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английский язык герундий инфинитив упражнения с ответами

Инфинитив и -ing форма глагола. Упражнения с ответами

Инфинитив — это начальная форма глагола (т.е. форма, лишенная грамматической нагрузки — идти, петь, спать — нам не известно, кто именно (он, она или оно) выполняет, выполнил или выполнит действие). Отвечает на вопросы что делать?, что сделать?.

В английском языке показателем инфинитива является частицей to перед глаголом: to go, to sing, to sleep — идти, петь, спать.

Герундий — это безличная форма глагола, которая сочетает в себе признаки глагола и существительного (running — бег, swimming — плаванье и т.п. ).

Не собьет ли Вас с толку употребление -ing формы глагола (герундия) и инфинитива? Сейчас проверим!

Exercise 1. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму (-ing форма (герундий)) или инфинитив (с или без to).

  1. His mother always tells him (study) hard.
  2. Does she know how (play) this game?
  3. You need (say) sorry to your mother.
  4. Do you fancy (go) out tonight?
  5. You must (visit) your grandma at hospital.
  6. I’ve never been to a language camp but I’d like (go) one day.

Answers: 1. to study 2. to play 3. to say 4. going 5. visit 6. to go.

Exercise 2. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму (-ing форма (герундий)) или инфинитив (с или без to).

  1. You should avoid (have) an argument with your mother.
  2. Let me (stay) up a little longer. I don’t want to come back in empty house.
  3. The attic needs (paint).
  4. They didn’t let us (leave) the room.
  5. She’s not old enough (drive) a car.
  6. Take a deep breath (feel) better.
  7. I can’t stand (watch) stupid videos.
  8. My parents made me (stay) at home.
  9. Will you help me (repair) this toy?
  10. It’s not worth (try) to spend your time on him.
  11. You should (be) very careful when you cross the street.
  12. He was advised (report) about the accident to the police.
  13. I canIt wait (tell) you the good news.
  14. She can’t stand (be/told) lies.
  15. I don’t mind (help) you with the homework.

Answers: 1. having 2. stay 3. painting 4. leave 5. to drive 6. to feel 7. watching 8. stay 9. repair 10. trying 11. be 12. to report 13. to tell 14. being told 15. helping.

Exercise 3. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму (-ing форма (герундий)) или инфинитив (с или без to).

  1. I’m hungry! How about (order) a pizza?
  2. I would like (be) a musician when I’m older.
  3. Her mother made her (tell) where she had been last night.
  4. It’s to late (apply) for the job. They’ve already found a teacher.
  5. I love (play) board games with my family.
  6. He went to the gym without (eat) any dinner.
  7. It was very unusual for our teacher (shout) like that.
  8. There’s no point in (do) this.
  9. I’d love (see) your rabbit!
  10. Bill keeps (forget) to do his chores.
  11. You must (go) with her.
  12. Do you fancy (go) to the cinema now?

Answers: 1. ordering 2. to be 3. tell 4. to apply 5. playing/to play 6. eating 7. to shout 8. doing 9. to see 10. forgetting 11. report 12. going.

Exercise 4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму (-ing форма (герундий)) или инфинитив (с или без to).

  1. She did’t mean (be) rude. It was just a joke.
  2. Dieting means (be) very careful about food.
  3. I remember (put) my wallet in my bag before I left home.
  4. Did you remember (buy) some milk?
  5. He went on (type) his report until the morning.
  6. After Jane had completed her Italian course she went on (improve) her Spanish.
  7. Why don’t you try (drink) not so much coffee?
  8. I tried (open) the door but I couldn’t.
  9. We regret (tell) you that you have not been selected for the team.
  10. Sam regretted (tell) his best friend lies.
  11. Children had been playing for quite a while before they stopped (have) dinner.
  12. She’s been having trouble sleeping lately so she’s (have) coffee in the afternoon.
  13. I hate (bother) you, but may I ask you to help me?
  14. I hate (cause) you so much trouble.
  15. I will never forget (meet) you for the first time.
  16. Tom forgot (buy) milk.

Answers: 1. to be 2. being 3.putting 4. to buy 5. typing 6. to improve 7. drinking 8. to open 9. to tell 10. telling 11. to have 12. having 13. bothering 14. to cause 15. meeting 16. to buy.

