Базовые времена в английском языке. Упражнения для начинающих
Типичная ситуация, когда вы изучили базовые времена в английском языке по отдельности, но прошло некоторое время и они перепутались у вас в голове. В этом случае начинать изучение времен сначала не надо! Надо просто систематизировать ваши знания, то есть не просто повторить, а разложить все по полочкам. Такие знания имеют логическую основу и забыть их просто невозможно!
Итак, в этом уроке мы повторим все изученные времена в английском языке Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple и Future Simple, но сделаем это в сравнении.
Времена в английском языке для начинающих
(Упражнения на повторение — Revision)
1. Упражнения на Present Simple VS Present Continuous
Упражнение 1. Как видно из таблицы в этих временах к глаголу-действию добавляются окончания: -S и -ING. Выполните упражнение и вспомните, какие изменения происходят с глаголом при добавлении этих окончаний.
Упражнение 3. Составьте предложения. Используйте Present Simple или Present Continuous.
Упражнение 4. Закончите предложения. Используйте Present Simple или Present Continuous.
- I …… (watch) TV every day.
- They ………… ( watch) cartoons at the moment.
- She ………….. (like) watching news.
- Mark ……… (make) noise now.
- They………… (want) to go to the ballet school.
- Kate ………… (have) dancing lessons in a club.
- Our teacher ………… (make) us do homework.
- Our mother ………… (make) us clean your room every day.
- I ……. (want) to do boxing.
- My friend ………… (do) boxing now.
Упражнение 5. Вспомните, как строятся вопросы и ответы в Present Simple и Present Continuous.
1. …………………… you usually wear jeans? — Yes, …………………………
2. ……………………. you wearing jeans now?- Yes, …………………………
3. ……………………. he wear the shoes in winter? — Yes, ………………………..
4. ……………………. he wearing a cap? — Yes, …………………………
5. ……………………. your sister wear T-shirts? — No, …………………………
6. ……………………. he doing his homework? — No, …………………………
7. ……………………. they watching TV? — No, …………………………
8…………………….. they watch TV in the morning? — No, …………………………
Упражнение 6. Найдите ошибки в предложении.
2. Упражнения на Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple
Изучите таблицу простых времен в английском языке — Simple Tenses и ответьте на вопросы.
- Какие вспомогательные глаголы используются в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple?
- Какие формы глаголов используются в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple (+)?
- Какие окончания добавляются к глаголам в Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple (+)?
- Сохраняются ли окончания в (-) и (?) предложениях? Какие правила про окончания вы помните?
Упражнение 7. Выполните, используя Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple.
* * *
Упражнение 8. Выполните, используя Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple.
Упражнение 9. Вспомните конструкцию местонахождения There is/ are и выполните упражнение, употребляя эту конструкцию в разных временах.
1. Our park is nice. ……………. a good playground there.
2. ……………. an old house near our school a year ago. Now ……………. a new playground there.
3. ……………. some strawberries in the fridge. You can take them.
4. ……………. some bananas in the bag. Where are they now?
5. ……………. a lot of apples in autumn.
6. …………….. a lot of apples next autumn.
7. ……………. a stadium and three playgrounds near our house. We can play sports every day.
8. ……………. three playgrounds and a stadium near our house. We always play sports after school.
9. ……………. three apples and a banana in the fridge. You can give them to Sam.
10. ……………. a banana and three apples in the fridge. Can we make fruit salad?
Упражнение 10. Перепишите следующий текст в прошедшем времени.
On Monday we have five lessons. The first lesson is Russian. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Nick goes to the blackboard. He answers well and gets a «five». Pete does not get a «five» because he does not know his lesson. After the second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and change the book. Then I go home!
Упражнение 11. Заполните таблицу. Используйте Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple.
Упражнение 12. Переведите временные выражения-подсказки. Распределите их по изученным временам и нарисуйте схемы времен.
- sometimes ________
- yesterday _______
- soon _______
- next day ________
- in 2000________
- ago ______
- always _____
- often _______
- in a day ______
- usually _____
- last _____
Упражнение 13. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в нужном времени Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple.
