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английский язык время present perfect continuous упражнения

Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous

Добрый день. В данной статье Вы найдете упражнения на использование времен Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous в сравнении. Если Вы чувствуете, что не совсем хорошо разбираетесь в данной теме, — рекомендую начать со следующих материалов:

Данные упражнения разработаны для учеников 7 и 8 классов, но могут использоваться и в старшей школе для закрепления употребления времен.

Упражнения Present Perfect vs. Present Perfect Continuous.

Упражнение 1. Choose the right tense form.

  1. Nina has been learning/has learned English for 2 years.
  2. The birds have already flown/have been flying to the South.
  3. They have known /have been knowing him for many years.
  4. Mike has forgotten/has been forgetting to learn the poem.
  5. The children have been watching/have watched cartoons for 2 hours.
  6. The train has just come/has been coming.
  7. We haven’t been having/ haven’t had a holiday for 5 years.
  8. She has been teaching/has taught at this school for twenty years.
  9. David has been painting/has painted in his studio since 10 o’clock.
  10. Mary and Sam have collected/ have been collecting stamps for 3 years.
  11. Their parents have been/have being friends since their childhood.
  12. Dave has been/ has been being a student for 2 years.

Упражнение 2. Make sentences using Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

She/clean/the flat for four hours. – She has been cleaning the flat for four hours.

  1. I / read/Tolstoy stories/ in the park for two hours.
  2. I /read/three stories.
  3. Granny/knit/in the living room/ since morning.
  4. Helen/travel/round Europe/for 3 weeks.
  5. She/visit/already/3 countries.

Упражнение 3. Поставь глагол в скобках в Present Perfect или Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. I (not to see) him for ages.
  2. He (to do) his lessons since lunch.
  3. I (not to hear) about him for a long time.
  4. I (to drive) since I was 17.
  5. Jack (to fail) his driving test three times because к doesn’t know how to park.
  6. I think he (make) a lot of improvement.
  7. Alice (not/pass) her driving test because she doesn’t know the rules well.
  8. She (worry) about this for two months.
  9. She (study) the driver’s manual for hours every day.
  10. She (not/take) another test yet.
  11. I (to have) a headache since I got up.
  12. He is my friend, I (to know) him for a long time.
  13. Ivan has a stomachacke. He (to eat) junk food all day.
  14. I (never to hear) that song before.

Упражнение 4. Make questions using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. My friend is waiting for me at the station. (How long…?)
  2. He translates books. (How many…?)
  3. Mother is making a cream cake. (How long…?)
  4. Bill is travelling in Europe at present. (How many countries…?)
  5. My parents are decorating the fir-tree. (How long…?)
  6. They are married. (How long…?)

Упражнение 5. Translate into English using either Present Perfect or Present Perfect Continuous.

  1. Моя жена рисует уже 5 лет, но ещё не продала ни одной картины.
  2. Я рад, что мы закончили эту работу.
  3. Мои руки грязные. Я работала в саду.
  4. Ник съел все конфеты.
  5. Вы когда-нибудь играли в шахматы?

Упражнение 6. Correct the mistakes if any.

  1. They are discussing the problem for hours, but has not solved it yet.
  2. Somebody has been playing tennis since 2 o’clock.
  3. Is it still raining? No, it have stopped.
  4. John has been winning the championship two times.
  5. The boys have fished for 3 hours.
  6. How many books have you written?
  7. Mike has invited many friends to his birthday party.
  8. He has been hating oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have been taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Irene has left for the airport.