Читайте также:  какие упражнения надо делать чтобы похудели бедра и ляшки

WELL DONE!

Литература:

  1. Английский язык. 8 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. организаций/Ю.Е. Ваулина, Д. Дули, Просвещение, 2016.
  2. Английский язык. 9 класс: учеб. для общеобразоват. организаций/Ю.Е. Ваулина, Д. Дули, Просвещение, 2016.

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Материал для тренировки и контроля усвоения грамматического материала по теме «Infinitive Vs Gerund »
методическая разработка по английскому языку (10 класс) по теме

Материал рассчитан на учащихся 10-11 классов

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Предварительный просмотр:

Infinitive Vs Gerund

1. Выберите из скобок герундий или инфинитив.

  1. I am planning … (to visit/visiting) my granny next week. (Я планирую навестить бабулю на следующей неделе.)
  2. When they finish … (to eat/eating) their lunch, they’ll go to the office. (Когда они закончат обедать, они отправятся в офис.)
  3. He suggested … (to buy/buying) some food. (Он предложил купить немного продуктов.)
  4. Does Sally enjoy … (to go/going) to the gym? (Сэлли нравится ходить в тренажерный зал?)
  5. Don’t put off … (to write/writing) a report till the end of the month. (Не откладывай написание доклада до конца месяца.)
  6. John refused … (to answer/answering) my question. (Джон отказался отвечать на мой вопрос.)
  7. My brother intends … (to get/getting) married soon. (Мой брат намеревается скоро жениться.)
  8. I think she didn’t mean … (to hurt/hurting) you. (Думаю, она не хотела обидеть тебя.)
  9. Keep … (to beat/beating) the eggs. (Продолжай взбивать яйца.)
  10. Fred can’t afford … (to travel/travelling) this year. (Фред не может себе позволить в этом году путешествовать.)
  11. We expect … (to leave/leaving) tomorrow. (Мы собираемся уехать завтра.)
  12. Mary decided … (to fly/flying) to Venice. (Мэри решила полететь в Венецию.)
  13. The sportsmen hope … (to get/getting) the best results. (Спортсмены надеются добиться лучших результатов.)
  14. Are you going to give up … (to smoke/smoking)? (Ты собираешься бросать курить?)
  15. They don’t want … (to have/having) any more children. (Они больше не хотят иметь детей.)
  16. I don’t mind … (to wash up/washing up). (Я не против того, чтобы помыть посуду.)
  17. Girls, stop … (to giggle/giggling). (Девочки, перестаньте хихикать.)
  18. Ben likes … (to play/playing) chess. (Бен любит играть в шахматы.)
  19. Lara goes … (to dance/dancing) every weekend. (Лара ходит на танцы каждые выходные.)
  20. Harry can’t stand … (to work/working) on Saturdays. (Гарри не выносит работы по субботам.)

2. Выберите инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.

  1. We can … (speak/to speak) Spanish. ( Мы умеем говорить по-испански.)
  2. He often makes me … (feel/to feel) guilty. (Он часто заставляет меня чувствовать виноватой.)
  3. You have … (be/to be) friendly and polite. (Ты должен быть дружелюбным и вежливым.)
  4. She must … (stay/to stay). (Она обязана остаться.)
  5. The lawyer will … (call/to call) you later. (Юрист позвонит вам позже.)
  6. I’d like … (send/to send) him a present. (Я бы хотела послать ему подарок.)
  7. You’d better … (move/to move) faster. (Тебе лучше двигаться быстрее.)
  8. We heard somebody … (enter/to enter) the apartment. (Мы слышали, как кто-то вошел в квартиру.)
  9. Mother wants … (paint/to paint) the walls in the kitchen. (Мама хочет покрасить стены на кухне.)
  10. We decided … (sell/to sell) the car. (Мы решили продать машину.)
  11. He always fails … (keep/to keep) his word. (Он всегда не сдерживает слово.)
  12. I am trying … (lift/to lift) this heavy stone. (Я пытаюсь поднять этот тяжелый камень.)
  13. Let me … (give/to give) you some advice. (Позволь мне дать тебе совет.)
  14. It may … (cost/to cost) too much. (Это может стоить слишком много.)
  15. She saw him … (cross/to cross) the street. (Она видела, как он переходит улицу.)