1. Не often (bring) me flowers. 2. I (meet) Paul yesterday. 3. They (visit) us tomorrow. 4. What (you/do) next morning? 5. Mr Jones (buy) a car last month. 6. Mary (go) to school on foot every day. 7. It (be) hot soon. 8. The baby (not/sleep) well last week. 9. He never (drive) fast. 10. Lessy (live) in Paris in 1989.
Упражнение 14. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в нужном времени Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple.
1. I (know) his family. 2. She (not/study) at this school. 3. … you (see) them yesterday? 4. He (not/have) a dog. 5. They (write) exercises at the lessons. 6. She (start) school last year. 7. She (not/go) to school. 8. There (be) an interesting film on TV soon. 9. I (not/go) to the country on my holidays next year. 10. Last week we (be) at the library.
Упражнение 15. Закончите предложения. Используйте Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple.
- We often … (play) basketball.
- I … (spend) next holidays very well (хорошо).
- Tomorrow he … (spend) money and … (buy) a new CD.
- They … (go) abroad last month.
- We … (go) to football matches every year.
- She … (go) shopping yesterday evening.
- He … (miss) his parents last month.
- She … (make) cakes every day.
- They … (ask ) a lot of questions next week.
- We … (discuss) texts at the lesson tomorrow.
Упражнение 16. Закончите предложения. Используйте Present Simple, Past Simple и Future Simple.
- He … (not meet) his friend every week.
- She … (not meet) her parents yesterday.
- They … (fight) last week.
- When … the party… (begin) tomorrow?
- What … you … (get) for your last birthday?
- He often … (to forget) his textbook at home.
- The teacher … (to hear) the noise at the last desk.
- They … (not to win) the prize yesterday.
- I … (not to feed) my cat every day.
- What … you … (do) tomorrow?
3. Упражнения на Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous
Упражнение 17. Закончите предложения. Используйте Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple & Present Continuous.
- (Granny / teach me English / now)
- (Granny / teach me English / when I was seven)
- (They / speak English / at the moment)
- (She / speak English well / soon)
- (He / use the computer / now)
- (He / use the computer / every day)
- (We / learn the rules / at the moment)
- (We / learn new rules / tomorrow)
- (I / do lessons / now)
- (I / do lessons / two days ago)
Упражнение 18. Закончите предложения. Используйте Present Simple, Past Simple, Future Simple & Present Continuous.
- He ……………………… (wash) his car last Saturday.
- He ………………………. (wash) his car at the moment.
- He often………………… (wash) his car.
- We ……………………….. (buy) the chair a month ago.
- They ………………….. (make) friends when they………………. (be) little children.
- She……………………….. (do) a grammar exercise now.
- She is a pupil. She often …………… (do) grammar exercises.
- She……………………………(do) the exercise an hour ago.
- His grandfather …………….. (work) at the circus when he ……………………. (be) young.
- Don’t ask him any questions now. He …………….. (work).
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Упражнения на закрепления времён английского языка
Предлагаю Вам подборку разноуровневых упражнений на отработку темы «Времена глагола» в английском языке. Уровень упражнений варьируется от Pre-Intermediate до Upper – Intermediate. В упражнениях проверяется только активный залог. Все упражнения предлагаются с ответами. English Tenses Exercises are here!
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«Упражнения на закрепления времён английского языка»
Упражнения на закрепление времен в английском языке
They (start) work at 9:00 a.m.
He (talk) on the phone right now
They (redecorate) their house this week
He (take) a shower has breakfast and (go) to school.
He (take) his cat to the vet tomorrow.
She (live) in Moscow).
Tom (catch) the train to work every morning.
We (try) to find tickets for the concert for three weeks.
Fred (work) for the company for ten weeks.
They (buy) a new car.
Kate (leave) the sports club late yesterday.
Nike (come) home (change) his clothes and (go) out again.
The children (walk) to school at 8:00 a.m. Yesterday.
