conditional clauses упражнения с ответами

Упражнения на все типы условныx предложений в английском языке

На сайте Вы уже могли видеть упражнения на первый, второй и третий тип условных предложений, а также познакомиться с Zero Conditionals. Пришло время выполнить упражнения на все эти типы условных предложений. Conditionals exercises даются с ответами, поэтому Вы сможете проверить уровень своих знаний по теме Условные предложения. Упражнения на Conditionals — прекрасный способ отработать полученные знания. Некоторые предложения, действительно, сложные – поэтому задавайте вопросы в комментариях.

Упражнения на условные предложения в английском. Conditionals exercises.

Упражнение 1. Подчеркните правильный вариант ответа. Underline the correct form to make conditional sentences.

  1. If Rita opens /will open a boutique in the High Street, she’ll make lots of money.
  2. If the economy doesn’t improve, lots of businesses will close / would close down.
  3. This burglar alarm is so sensitive: it goes off if a mouse runs / will run across the floor.
  4. George may go to prison unless he won’t pay / pays his taxes.
  5. The company was / would be more successful if it spent more money on advertising.
  6. If the employees of a company are/were happy, they work harder.
  7. We might sell our business if it makes / would make another loss this year.
  8. It looks like Molly’ll be okay, unless something new will happen / happens.
  9. Unless Shelly had read him wrong, Jack would find /would have found her unorthodox approach irresistible.
  10. Mat would not trust/ didn’t trust that unless he had to.

Упражнение 2 . Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в требующейся форме условного наклонения. Open the brackets to form conditionals. Mind mixed conditionals!

  1. If Felix (to be) ___________ here I would have seen him.
  2. Michael would not agree even if you (to ask) ____________ him.
  3. If they (mention) __________ this yesterday, everything would have been done.
  4. If I (to find) __________ that letter, I’ll show it to you.
  5. If I meet him, I (to invite) __________ him.
  6. Would they come if we (to invite) __________them?
  7. The boss (be) __________ very disappointed if you aren’t at the meeting tomorrow.
  8. The teacher said, “I’ll begin the lesson as soon as Jack _____________ (stop) talking.”
  9. The old gentleman doesn’t go out in winter. He _____________ (go) out if the weather gets warmer.
  10. She’s flying to Cairo tomorrow. She’ll send her family a telegram providing she _____________ (arrive) with a delay.
  11. If the plane had left on time, they _____________ (be) in Minsk now.
  12. If they hadn’t walked 40 km, they _____________ (not / be) exhausted now.
  13. What would have become of us, if I _______ (come) to you then!’
  14. He would have been scrupulous — if he (can) ________ !
  15. What is the answer if you (add) _______ 17 to 75?

Упражнение 3. Образуйте условные предложения, употребив нужную форму глагола. Make conditional sentences.

  1. Molly (be) _______ a splendid woman, if only she didn’t talk so much!
  2. The evening will be fine, if only we ________ (not have) a storm.
  3. You might be of interest to me, if only I (have) _________time to waste on you.
  4. If you (leave) __________ at two, you will be there before dark.
  5. When he isdrowning, a man (clutch) ________ at any straw.
  6. If only Greg (can) _______ get some favourable shock, that’s what would do it!
  7. You (can) _________ do it if you try
  8. You (can) _________ do it if you tried.
  9. You (can) _________ do it if you had tried.
  10. We (go) __________ if it does not rain.
  11. Fred (come) _________ if he has time.
  12. If you (take) _______ a taxi, you’ll be in time.
  13. If Mark (have) ________enough money, he will go to the university.
  14. They won’t unless you (ask) ______ them to come
  15. What remains if you (subtract) ________ 5 from 10?
  16. If you (buy) ________a packet of cigarettes costing 3$ and matches costing 2$, and gave the shopkeeper 10$ note, how much change ought you to receive?

Упражнение 4. Supply the correct verb forms in these conditional sentences. Decide, which type of conditionals are these sentences. Определите, к какому типу условных предложений относятся следующие предложения. Раскройте скобки.