3. Составьте предложения, выбрав начало из первого столбца и окончание – из второго.

  1. She is interested a) drinking alcohol.
  2. I would like b) to seeing my daughter.
  3. You should give up c) being ill.
  4. We really enjoy d) laughing at her.
  5. I’m looking forward e) to living in a dirty house.
  6. He is used f) talking to drunk people.
  7. She pretended g) swimming in the sea.
  8. Pamela is good h) to have a cup of coffee.
  9. I couldn’t help i) in surfing the Internet.
  10. She avoids j) at riding a horse.
  1. to visit
  2. eating
  3. buying
  4. going
  5. writing
  6. to answer
  7. to get
  8. to hurt
  9. beating
  10. to travel
  11. to leave
  12. to fly
  13. to get
  14. smoking
  15. to have
  16. washing up
  17. giggling
  18. playing
  19. dancing
  20. working

1 – i (Ее интересует проведение времени в интернете.)

2 – h (Я бы хотел выпить чашку кофе.)

3 – a (Тебе нужно бросить употреблять алкоголь.)

4 – g (Нам очень нравится плавать в море.)

5 – b (С нетерпением жду встречи с дочкой.)

6 – e (Он привык жить в грязном доме.)

7 – c (Она притворилась больной.)

8 – j (У Памелы есть способности к езде верхом на лошади.)

9 – d (Я не мог не смеяться над ней.)

10 – f (Она избегает разговоров с пьяными.)

Предварительный просмотр:

Infinitive Vs Gerund
Раскройте скобки, употребив слова в правильной форме. Вставь глагол в нужной форме — инфинитив или герундий.

1) I can’t imagine her (drive) a car.
2) He agreed (buy) his son a new CD player.
3) I enjoy (drive) at night.
4) The man asked me (open) the door.
5) I look forward to (see) you at the weekend.
6) Are you thinking of (visit) New York?
7) We decided (stay) in that beautiful town.
8) The teacher expected Michael (study) hard.
9) He doesn’t mind (work) the night shift.
10) I learned (ride) a bike at the age of 6.
11) The girl go on (read) the book.

1. A: You lent me some money a few months ago.

B: Did I? That’s strange. I don’t remember _________ (lend) you any money.

2. We tried __________ (put) the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade.

3. When you see Tom, remember _____________ (give) him my regards, won’t you?

4. What do you intend ___________ (do) about this problem?

5. Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember ___________ (leave) it by the window and now it has gone.

6. When she saw what had happened, she began ____________ (laugh) loudly.

7. Sue needed some money. She tried ___________ (ask) Gerry but he couldn’t help her.

8. He tried _________________ (reach) the shelf but he wasn’t tall enough.

9. “Did you remember _____________ (phone) Ann?” “Oh no, I completely forgot.”

10. I asked them to quiet but they continued __________ (make) a lot of noise.

Раскройте скобки и поставьте глагол в форму инфинитива или герундия.