Ann (go) to Bob’s house at 5 in the afternoon.
I (do) my homework while my brother (play) a computer game.
He (cook) for over an hour.
The washer (work) fine now.
They start work at 9:00 a.m.
He is talking on the phone right now
They are redecorating their house this week
He takes a shower has breakfast and goes to school.
He is taking his cat to the vet tomorrow.
She lives in Moscow.
Tom catches the train to work every morning.
He has cleaned his room
We have been trying to find tickets for the concert for three weeks.
Fred has been working for the company for ten weeks.
They have bought a new car.
Kate left the sports club late yesterday.
Nike came home changed his clothes and went out again.
The children were walking to school at 8:00 a.m.yesterday.
Ann went to Bob’s house at 5 in the afternoon.
I am doing my homework while my brother was playing a computer game.
He has been cooking for over an hour
The washer is working fine now
Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Pre-Intermediate.
Упражнение 1. Join the two parts of sentences.
1. Fred plays tennis.
2. Fred is playing tennis.
3. Fred has played tennis.
4. Fred played tennis.
5. Fred was playing tennis.
6. Fred will play tennis.
b) for several times.
Упражнение 2. Copy the sentences and note if they refer to the present, past or future. Write the tense against each sentence.
Example: He cut his finger with a knife. (Simple Past)
He often cuts himself.
What time did John arrive?
I never forget anything.
Are you sitting comfortably?
We drank a lot of Coke at the party.
It was raining all night.
The train will leave in a few minutes.
I put on a clean shirt yesterday.
Упражнение 3. Put the following sentences into the correct tense: Simple Past, Simple Present, Present Continuous or Past Continuous, Present Perfect.
I ________ (listen) to the radio while Mary __________ (cook) dinner.
You __________ (buy) this book yesterday?
Last Friday Jill __________ (go) home early because she __________ (want) to see a film.
When your brother usually __________ (get) home in the evening?
Jane always __________ (bring) us a nice present.
What those people __________ (do) in the middle of the road?
You __________ (read) this book?
While Fred __________ (sleep), Judy __________ (watch) TV.
When I __________ (be) young, I __________ (think) Mary __________ (be) nice — but now I __________ (think) she’s fantastic.
Jill __________ (walk) home when she __________ (see) her husband’s car outside the cinema
Look there! Sue and Tim __________ (run) to school.
Jack’s father __________ (not work) in London — he __________ (not speak) English.
Joe __________ (buy) a car yesterday.
Their father often __________ (go) to rock concerts.
While you __________ (sleep), mother __________ (arrive).
Упражнение 4. Исправьте ошибки.
When she was younger, she has played tennis every day.
It’s already 10:00, but Jane hasn’t finished her homework already.
Joe crashed his car three times since Christmas.
Did you done your homework, or have you been watching TV?
Karl has been driving since five years.
This hotel has been already in business for twenty years.
Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Intermediate.
Упражнение 5. Put the verbs in brackets in the correct tense form (Present Simple, Present Perfect, Present Continuous, Past Simple, Past Continuous).
Alice . (not to take) the bus to school every day. She usually . (to walk) to school.
(to take) … you the bus to get to school or . (to walk) you?
Who is this man? I . (to think) that I . (to know) him, but I . (to forget) his name.
The children . (to have) a good time in the park yesterday. They . (to give) small pieces of bread to the ducks. Then they . (to take) pictures of themselves.
Where are the children? They . (to watch) TV in the room now. Some minutes ago they . (to play) a game.
Now I am in my class. I. (to sit) at my desk. I always . (to sit) at the same desk.
Упражнение 6. Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Future Simple, Present Continuous или поставьте конструкцию to be going + to inf.
When you_____ (know) your examination results?
Kathy_____ (travel) to Caracas next month to attend a conference.
Do you have any plans for lunch today? — I _____ (meet) Shannon at the Sham Cafe in an hour. Do you want to join us?
I ____ (buy) a bicycle for my son for his birthday next month. Do you know anything about bikes for kids? — Sure. What do you want to know?
