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английский язык времена past simple past perfect упражнения

Past Tenses. Упражнения на прошедшие времена (advanced)

Выполните упражнения на все прошедшие времена в английском языке, а именно Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect. Упражнения взяты из сборника упражнений Ю. Голицынский, частично изменены и дополнены.

Past Tenses Revision(Повторение времен группы Past)

A. Сопоставьте время глагола Past Simple, Past Continuous, Past Perfect и характер действия:

  • действие происходило давно и не связано с настоящим
  • действие, которое происходило в какой-то момент в прошлом (процесс)
  • последовательность действий в прошлом
  • действие, которое уже закончено к определенному моменту в прошлом

В. Подберите примеры:

  • Дети занимались английским с 16.00 до 18.00.
  • Она приготовила ужин к времени его прихода.
  • В детстве я любил играть в солдатики (tin soldires).
  • Мы пошли на рыбалку, поймали много рыбы, затем приготовили уху и съели ее.

С. Переведите примеры.

Упражнения на прошедшие времена в английском языке Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect в сравнении

Упражнение вводное. Сопоставьте время глагола и временное выражение.

then, when? (вопрос), when he came, when (в значении after) he came, before he came, from 2 till 3, at 5 o`clock yesterday, by the time he came, yesterday, last night/ year, a week/month ago, in 1999, the other day, while, all day/ night/ morning, after, etc.

Past Simple: ___________________
Past Continuous: ____________________
Past Perfect: ___________________

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Perfect.

1. By two o’clock the teacher (to examine) all the students.
2. On my way to school I (to remember) that I (to leave) my report at home.
3. All my friends (to be) glad to hear that I (to pass) all the exams successfully.
4. Poor boy (to open) his eyes, (to look) around and (to try) to remember what (to happen) to him.
5. All the passengers (to see) at once that the old man (to travel) a lot in his life.
6. By the time we (to come) to see him, he (to leave) home.
7. During the holidays my friend (to visit) the village where he (to live) in his childhood.
8. When they (to enter) the hall, the performance already (to begin).
9. When I (to come) home, my mother (to go) shopping.
10. He (to study) French before he (to enter) the university.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple или Past Perfect.

1. I (to think) he already (to go) home.
2. I (not to see) him after we (to meet )at the concert.
3. He (to leave) the house before I (to have ) time to ask him anything.
4. After he (to spend) some days in Paris he (to feel) lonely and (to want) to return home.
5. He (to speak) a language we never (to hear) before.
6. When the rain (to stop), I (to look ) out of the window.
7. The telegram (to come) some minutes after he (to leave).
8. She (to think) that Tom and Lanny (to quarrel).
9. The girl (to be) glad that she (to find) a seat near the window.
10. He (to remember) that he (not to ring) her up in the morning.
11. By the time the train (to reach) the city, he (to make) friends with many passengers.
12. When my uncle (to leave), he (to hurry) to the station to book a ticket.

Сравните употребление Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous и Past Perfect.

1. By eight o’clock yesterday I (to finish) my work and at eight I (to play) the piano.
2. By six o’clock father (to come) home and at six he (to have) dinner.
3. By nine o’clock yesterday grandmother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV.
4. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice-cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street.
5. When father (to come) home, we (to cook) the mushrooms which we (to gather) in the wood.
6. When I (to see) Ann, she (to look) at the flowers which she (to pick) in the field.
7. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that my little brother (to break) my pen and (to play) with its pieces.
8. When I (to open) the door of the classroom, I (to see) that the teacher already (to come) and a student (to write) a test.
9. When I (to come) home my sister (to read) a book which she (to bring) from the library.
10. When mother (to come) home, the children (to eat) the soup which she (to cook) in the morning.
11. When I (to ring) up Mike, he still (to learn) the poem which he (to begin) learning at school.
12. When I (to look) out of the window, the children (to play) with a ball which Pete (to bring) from home.

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Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous u Past Perfect.

