi my colleague …

    2. When speaking at the conference my friend …

    3. Not knowing English language he …

    4. Having been published this book …

    5. While translating an article my brother …

    6. Not having followed his parents’ advice my brother …

    7. The project being made by our students …

    8. Not having been sent in time the fax …

    9. Having been told the truth she …

    10. Not having caught my idea my colleague …

    IV. Grammar Review

    Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-06-23; Нарушение авторского права страницы

    Источник

    Adblock
    detector