How do you like your new job? — I don’t start it until tomorrow. I_____ (give) you an answer next week.
I suppose he_____ (talk) about his new invention.
Why are you packing your suitcase? — I_____ (leave) for Los Angeles in a couple of hours.
My regular doctor, Dr. Jordan, _____ (attend) a conference in Las Vegas next week, so I hope I _____ (meet) her partner, Dr. Peterson, when I _____ (go) for my appointment next Friday.
What time class _____ (begin) tomorrow morning? — It_____ (begin) at eight o’clock sharp.
The coffee shop _____ (open) at seven o’clock tomorrow morning. I’ll meet you there at 7:15. — Okay. I’ll be there.
Упражнение 7. Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Future Continuous, Present Continuous, Future Simple или поставьте конструкцию to be going + to inf.
At 5 o’clock tomorrow he _______ (work).
He can’t come at noon tomorrow because he _______ (give) a lesson at that time.
She_______ (read) an interesting book the whole evening tomorrow.
At 10 o’clock tomorrow morning he_______ (talk) to his friend.
You will recognize her when you see her. She_______ (wear) a yellow hat.
He_______ (have a party) on Saturday 4th December in London at 10 pm.
In the next days you _______ (visit) famous sights.
Jeanne and Paul_______ (move) to London next month.
Leave the washing up. -I _______ (do) it later.
This time tomorrow I _______ (lie) on the beach.
Look out! You _______ (spill) your tea!
Упражнение 8. Упражнение раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous, Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, Past Simple.
Aren’t you about to finish with the dishes? You _______ (wash) the dishes for thirty minutes or more. How long can it take you to wash the dishes?
We _______ (go) to the Steak House restaurant many times. The food is excellent.
A: What is that sound? B: A car alarm _______ (ring) somewhere down the street. It _______ (drive) me crazy —I wish it would stop! It _______ (ring) for more than twenty minutes.
Can you translate this note from Stockholm? I understood Swedish when I _______ (be) a child, but I _______ (forget) it all.
What’s that dent in the side of the car? You _______ (have) an accident?
I’m sorry, John’s not here; he _______ (go) to the dentist. He _______ (have) trouble with a tooth for some time.
This cassette recorder is broken. You _______ (play) about with it?
Your Italian is very good. You _______ (study) it long?
Do you mind if I clear the table? You _______ (have) enough to eat?
Ann never _______ (go) camping. She _______ (not sleep) in a tent.
Frank, where have you been? We _______ (wait) for you since 1 p.m.
I’m not surprised he _______ (fail) that exam. He _______ (not / work) hard recently.
Упражнение 9. Pаскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect, Past Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.
Oh no! The children _______ (cook). Look at the state of this kitchen!
How many times Wendy _______ (be) late for work this week?
I’m going to give that cat some food. It _______ (sit) on the doorstep for hours. I’m sure it’s starving.
I _______ (do) grammar exercises all morning. I deserve a treat for lunch.
You _______ (not / buy) your mother a present? That’s really mean of you.
She _______ (work) in Australia for 2 years. Then she moved.
Now where are my keys? This is the third time I _______ (lose) them today
You _______ (ever/play) chess? You should try it. I’m sure it’s the sort that you’d like.
Oh do be quiet. You _______ (grumble) all day!
Your tennis _______ (really / improve)! You _______ (practice) in secret?
Упражнения на времена английского глагола. Уровень Upper -Intermediate.
Упражнение 10. Подчеркните правильно выбранное время.
I am writing in connection with the advertisement which appeared / has appeared on 12 April.
I originally studied/ have studied chemistry at university. I graduated / have been graduating with a first-class degree.
I now completed / have now completed a postgraduate degree in administration.
I’ve been trying / I’ve tried to find a permanent job for a considerable time.
Indeed, I have already worked /I have already been working for several companies on a temporary basis.
In my first job, I was / have been responsible for marketing,
I’ve been applying / have applied for several posts this year but I did not manage / have not managed to find what I’m looking for.