  1. If you (to heat) __________ iron, it (to start) ____________ to get red hot and then white hot.
  2. If Molly and Paul (be not) ________ misinformed about the train times, they (not be) __________ late.
  3. If Ioannis (stay) _______ longer at the party, he (have) ________ a good time
  4. If the government (lose) __________ the next election, the Prime Minister (resign) ________ from politics.
  5. If we (not go) ________ to your friend’s party, I never (meet) _________ Alan.
  6. If train fares (be) _________ cheaper, more people (use) _________ them.
  7. If Molly (get) _______ that job she’s applied for, she will be delighted.
  8. It (be) ______ a disaster if it the explosion had happened in the middle of the day.
  9. If the talks (be broken) __________ down again, there (be) ______ a war between the two countries
  10. If Ali (know) _______ anything about mechanics at that time, I’m sure she (help) _____ us.
  11. He (have) ________ a bad accident last Friday if he _____________ (not / drive) more carefully.
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Упражнение 5. Переведите следующие условные предложения на английский.

  1. Джаггер пригрозил уйти в отставку, если правительство потерпит поражение
  2. Если бы в компании согласились, мы могли бы достичь быстрого прогресса.
  3. Компания вернет деньги, если вы передумаете.
  4. Выставка, возможно, закрылась бы, если бы они не нашли новых спонсоров.
  5. Я бы отказался сотрудничать, если бы я был в вашем положении
  6. Пожалуйста, сообщите врачу немедленно, если она покажет признаки улучшения.
  7. Молли и Салли поняли бы свою ошибку, если бы только остались до конца.
  8. Можете считать, что мы согласны, если не получите от нас новостей до воскресенья.
  9. Если вы выпьете слишком много кофе, вы не сможете уснуть.
  10. Если бы Джек привез карту, мы бы не заблудились.
  11. Если бы Джон знал о встрече, то приехал бы
  12. Если вы столкнетесь с Павлом, скажите ему, что я хочу его видеть.

Conditionals exercises. Английские условные упражнения: ответы.

1 opens, 2 will close, 3 runs, 4 pays, 5 would be, 6 are, 7 makes, 8 happens, 9 would find, 10 wouldn’t trust

1 had been, 2 asked, 3 had mentioned, 4 find, 5 will invite, 6 invited, 7 will be, 8 stops, 9 will go, 10 arrives, 11 would be, 12 wouldn’t be, 13 hadn’t come, 14 could, 15 add

1 would be, 2 don’t have, 3 had, 4 leave, 5 will clutch или clutches, 6 could, 7 can, 8 could, 9 could have done, 10 will go, 11 will come, 12 take, 13 has, 14 ask, 15 substract, 16 bought

1 heat / will start или starts, 2 hadn’t been / wouldn’t have been, 3 had stayed / would have had, 4 loses / will resign, 5 hadn’t gone / would have never met, 6 were / would use, 7 gets, 8 would have been, 9 are broken / will be, 10 had known / would have helped, 11 would have had / hadn’t been driving

  1. Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated.
  2. If the companies agreed, we could make rapid progress.
  3. The company will refund the money if you change your mind
  4. The exhibition might have closed if they hadn’t found new sponsors.
  5. I would refuse to co-operate if I were in your position
  6. Please inform the doctor immediately if she shows signs of improvement.
  7. Molly and sally would have realized their mistake if only they had stayed until the end.
  8. You may assume we have agreed if you do not hear from us by Sunday
  9. If you drink too much coffee, you won’t be able to sleep.
  10. If Jack’d brought map, we wouldn’t have got lost.
  11. If John had known about the meeting, he would have come
  12. If you come across Paul, tell him I want to see him.

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35 Комментариев для «Упражнения на все типы условныx предложений в английском языке»

Exercise 5. Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated.

Не понимаю почему именно так, но не иначе?

можно и иначе, ответы на перевод даны для примера

так ведь в ответах ошибки.например:If the plane had left on time, they would have been in Minsk now.А у вас:If the plane had left on time, they would be in Minsk now.

Все правильно, это mixed conditional.

If Rita opens /will open a boutique in the High Street, she’ll make lots of money.

артикль с названиями улиц никогда не употребляется

Есть несколько исторических исключений: The High street, The Mall, The Strand, The Wall street

Добрый день! Возник вопрос. Упражнение 1 предложение 4.

Понятно, что не won’t pay, т.к. после unless не может быть отрицания. Но unless указывает на придаточную часть предложения, а по правилу в придаточной не может быть употреблен глагол в Future Indefenite, и мы не можем использовать will. Если я не прав, объясните, пожалуйста, почему в данном случае употребляется will pay.

Добрый день, Алексей. Вы абсолютно правы. Моя невнимательность. Исправила. Спасибо.