Ответы к упражнениям

  1. has been learning
  2. have already flown
  3. have known
  4. has forgotten
  5. have been watching
  6. has just come
  7. haven’t had
  8. has been teaching
  9. has been painting
  10. have been collecting
  11. have been
  12. has been
  1. I have been reading Tolstoy stories in the park for two hours.
  2. I have read three stories.
  3. Granny has been knitting in the living room since morning.
  4. Helen has been traveling round Europe for 3 weeks.
  5. She has already visited 3 countries.
  1. haven’t seen
  2. has been doing
  3. have not heard
  4. have been driving
  5. has failed
  6. has made
  7. has not passed
  8. has been worrying
  9. has been studying
  10. has not taken
  11. have had
  12. have known
  13. has been eating
  14. have never heard
  1. (How long has he been waiting?)
  2. (How many books has he translated?)
  3. (How long has she been cooking?)
  4. (How many countries has he visited?)
  5. (How long have they been decorating the fir-tree?)
  6. (How long have they been married?)
  1. My wife has been drawing for 5 years, but she has not sold a single picture.
  2. I am glad that we have finished this work.
  3. My hands are dirty. I have been working in the garden.
  4. Nick has eaten all the sweets.
  5. Have you ever played chess?
  1. They have been discussing the problem for hours, but have not solved it yet.
  2. Correct
  3. Is it still raining? No, it has
  4. John has won the championship two times.
  5. The boys have been fishing for 3 hours.
  6. Correct
  7. Correct
  8. He has hated oranges since his childhood.
  9. They have taken the dog for a walk.
  10. Correct

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10 Комментариев для «Упражнения на времена Present Perfect и Present Perfect Continuous»

He has been hating oranges since his childhood.

почему здесь ошибка?

Настя, глагол to hate нельзя употреблять в Continuous (почитайте здесь правило)

Можно ли, в 11 вопросе 3-го задания, использовать Continious? Глагол to have употребляется во временах Continuous в сочетании с некоторыми существительными, с которыми он образует смысловое целое. «To have a haedache» — «иметь головную боль». Таким образом, можем ли мы написать: I have been having a haedache since I got up?

To have a headache — нельзя употреблять в continuous,

но вы правы, есть такие выражения, которые употреблять можно, например: to have dinner

Почему в 3.9. не Presen Simple?

She studies the driver’s manual for hours every day.

She has been studying the driver’s manual for hours every day.

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Только потому, что в условии данное время не заявлено

Мне кажется, здесь можно сказать, как результат, т.к. здесь не упоминается время.

5.3 I have worked in the garden.s are dirty. I have been working in the garden. My hands are dirty.

Ирина, в данном контексте нельзя.

Добрый день! Подскажите, почему в 5.4 the sweets. Артикль перед множественным числом?

Nick has eaten all the sweets. — Не все конфеты, а те конфеты, которые у него были.

All children love chocolate – Все дети любят шоколад.

All the children in the building were evacuated – Все дети в здании были эвакуированы.

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The Present Perfect Continuous Tense. Упражнения с ответами

Настоящее совершенное длительное время употребляется для:

  • подчеркивания значения длительности действия, которое началось в прошлом и продолжается до сих пор. Bill has been teaching for the University since September. Билл работает в университете с сентября.
  • описания действия, которое началось и закончилось в прошлом и результаты этого действия очевидны в настоящем. She is happy because she has been watching her favourite anime all day. Она счастлива, потому что смотрела свое любимое аниме целый день.
  • выражения злости, раздражения, критики по поводу действия, которое повторялось не один раз. She has been using my computer without asking me. Она использовала мой компьютер без разрешения.
  • выражения повторяющихся действий в прошлом, которые продолжаются до настоящего времени. She has put on weight because she has been eating junk food every day since last week. Она набрала вес, потому что с прошлой недели каждый день ела фастфуд.

Уже подружились со временем? Сейчас проверим!

Exercise 1. Составьте предложения в the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

  1. I/to read/this book/for three days.
  2. We/to play volleyball/ for twenty minutes.
  3. She/to clean/the flat/for more than an hour.
  4. Peter/to swim/for half an hour.
  5. Anna/to speak/on the phone/for an hour now.
  6. You/to wait/for a bus/for ten minutes only.
  7. Nelly and Mary/to do the shopping/since early morning.
  8. It/to snow/since last night.
  9. Jack and his friend/ to ride bikes/for three hours now.
  10. The teacher/to explain/ a grammar rule/since the beginning of the lesson.

