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английский употребление инфинитива и герундия в английском языке упражнения

Infinitive or gerund. Упражнения с ответами

Упражнения Infinitive or gerund помогут Вам закрепить знания по теме и более не ошибаться в случаях, когда нужно использовать to-infinitive, bare infinitive (без частички to) или ing-form (инговую форму глагола). Упражнения на герундий и инфинитив предлагаются с ответами для самоконтроля. Надеюсь, Вам понравиться. Если у Вас возникнут вопросы – не стесняйтесь и задавайте их в комментариях. Я отвечу на все вопросы, как только появлюсь на сайте :). Вы также можете вспомнить правила употребления инфинитива и герундия, а также случаи когда инфинитив употребляется с частицей to и без нее.

Кстати, если Вы не уверены в том, что можете правильно добавить окончание –ing к глаголу – прочтите статью Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

Infinitive or gerund exercises.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing form of the verb get.

  1. I want _________________________.
  2. I suggest _________________________.
  3. I decided _________________________.
  4. I recommend _________________________.
  5. I hope _________________________.
  6. I feel like _________________________.
  7. I managed _________________________.
  8. I am trying _________________________.
  9. I would appreciate _________________________.
  10. I will not refuse _________________________.
  11. I agree _________________________.
  12. I have denied _________________________.

Упражнение 2. Tick the correct item.

1 Greg enjoys … in the rain.

□ walk □ walking □ to walk

  1. I’d like … Molly an e-mail now.

□ send □sending □ to send

  1. The cold coach watched his team … football.

□ play □ playing □ to play

  1. I prefer … detective stories.

□ read □ reading □ to read

  1. Would you like something …?

□ drink □ drinking □ to drink

Упражнение 3. Use Infinitive or -ing form.

  1. It was quite late when they saw Martin … (come) up the other side of the street. They saw him … (pause) in front of his house, … (look) up at it and … (knock) at the door.
  2. My parents let me (stay) at Molly’s house last weekend. They agreed … (take) me to his place in the car and they made me (promise) to behave myself.
  3. Mel hates (answer) the phone. And very often Mel just lets it … (ring).
  4. At first Jenny enjoyed … (listen) to Steven but after a while she got tired of … (hear) the same story.
  5. Polly can’t (go) to the cinema today. She’s busy … (study) for her exam, which is next week, but she’s decided … (take) a break and … (phone) Megan.
  6. I tried … (listen) carefully and in order (not/show) how I was embarrassed, I did my best … (keep) the conversation … (go) on one topic and another.

Упражнение 4. Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

  1. Peace activist Baroness Bertha von Suttner encouraged Alfred Nobel . a prize for peace. (establish / to establish / establishing / to be established)
  2. The police officer made Neil get out of the car and demanded … his driver’s licence.(see / seeing / to see / to be seen)
  3. In the time of Peter the Great the noblemen were not allowed … beards. (have / to have / having / having had)
  4. They wouldn’t let . the country without the entry visa, would they? (him to enter / he enters / him enter / him entering)
  5. Fred couldn’t make … that he had caught the huge fish himself. (I believed/ me believe / me believed / me to believe)
  6. Nick was very close to the phone-box and Mary noticed him … the number, and then she heard him . something to passer-by. (to dial, to say / dialing, to say / to dial, say / dial, say)
  7. Nick was seen . the hall and then Jane watched him . (enter, go away / be entered, to go away / enter, go away / to have entered, to be gone away)
  8. It’s too late now, but I will always regret . John to do the work. (to ask / asking / ask / to be asked)
  9. My friend Moira stopped . whole milk because she is on a diet. (to buy / buying / buy / to be bought)
  10. They were allowed. discussing the plans, so their partner introduced himself and went on to talk about the project. (to continue / continuing / continue / to be continued)
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Упражнение 5 Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – infinitive or gerund:

to see, to lock, to explain, to go, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to earn, to discuss, to drive, to look, to speak, to understand, to do, to stay, to work, to spend

  1. I wish . the manager.— It’s no use . to him.
  2. Don’t forget . the door before . to bed.
  3. My mother told me not . to anyone about it.
  4. He tried . but she didn’t want .
  5. Would you mind . me how the lift works?
  6. I’m beginning . what you mean.
  7. The boys like . tennis but not . this in bad weather.
  8. Try . this correctly.
  9. He likes . in his cabinet.
  10. I prefer . my car myself.
  11. I advise you . at my place and . for a new flat.
  12. Let’s . this tomorrow, I’m tired now.
  13. Most people prefer . money. Some don’t want . them.