в 1 упр. 9 предложение. какое это условие? я думала 3 типа. а получается смешанного?

в 9 предложении 1 упражнения — это 3 тип или смешанный?

Нина, здесь 3 тип условного предложения

тогда должно стоять would have found, а у вас в ответах would find

Jagger has threatened to resign if the government is defeated. Это смешанный тип? И почему без should скажите пожалуйста!

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Добрый день, Яна. В данном случае мы имеем дело с Zero Conditional или исходя из западной терминологии Present & Future Real Conditional for Stating facts and predictions (реальное условие для описания фактов и предсказаний). В первой части здесь Present Condition, во второй — factual effect.

В 4-ом упражнении, 2-е предложение. Здесь может быть как 3-й так и 1-й тип. If Molly and Paul are not misinformed about the train times, they will not be late. И если там в условии отрицание, то в скобках по идее должно быть (not be).

Андрей, согласна с Вами

3 упражнение последнее 16 предложение; скажите пожалуйста какой это тип условного предложения, в нём оба глагола, разделённые словом if, стоят в прошедшей форме

Андрей, это второй тип.

If you (buy) ________a packet of cigarettes costing 3$ and matches costing 2$, and gave the shopkeeper 10$ note, how much change ought you to receive?

If you bought and gave, you ought to. (if + past, past // ought to +V)

Вместо привычного would, тут употребляется ought to, в в части с if 2 глагола в прошедшем времени (однородные сказуемые)

If John had known about the meeting, he would have come

has должно быть а не have. he это 3 лицо ед число

Оксана, в условном предложении 3 типа схема такая Had + V3 // would have V3 для всех лиц, да и в любом случае have стоит не после he, а после would и с he не согласовывается

If Felix (to be) ___________ here I would have seen him. почему had been

Третий тип условного предложения if + had V3 // would have V3


Условные предложения 1 типа. Упражнения

First Conditional — важная тема в английской грамматике. Условные предложения 1 типа употребляются очень часто. Поэтому Вам просто необходимо хорошенько отработать данную тему. Следующие 12 conditionals упражнения окажутся Вам, несомненно, полезными.

Давайте немного вспомним теорию!

I тип условных предложений

Эти предложения выражают вполне реальные, осуществимые предположения, относящиеся к будущему или настоящему времени.

Present Simple, Present Continuous, Present Perfect

Future Simple, can, may, might, must, should, Imperative

If the weather is nice, we’ll go for a walk. – Если погода будет хорошая, мы пойдём на прогулку.

If you have taken the books, you can start working on your article.

If you see Greg, ask him to ring me up.

Если вы увидите Грега, попросите его позвонить мне по

Как видите, употребление conditional 1 – не самая сложная тема. Несколько хороших упражнений – и Вы овладеете ей в совершенстве. Итак, переходим к conditionals упражнениям.

First Conditional Exercises.

Упражнение 1. Put the verbs in the brackets into the Present Indefinite or the Future Indefinite Tense.

  1. If Peter __________ (come) to my place, we__________ (go) to play in the yard.
  2. If Peter__________ (not come) to my place, I __________ (watch) TV.
  3. If Frank’s parents__________ (have) their holidays in summer, they __________ (go) to the seaside.
  4. If they __________ (have) their holidays in winter, they __________ (stay) at home.
  5. If the fog _______ (thicken), Harold _______ (put up) the tent for the night.
  6. When I _______ (finish) my work, I_______ (go) to the cinema.
  7. We_______ (buy) this book as soon as our mother_______ (give) us some money.
  8. When we _______ (come) to your place you_______ (show) us your present.
  9. I_______ (return) you your ring when you_______ (ask) me.
  10. I_______ (wait) for my friend until he_______ (come) from the shop.
  11. My father_______ (start) writing before the sun _______ (rise).
  12. As soon as you _______ (finish) your study I_______ (present) you with a new flat.

Упражнение 2. Put the verb in the brackets in the correct tense to form the First Conditional.

Maria is a girl from your country. She is studying English and she’d like to visit an English-speaking country.

If Maria (go) abroad, she (go) to England or America. She (visit) London if she (go) to England. If she (stay) in London, she (spend) much money. She (not be able) to stay for long if she (spend) all her money. If her holiday (be) very short, she (not practice) her English. It (be) a pity if she (not try) to speak English.