Answers: 1. I have been reading this book for three days. 2. We have been playing volleyball for twenty minutes. 3. She has been cleaning the flat for more than an hour. 4. Peter has been swimming for half an hour. 5. Anna has been speaking on the phone for an hour now. 6. You have been waiting for a bus for ten minutes only. 7. Nelly and Mary have been doing the shopping since early morning. 8. It has been snowing since last night. 9. Jack and his friend have been riding bikes for three hours now. 10. The teacher has been explaining a grammar rule since the beginning of the lesson.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. Helen … (to wash) the dishes for fifteen minutes.
  2. My classmates … (to write) a dictation since the beginning of the lesson.
  3. Sam … (to drive) a car for five hours now.
  4. I … (to look) for information on the subject since last Friday.
  5. Molly … (to paint) this picture for three days now.
  6. The tourists … (to do) the sightseeing since nine o’clock.
  7. You … (to work) as a computer programmer for more than fifteen years.
  8. The wind … (to blow) since yesterday.
  9. My grandfather … (to collect) coins since he was a boy.
  10. Andy and Den … (to discuss) the plans for their winter holidays for two hours now.

Answers: 1.has been washing; 2.have been writing; 3. has been driving; 4. have been looking; 5. has been painting; 6. have been doing; 7.have been working; 8. has been blowing; 9. has been collecting; 10. have been discussing.

Exercise 3. Сделайте предложения отрицательными.

  1. You have been writing a report since morning.
  2. We have been working in the garden for three hours.
  3. I have been typing letters since ten o’clock.
  4. Tom has been running for twenty minutes.
  5. A cat has been sitting in the tree for an hour.
  6. Jane has been studying English for two years.
  7. They have been building this house for more than a year.
  8. My parents have been travelling for a week.
  9. I have been having a lesson for fifteen minutes now.
  10. They have been walking since afternoon.

Answers: 1.You haven’t been writing a report since morning. 2. We haven’t been working in the garden for three hours. 3.I haven’t been typing letters since ten o’clock. 4.Tom hasn’t been running for twenty minutes. 5.A cat hasn’t been sitting in the tree for an hour. 6. Jane hasn’t been studying English for two years. 7. They haven’t been building this house for more than a year. 8. My parents haven’t been travelling for a week. 9. I haven’t been having a lesson for fifteen minutes now. 10. They haven’t been walking since afternoon.

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. Kevin … (to fish) since early morning.
  2. Kim … (not to pack) her things for so long.
  3. You … (to iron) clothes all day.
  4. Allan … (not to wear) this jacket for three years.
  5. I … (not to walk) a dog since four o’clock.
  6. Monica and Sue …(to paint) the walls of the house since ten o’clock in the morning.
  7. Mr May … (to read) this article for more than half an hour now.
  8. It … (not to rain) since afternoon.
  9. My neighbours … (to make) a noise since seven o’clock in the morning.
  10. Brad … (to try) to catch a taxi for fifteen minutes now.

Answers: 1. has been fishing; 2.hasn’t been packing; 3. have been ironing; 4. hasn’t been wearing; 5. haven’t been walking; 6. have been painting; 7.has been reading; 8. hasn’t been raining; 9. have been making; 10.has been trying.

Exercise 5. Сделайте предложения вопросительными.

  1. He has been boating for four hours.
  2. We have been skating since eleven o’clock.
  3. Lucy has been learning this poem for twenty minutes.
  4. You have been writing this article since afternoon.
  5. My parents have been working in the hospital for thirteen years.
  6. The music has been playing for three hours.
  7. We have been speaking since five o’clock.
  8. Beth has been taking a bath for thirty-five minutes.
  9. They have been preparing for the test for two days.
  10. The baby has been crying for half an hour.
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Answers: 1. Has he been boating for four hours? 2.Have we been skating since eleven o’clock? 3.Has Lucy been learning this poem for twenty
minutes? 4. Have you been writing this article since afternoon? 5.Have my parents been working in the hospital for thirteen years? 6. Has the music been playing for three hours? 7. Have we been speaking since five o’clock? 8. Has Beth been taking a bath for thirty-five minutes? 9. Have they been preparing for the test for two days? 10. Has the baby been crying for half an hour?