Last night we (to go) to a football match. We (to take) a bus. The bus (to be) overcrowded as many people (to want) to see the match. We (to get) off the bus and (to go) in the direction of the stadium. While we (to cross) the road, I (to see) Victor. He (to stand) at the corner. He said he (to wait) for his friend who (to come) to St. Petersburg the day before and (to wish) to see the new stadium. A man (to come) up to me and asked if I (to have) a spare ticket for the match. Victor told us that two boys just (to ask) him whether he (to have) a spare ticket. We (to enter) the stadium just as the football players (to come) out on to the field. At the entrance to the stadium we (to meet) Sergei. He (to show) us to our seats and (to ask) me if I (to play) football in my childhood. We (to agree) to meet in the snack bar during the interval.

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple, Past Continuous u Past Perfect.

1. There (to be) two men in the room. One of them (to write) something while the other (to read) a newspaper.
2. He (not to tell) me that he (to receive) a telegram from her.
3. She (to say) that he (to give) her the wrong address.
5. I (to ask) him where he (to put) my hat.
6. He (to tell) us that they (to spend) all the money.
7. I (to sit) in an armchair and (to think) of my coming trip across the North Sea when the door suddenly (to open) and an old friend of mine whom I (not to see) for a very long time (to enter) the room.
8. She (to come) to see us just at the time when we (to have) dinner. It (to be) the first time I (to see) her.
9. I (to see) him when he (to leave) the hotel.
10. He (to leave) the house before I (to have) time to ask him anything.
11. I (to find) the old man in the garden. He (to talk) to some children who (to stand) around listening to him.
12. He (to tell) me that he (to learn) it from the newspaper.
13. He (to enter) the room, (to take) something from the desk and (to go) out.

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ОТВЕТЫ

Ответы доступны только для пользователей, оплативших подписку «ОТВЕТЫ».

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Отличие Past Perfect от Past Simple + Упражнения с ответами

Время Past Perfect подобно простому прошедшему времени Past Simple, указывает на действие в прошлом. Однако, в отличие от него, действие в Past Perfect уже завершено к моменту начало другого действия в прошлом.

Способы сочетания Past Simple и Past Perfect

1) Past Perfect практически никогда не используется изолированно. Обычно схема такова:

То есть для более раннего действия мы используем Past Perfect, а для более позднего, произошедшего после него – Past Simple.

Например:

He had cleaned the room before he left. – Он убрался в комнате перед тем, как ушел.

Части предложения можно поменять местами:

Before he left, he had cleaned the room. – Перед тем, как он ушел, он убрался в комнате.

2) Если мы говорим о нескольких кратких действиях, произошедших друг за другом, то для всех них мы используем Past Simple:

She opened the fridge, took out some apples and put them on the table. – Она открыла холодильник, достала несколько яблок и положила их на стол.

Past perfect часто употребляется с различимыми обстоятельственными словами с соответствующими значениями:

  • before – прежде
  • by that time – к тому времени
  • by Christmas – к Рождеству
  • by 2 o’clock – к двум часам
  • by the 1st of January – к первому января
  • by Sunday – к воскресенью
  • up to then – до тех пор
  • up to that year – до того года
  • the day week month before – за день неделю месяц до

Например:

  • He had done all by 3 o’clock — Он все сделал к трем часам
  • He had seen them before departure — Он повидал их до их отъезда

Present Perfect никогда не употребляется с такими обозначениями прошедших моментов как:

  • yesterday
  • last week
  • an hour ago
  • at five o’clock и т.п.

С ними употребляется Past Simple — много упражнений с ответами

Упражнения с ответами

Упражнение 1. Use Past Simple or Past Perfect.

  1. When Lisa _______ (arrive) at the airport she ____________ (discover) she _________ (forget) her passport.
  2. After visiting the library Nelly __________ (buy) some milk and __________ (go) home.
  3. Zoe ________ (open) her handbag and ___________ (find) out that she _________ (forget) her credit card.
  4. They ____________ (get) home to find that somebody __________ (break) into their house.
  5. Lisa ___________ (know) her husband for two years when they ____________ (get) married.
  6. Jillian ____________ (be) very pleased to see that Jack ______________ (clean) the kitchen.
  7. When Neil ___________ (arrive) at the party he __________ (learn) that Judith ___________ (just / leave).
  8. Bill ___________ (feel) sick last night because he __________ (eat) too many cakes at the party.
  9. First I __________ (tidy) the flat, then I _____________ (sit) down and _________ (have) a cup of tea.
  10. When Molly ________ (open) the curtains she________ (see) that the ground ________ (be) white.

Упражнение 2. Найдите и исправьте ошибки в употреблении времен.