Упражнение 3. Make up conditional 1 sentences with if-clauses.

Example: Molly leave now / catch the bus .

— If Molly leaves now, she’ll catch the bus.

  1. stay in bed / feel better
  2. work hard / get a job
  3. go shopping / spend much money
  4. ride a bike / get there quickly —
  5. eat carrots/see well in the dark .
  6. come now/go out together
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Упражнение 4. Connect the sentences with when or if to form the first conditional.

Jack will come. We shall play chess. — When Jack comes, we shall play chess.

  1. All the pupils will come to school tomorrow. We shall write a test then.
  2. I’ll meet Ann after school. I’ll give her my album.
  3. You’ll not do your homework. The teacher will be angry.
  4. Mike won’t come today. We’ll play football without him.
  5. I’ll finish school with good marks. My father will take me to the seaside. .
  6. My school record may not be very good. Mom will be very upset.

Упражнение 5. Continue the chain stories. Use conditional 1.

If Brian has a lot of money, he’ll buy a bike.

If he buys a bike, he’ll .

If you don’t do well at school, you’ll become a bad pupil.

If you become a bad pupil, you’ll stay .

Упражнение 6. Study the list of prizes and speak for Nick and Tom, using conditional 1.

When Nick has breakfast at Tom’s house, he sees a packet of cornflakes on the table. On the back of it he sees this paper.


1st prize — a holiday in New York,

2nd prize — a motor-bike.

3rd-5th prize — a tent.

6th-12th prize — a cassette-recorder.

13th-20th prize — a camera.

21st-36th prize — an alarm-clock.

37th-50th prize — a book of flowers of Britain.

51st-99th prize — a T-shirt with Big Ben on it.

After reading it Tom has sent the answers.

a) Nick says to Tom:

  1. If you win the first prize, you’ll get a holiday in New York.
  2. If you win the second prize, you’ll get . .
  3. If you win the third prize, you’ll .
  4. If you win .
  5. If .
  6. If .
  7. If .
  8. If .
  1. If I win a holiday in New York, I’ll come and visit you.
  2. If I win …
  3. If I …
  4. If…
  5. If…
  6. If …
  7. If …
  8. If …

Упражнение 7. Make conditional sentences.

  1. I’ll buy a colour film and take a lot of pictures if …
  2. I’ll have a party and we can dance to music if …
  3. I’ll go camping in the Lake District if …
  4. Molly’ll learn a lot of things if…
  5. I shan’t sit with you at the same desk unless…
  6. I’ll send her a letter as soon as …
  7. If he does his homework every day he …
  8. If he comes in the afternoon we …
  9. If you live in a big city what …?
  10. If Milly gives me her address, I …
  11. If you don’t stop talking, the teacher …

Упражнение 8. Answer the questions in conditional 1.

  • if it rains on Sunday?
  • if your friends don’t play with you?
  • if your TV doesn’t work this evening?
  • if you lose your school record-book?
  • when the lessons are over?
  • when your holiday comes?
  • when your friend comes to see you tonight?
  • when you finish your homework?

Упражнение 9. Imagine that you are eighteen and you have finished school. What will you do then? Develop the following situation. Begin like this.

When I’m eighteen, I think I’ll I don’t think I’ll . but if , I’ll try

Упражнение 10. Join two sentences into one using if.

  1. It will rain today. We shall not go for a walk.
  2. Don’t move. You’ll fall down.
  3. The wind will change. There will be snow.
  4. I’ll be careful. I will not break the cups.
  5. You have free time now. Come for a walk with me.
  6. I’ll go hiking in summer. I’ll see a lot of interesting things.
  7. He’ll go shopping. He’ll buy some exercise-books for me.

Упражнение 11. Complete the sentences.

  1. Your Dad will get angry if you . .
  2. My Mum will be happy if I . .
  3. My sister will shout at me if I .
  4. The teacher will not be happy if we .
  5. You will do well at school if you .

Упражнение 12. Write answers to the questions.

  1. What will you do if you jump into the river and see a crocodile there?
  2. What will your mother do if you break her favourite vase?
  3. What will the teacher do if you don’t do what she asks you to do?
  4. What will your friends do if you call them bad names?
  5. What will you do if you loose your school record- book? .

Ну вот и все на сегодня по теме условные предложения 1 типа. I hope you find these first conditional exercises useful. Сonditionals упражнения позволят Вам почувствовать уверенность в своем английском!

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