1. I’ll never forget …………………….. (sail) down the Volga on that lovely summer day.

2. I am so sorry; I forgot …………………….. (let) you know.

3. Don’t forget …………………….. (remind) them about the party.

4. I remember …………………….. (see) you somewhere.

5. Did you remember …………………….. (water) the plants today?

6. We regret …………………….. (tell) you that you have failed this exam.

7. He regrets …………………….. (make) that mistake; now he doesn’t have money.

8. After learning Spanish, she went on …………………….. (make) dinner.

9. They went on …………………….. (discuss) this question for hours.

10. I’m sorry …………………….. (interrupt), but can I ask you something?

11. Bob was sorry for …………………….. (shout) at his little sister.

12. He stopped …………………….. (smoke) when he realized how dangerous it was.

13. Amanda stopped …………………….. (have) a quick snack and then continued translating the article.

14. You should try …………………….. (exercise), you may feel better.

15. They tried …………………….. (lift) that tree trunk, but it was too heavy for them.

16. Being a doctor means …………………….. (help) people.

17. I am sorry; I didn’t mean …………………….. (hurt) you.

  1. I’ll never forget sailing down the Volga on that lovely summer day.
  2. I am so sorry; I forgot to let you know.
  3. Don’t forget to remind them about the party.
  4. I remember seeing you somewhere.
  5. Did you remember to water the plants today?
  6. We regret to tell you that you have failed this exam.
  7. He regrets making that mistake; now he doesn’t have money.
  8. After learning Spanish, she went on to make dinner.
  9. They went on discussing this question for hours.
  10. I’m sorry to interrupt , but can I ask you something?
  11. Bob was sorry for shouting at his little sister.
  12. He stopped smoking when he realised how dangerous it was.
  13. Amanda stopped to have a quick snack and then continued translating the article.
  14. You should try exercising , you may feel better.
  15. They tried to lift that tree trunk, but it was too heavy for them.
  16. Being a doctor means helping people.
  17. I am sorry; I didn’t mean to hurt you.

1. A: You lent me some money a few months ago.

B:Did I? That’s strange. I don’t remember lending you any money.

2. We tried to put the fire out but we were unsuccessful. We had to call the fire-brigade.

3. When you see Tom, remember to give him my regards, won’t you?

4. What do you intend to do/doing about this problem?

5. Someone must have taken my bag. I clearly remember leaving it by the window and now it has gone.

6. When she saw what had happened, she began to laugh/laughing loudly.

7. Sue needed some money. She tried asking Gerry but he couldn’t help her.

8. He tried to reach the shelf but he wasn’t tall enough.

9. “Did you remember to phone Ann?” “Oh no, I completely forgot.”

10. I asked them to be quiet but they continued to make/making a lot of noise.

Предварительный просмотр:

Infinitive / V-ing form

1. Put “to” where necessary.

1. I think you ought … apologize.
2. Make him … speak louder.
3. Help me … carry this bag.
4. My son asked me … let him … go to the theatre.
5. I must … go to the country.
6. It cannot … be done to-day.
7. She asked me … read the letter carefully and … write an answer.
8. The man told me not … walk on the grass.
9. Let me … help you with your work.
10. She ought … take care of her health.
11. We had better … stop to rest a little.
12. I don’t know what … do.
13. He was seen … leave the house.
14. We have come … ask whether there is anything we can … do.
15. We heard the siren … sound and saw the ship … move.
16. I cannot … go there now, I have some work … do.
17. During the crossing the passengers felt the ship … toss.
18. You must make him … practice an hour a day.
19. He is not sure that it can … be done, but he is willing … try.
20. I looked for the book everywhere but could not … find it.
21. He said that she might … come in the evening.
22. She was made … repeat the song.
23. Would you rather … learn shorthand than typewriting?

2. Make infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.

1. When I’m tired, I enjoy . television. It’s relaxing. (watch)
2. It was a nice day, so we decided . for a walk. (go)
3. It’s a nice day. Does anyone fancy . for a walk? (go)
4. I’m not in a hurry. I don’t mind . (wait)
5. They don’t have much money. They can’t afford . out very often. (go)
6. I wish that dog would stop . It’s driving me mad. (bark)
7. Our neighbour threatened . the police if we didn’t stop the noise. (call)
8. We were hungry, so I suggested . dinner early. (have)
9. Hurry up! I don’t want to risk . the train. (miss)
10. I’m still looking for a job but I hope . something soon. (find)

3. Complete the following sentences with infinitives (add “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs below to make them grammatically correct.

1. He tried to avoid . my question.
2. Could you please stop . so much noise?
3. I enjoy . to music.
4. I considered . for the job but in the end I decided against it.
5. Have you finished . your hair yet?
6. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk . knocked down.
7. Jim is 65 but he isn’t going to retire yet. He wants to carry on .
8. I don’t mind you . the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.
9. Hello! Fancy . you here! What a surprise!
10. I’ve put off . the letter so many times. I really must do it today.
11. What a stupid thing to do! Can you imagine anybody . so stupid?
12. Sarah gave up . to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.

4. Make infinitives (with or without “to”) or gerunds (add “-ing”) of the verbs in brackets to make the following sentences grammatically correct.

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