The last job I applied / have applied for required applicants to speak some Japanese,
I started learning / have been learning Spanish a few months ago I did not obtain / have not obtained a qualification in it yet.
I did not apply / have not applied for a job with your company before.
I hoped / have hoped that you would consider my application favourably.
However, I have been waiting/ have waited for a reply for weeks and I still have not received / did not receive any answer.
Упражнение 11. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect, Past Simple или Present Perfect Continuous.
Today is Thursday, and John ________ (be) late twice this week; he________ (be) late yesterday and on Monday.
I first________ (meet) George a month ago, and I ________ (meet) him several times since then.
It is October now, and we ________ (do) a lot of work this year; we ________ (do) a lot last year too.
She ________ (buy) a coat last winter, but she________ (not / buy) a new dress since 2008.
It’s only the middle of the month, and he________ (spend) (already) most of his salary; he ________ (spend) $60 yesterday,
I ________ (break) my leg in 1991, but I ________ (break) (never) my arm.
He’s over sixty, and he’s still working. He ________ (work) hard all his life. When he ________ (be) a young man, he sometimes ________ (work) all night.
The postman ________ (come) at eight yesterday, but it’s now half past eight and he ________ (not / come) yet.
Today is May 25th. Ted ________ (not / be) absent this month.
He ________ (feel) extremely ill when he went to hospital, but he ________ (feel) much better since he came out of hospital a month ago.
1 – a, 2 – c, 3 – b, 4 – f,5 – d, 6 – e.
1 Present Simple/indefinite, 2 Past Simple/Indefinite, 3 Present Simple/indefinite, 4 Present Continuous/Progressive, 5 Past Simple/Indefinite, 6 Past Continuous/Progressive, 7 Future Simple / Indefinite, 8 Past Simple/Indefinite
1 was listening / was cooking, 2 did you buy, 3 went / wanted, 4 does your brother usually get, 5 brings, 6 are people doing, 7 have you read, 8 was sleeping / was watching, 9 was /thought / think, 10 was walking / saw, 11 are running, 12 doesn’t work / doesn’t speak, 13 bought, 14 goes, 15 were sleeping / arrived.
1 has played -played, 2 already — yet, 3 crashed — has crashed, 4 Did -have, 5 since — for, 6 has been already — has already been
1 doesn’t take /walks, 2 Do you take / Do you walk, 3 think / know /have forgotten, 4 had / gave /took, 5 are watching / were playing, 6 am sitting / sit
1 will you know, 2 is travelling, 3 am meeting, 4 am going to buy, 5 will give, 6 is going to talk, 7 am leaving, 8 is attending / will meet /go, 9 does class begin / begins, 10 opens.
1 will be working, 2 will be giving, 3 will be reading, 4 will be talking, 5 will be wearing, 6 will be having / is having, 7 will visit, 8 are moving, 9 will do, 10 will be lying, 11 will spill
1 have been washing, 2 have gone, 3 is ringing/ is driving /has been ringing, 4 was /have forgotten, 5 have you had, 6 has gone / has had, 7 have you played, 8 have you been studying, 9 have you had, 10 has never gone / has never slept, 11 have been waiting, 12 has failed, hasn’t been working
1 have been cooking, 2 has Wendy been, 3 has been sitting, 4 have been doing, 5 haven’t you bought, 6 worked, 7 have lost, 8 have you ever played, 9 have been grumbling, 10 has really improved, have you practiced
1 appeared, 2 studied / graduated, 3 have now completed, 4 I’ve been trying, 5 have already worked, 6 was, 7 have applied / have not managed, 8 applied, 9 started learning/ have not obtained, 10 have not applied, 11 have hoped, 12 have been waiting/ have not received
1 has been / was, 2 met /have met, 3 have done / did, 4 bought / hasn’t bought, 5 has already spent / spent, 6 broke / have never broken, 7 has been working hard / was / worked, 8 came / hasn’t come, 9 hasn’t been, 10 felt / has felt