Exercise 6. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. … Jenny … (to wait) for her flight in the airport since twelve o’clock? — No, she …. She … (to wait) for her flight for forty minutes now.
  2. Can I talk with you? — Sorry, I’m busy. I … (to look) for one important paper for more than twenty minutes now and can’t find it.
  3. Is Ed at home? — No, he is in the gym. He … (to train) since five o’clock.
  4. … your mother …(to work) as a manager for ten years? — No, she …. She … (to work) as a manager for eighteen years.
  5. Is Philip fixing the washing-machine? — Yes, he … (to fix) it since nine o’clock.
  6. Alison and Cindy … (not to paint) the walls in the room for two hours. They … (to work) since morning.
  7. The Petersons … (to build) their house for three years now.
  8. Is mother in the kitchen? — Yes, she … (to cook) since four o’clock.
  9. You look tired! — Well, I … (to gather) strawberries for more than two hours.
  10. Where is Ben? — He is in his room. He … (to listen) to music since afternoon.

Answers: 1. Has Jenny been waiting for her flight in the airport since twelve o’clock? — No, she hasn’t. She has been waiting for her flight for forty minutes now. 2. Can I talk with you? — Sorry, I’m busy. I have been looking for one important paper for more than twenty minutes now and can’t find it. 3. Is Ed at home? — No, he is in the gym. He has been training since five o’clock. 4.Has your mother been working as a manager for ten years? — No, she hasn’t. She has been working as a manager for eighteen years. 5. Is Philip fixing the washing-machine? — Yes, he has been fixing it since nine o’clock. 6. Alison and Cindy haven’t been painting the walls in the room for two hours. They have been working since morning. 7. The Petersons have been building their house for three years now. 8. Is mother in the kitchen? — Yes, she has been cooking since four o’clock. 9. You look tired! — Well, I have been gathering strawberries for more than two hours. 10. Where is Ben? — He is in his room. He has been listening to music since afternoon.

Составляя специальные вопросы в настоящем совершенном длительном времени, слова распологают в таком порядке: : вопросительное слово (Wh-word), вспомогательный глагол have/has, подлежащее, глагол been и глагол-сказуемое (с окончанием -ing).
Wh-word + have + l/you/we/they + been + Ving

Wh-word + has + he/she/it/ + been + Ving?

Например:
What have you been doing? How long has he been working?
Вопросы к подлежащему образуются только с помощью вспомогательного глагола has:
Who has been crying?

Exercise 7. Составьте вопрос к выделенным словосочетаниям.

  1. He has been speaking to his friend for an hour.
  2. We have been whitewashing the trees in the garden for two hours.
  3. You have been telling us about your work since five o’clock.
  4. She has been translating this text for half an hour.
  5. They have been having lunch in the canteen since one o’clock.

Answers: 1.Who has been speaking to his friend for an hour? To whom has he been speaking for an hour? How long has he been speaking to his friend? 2.Who has been whitewashing the trees in the garden for two hours? What have we been doing in the garden for two hours? Where have we been whitewashing the trees for two hours? What have we been writewashing in the garden for two hours? 3. Who has been telling us about your work since five o’clock? Whom have you been telling about your work since five o’clock? Whose work have you been telling us about since five o’clock? What have you been telling us about since five o’clock? 4. What has she been doing for half an hour? What has she been translating for half an hour? How long has she been translating this text? 5. What have they been having in the canteen since one o’clock? Where have they been having lunch since one o’clock? How long have they been having lunch in the canteen?

Exercise 8. Составьте предложения, используя the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

  1. What/she/to read/since ten o’clock?
  2. Where/we/to drive/ so long?
  3. Den/not to ride/his motor-bike/since three o’clock.
  4. Dolly and Carol/to plant/flowers in the greenhouse for about an hour.
  5. How long/Brian/to learn/English?
  6. Linda/to prepare/for her test/since eight o’clock?
  7. Whom/you/to talk with/for fifty minutes?
  8. Where/they/to play/tennis/since afternoon?
  9. The baby/to sleep/for three hours now.
  10. We/ not to climb/this mountain/for an hour.
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Answers: 1. What has she been reading since ten o’clock? 2. Where have we been driving so long? 3. Den hasn’t been riding his motor-bike since three o’clock. 4. Dolly and Carol have been planting flowers in the greenhouse for about an hour. 5. How long has Brian been learning English? 6. Has Linda been preparing for her test since eight o’clock? 7. Whom have you been talking with for fifty minutes? 8. Where have they been playing tennis since afternoon? 9. The baby has been sleeping for three hours now. 10. We haven’t been climbing this mountain for an hour.