  1. My sister Molly lived in London before she had Moved to New Zealand.
  2. After Nick ate the sandwiches, he drank some juice.
  3. Nick had eaten all the sandwiches, had drunk all the juice and had gone to work.
  4. As Neil had missed the bus, he walked home.
  5. Sandy just started to watch TV when the phone rang.

Ответы к упражнениям

PAST SIMPLE / PAST PERFECT / PAST CONTINUOUS / PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS

Источник

Упражнения «Сравнение времен Past Simple – Past Perfect» (с ответами)

1. Поставьте глаголы из скобок в форму Past Simple или Past Perfect.

  1. Simon . (be) very glad to see that his brother . (do) the homework. (Саймон очень обрадовался, когда увидел, что его брат сделал уроки.)
  2. By the time the film . (end), she . (fall asleep). (К тому времени, когда закончился фильм, она уснула.)
  3. I really . (feel) sick last night because I . (eat) too much raw fish. (Мне было очень плохо прошлой ночью оттого, что я съел слишком много сырой рыбы.)
  4. When Richard . (arrive) at the station he . (find) that his wife just . (leave). (Когда Ричард приехал на вокзал, он обнаружил, что его жена только что уехала.)
  5. First he . (make) a toast, then he . (sit down) and . (drink) a white coffee. (Сначала он приготовил тост, затем присел и выпил кофе с молоком.)
  6. Kate . (walk) home because she . (miss) the last bus. (Кейт пошла домой пешком, потому что не успела на последний автобус.)
  7. By the time we . (get) to Brazil, we already . (spend) all our money. (К тому времени, когда мы добрались до Бразилии, мы уже потратили все наши деньги.)
  8. I . (decide) to become a fireman by the time I . (be) eight. (Я решил стать пожарным к тому времени, когда мне исполнилось 8 лет.)
  9. She … (sign) the contract before we . (come). (Она подписала контракт до того, как мы пришли.)
  10. I . (phone) my son and . (say) that Bob . (see) him in the pub. (Я позвонила своему сыну и сказала, что Боб видел его в пивной.)
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2. Найдите и исправьте в предложениях ошибки во временной форме глаголов.

  1. They were late but the lecture didn’t start yet. (Они опоздали, но лекция еще не началась.)
  2. I had remembered that I left the iron switched on. (Я вспомнила, что оставила утюг включенным.)
  3. The floor was slippery because Tom spilt some juice on it. (Пол был скользким, потому что Том пролил на него немного сока.)
  4. Mary had given me the book I hadn’t read before. (Мэри дала мне книгу, которую я раньше не читал.)
  5. He returned home because he didn’t lock the door. (Он вернулся домой, потому что не запер дверь)
  6. Before the pupils had started the exam, they had switched their mobiles off. (Перед тем, как ученики начали сдавать экзамен, они выключили свои мобильные телефоны.)
  7. Fred gave me the car back after he used it. (Фред отдал мне машину обратно после того, как попользовался ею.)
  8. The concert had finished and we had gone to a nice restaurant. (Концерт закончился, и мы пошли в хороший ресторан.)
  9. I didn’t recognize Henry because he lost much weight and grew a moustache. (Я не узнал Генри, потому что он сильно похудел и отрастил усы.)
  10. I visited so many beautiful places in China before I had come to the Great Wall. ( Я посетил так много прекрасных мест в Китае до того, как добрался до Великой Стены.)

Ответы:

  1. was – had done
  2. ended – had fallen asleep
  3. felt – had eaten
  4. arrived – found – had just left
  5. made – sat down – drank
  6. walked – had missed
  7. got – had already spent
  8. had decided – was
  9. had signed – came
  10. phoned – said – had seen
  1. They were late but the lecture hadn’t started yet.
  2. I remembered that I had left the iron switched on.
  3. The floor was slippery because Tom had spilt some juice on it.
  4. Mary gave me the book I hadn’t read before.
  5. He returned home because he hadn’t locked the door.
  6. Before the pupils started the exam, they had switched their mobiles off.
  7. Fred gave me the car back after he had used it.
  8. The concert finished and we went to a nice restaurant.
  9. I didn’t recognize Henry because he had lost much weight and grown a moustache.
  10. I had visited so many beautiful places in China before I came to the Great Wall.

Источник

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