Exercise 9. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму и прочитайте шутку.

A girl is speaking on the phone. She … (to speak) for forty- five minutes now. Her father … (to wait) for an important call since afternoon and he is becoming angry. «How long … you … (to speak), Kate?» cries her father. Kate quickly hangs up the receiver. Her father looks puzzled, «Usually you speak for hours! What has happened now?» «Wrong number», answers Kate.

Answers: She has been speaking for forty-five minutes now. Her father has been waiting for an important call since afternoon and he is becoming angry. «How long have you been speaking. Kate?» cries her father.

Exercise 10. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

  1. Put on your raincoat. It… (to rain) since night.
  2. Is Frank in his room? What … he … (to do)? — He … (to prepare) for the French test.
  3. Are Sue and Liz still in the garden? They … (to water) the flowers for an hour now! — No, they … (not to water) the flowers. They … (to weed) for more than an hour.
  4. How long … you … (to travel) around the country? — I… (to travel) for two weeks now.
  5. Ron should be careful. He … (to sunbathe) since eight o’clock.
  6. Whom … your boss … (to shout) at? — He … (to shout) at his new manager. She … (to work) in this office for only three days.
  7. Cindy is worried. She … (to wait) for her parents to come home since six o’clock.
  8. What …they … (to write) since three o’clock? — They … (to write) an article for the scientific journal.
  9. Aren’t Julia and Andrew at home yet? — They are still preparing for the conference in the library. They … (to prepare) for this conference for a week now.
  10. How long … Mr Kane … (to wash) his car? — He … (to wash) it for more than an hour now.

Answers: 1. Put on your raincoat. It has been raining since night. 2. Is Frank in his room? What has he been doing? — He has been preparing for the French test. 3. Are Sue and Liz still in the garden? They have been watering the flowers for an hour now! — No, they haven’t been watering the flowers. They have been weeding for more than an hour. 4. How long have you been travelling around the country? — I have been travelling for two weeks now. 5. Ron should be careful. He has been sunbathing since eight o’clock. 6. Whom has your boss been shouting at? — He has been shouting at his new manager. She has been working in this office for only three days. 7. Cindy is worried. She has been waiting for her parents to come home since six o’clock. 8. What have they been writing since three o’clock? — They have been writing an article for the scientific journal. 9. Aren’t Julia and Andrew at home yet? — They are still preparing for the conference in the library. They have been preparing for this conference for a week now. 10. How long has Mr Kane been washing his car? — He has been washing it for more than an hour now.

Exercise 11. Переведите на английский язык.

  1. Они пишут диктант уже полчаса.
  2. Моя сестра убирает комнату с утра.
  3. Мальчики плавают в бассейне уже больше часа?
  4. Он не смотрит телевизор с утра.
  5. Вы читаете эту книгу уже четыре дня? — Нет, я читаю ее только два дня.
  6. Что она делает уже три часа? — Она готовится к экзаменам.
  7. Как долго дети играют в парке? — Они играют с пяти часов.
  8. Что ваш брат рассказывает уже двадцать минут? — Он рассказывает о своем попугае.
  9. Какую статью он пишет с утра? — Он пишет статью об известном ученом.
  10. Что они обсуждают уже больше часа? — Они обсуждают последние новости.

Answers: 1. They have been writing a dictation for half an hour already. 2. My sister has been cleaning the room since morning. 3. Have the boys been swimming in the swimming-pool for more than an hour now? 4.He hasn’t been watching TV since morning. 5. Have you been reading this book for four days? — No, I have been reading it for two days only. 6. What has she been doing for three hours? — She has been preparing for the exams. 7. How long have the children been playing in the park? — They have been playing since five o’clock. 8. What has your brother been telling about for twenty minutes already? — He has been telling about his parrot. 9. What article has he been writing since morning? — He has been writing an article about a famous scientist. 10. What have they been discussing for more than an hour now? — They have been discussing the latest news.

WELL DONE!

Литература:

Павличенко О.М. Английский язык. Грамматический практикум. II уровень. — 2-е изд., испр. и доп. — X.: Ранок, 2012. — 304 с.

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