Упражнение 6. Complete the sentences using either the Infinitive or Gerund. Insert prepositions if necessary. Раскройте скобки, употребив герундий или инфинитив (с или без частицы to). Если нужно, вставьте предлог

  1. He used . (think) that life ended at 40, but now when he’s 41, he knows it’s not true.
  2. . (make) such a terrible noise!
  3. It’s five in the morning. I’m not used . (get) up this early,
  4. It’s impossible. (cut) with this knife. It’s blunt.
  5. My father enjoys . (listen) to jazz music.
  6. I’m sorry. (hear) that your mother isn’t well.
  7. Harry looked so funny that I couldn’t help . (laugh).
  8. I couldn’t help them . (find) what they were looking for as I was in too much of a hurry.
  9. I’d like. (cook) something special when guests come.
  10. What do you feel like. (do) tonight?
  11. My dad promised . (buy) me a bike if I passed my exams well.
  12. I hate. (wait) in queues. It really annoys me.
  13. I looked forward . (see) you again soon.
  14. It’s difficult . (concentrate) when there’s loud playing on the radio.
  15. We stopped for a while . (admire) the scenery.
  16. He can’t afford . (hire) a taxi every day.
  17. Is it worth . (run) such an awful risk?
  18. Would you mind . (fetch) another chair?
  19. I offered . (pay) for the meal, but she refused.
  20. I’m sorry. (disturb) you, but could you tell me the time?
  21. My younger sister can’t stop. (eat) sweets.
  22. He dislikes. (spend) money on car repairs.
  23. I remember. (go) to Venice as a child.
  24. . (call) Mike
  25. I suggested . (call) a taxi so we wouldn’t be late.
  26. I can’t stand . (wait) in queues.
  27. There used to . (be) a cinema in our village but it closed down three years ago.
  28. He is Spanish so he’s used . (drive) on the right.
  29. Did you remember . (send) your sister a card? It’s her birthday today.
  30. Have you tried . (read) a book to help you to sleep?
  31. Nowadays I’m used. (go) to bed early.
  32. He’ll never forget . (see) the Grand Canyon for the first time.
  33. He offered . (drive) me to the airport.
  34. I’ll stop . (lend) you money if you waste it on cigarettes.
  35. Maya stopped . (tie) her shoelace.
  36. John suggested . (go) together in one car.
  37. Will you stop . (make) so much noise, boys?
  38. It’s difficult to get used . (sleep) in a tent after having a soft, comfortable bed to lie on.
  39. Linda offered . (look after) my cat while I was out of town.
  40. Could you please stop. (whistle)! I’m trying . (concentrate) on my work.
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Переходим к ответам на упражнения по герундию и инфинитиву.

ОТВЕТЫ

Exercise 1.

To get a good job – 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11

Getting a good job – 2, 4, 6, 9, 12

Exercise 2.

1 walking; 2 to send, 3 to do; 4 playing; 5 reading; 6 to drink

Exercise 3.

  1. come, pause, look, knock 2. stay, to take, promise 3. answering, ring 4. listening, hearing 5, go, studying, to take, to phone 6 to listen, not to show, to keep, going.

Exercise 4.

1 to establish, 2 to see, 3 to have, 4 him enter, 5 me believe, 6 dial, say, 7 enter, 8 go away, 9 asking, 10 to continue

Exercise 5.

1 to see / writing , 2 to lock / going, 3 to speak / to listen, 4 to explain / to listen, 5 showing, 6 to understand, 7 to play (playing) / to do 8 to do, 9 to work или working , 10 to drive или driving 11 to stay / to look 12 discuss 13 to earn (earning) / to spend или to spend (spending) / to earn.

Exercise 6.

1 to think, 2 making, 3 to getting, 4 to cut, 5 listening, 6 to hear, 7 laughing, 8 find, 9 to cook, 10 doing, 11 to buy, 12 waiting, 13 to seeing, 14 to concentrate, 15 to admire, 16 to hire, 17 running, 18 fetching, 19 to pay, 20 to disturb, 21 eating, 22 spending, 23 going, 24 to call, 25 calling, 26 waiting, 27 be, 28 to driving, 29 to send, 30 reading, 31 to going, 32 seeing, 33 to drive, 34 lending, 35 to tie, 36 going, 37 making, 38 to sleeping, 39 to look after, 40 whistling / to concentrate

Надеюсь, вам понравились эти упражнения на герундий и инфинитив

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Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

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Упражнения «Герундий и инфинитив» (с ответами)

1. Выберите из скобок герундий или инфинитив.

  1. I am planning … (to visit/visiting) my granny next week. (Я планирую навестить бабулю на следующей неделе.)
  2. When they finish … (to eat/eating) their lunch, they’ll go to the office. (Когда они закончат обедать, они отправятся в офис.)
  3. He suggested … (to buy/buying) some food. (Он предложил купить немного продуктов.)
  4. Does Sally enjoy … (to go/going) to the gym? (Сэлли нравится ходить в тренажерный зал?)
  5. Don’t put off … (to write/writing) a report till the end of the month. (Не откладывай написание доклада до конца месяца.)
  6. John refused … (to answer/answering) my question. (Джон отказался отвечать на мой вопрос.)
  7. My brother intends … (to get/getting) married soon. (Мой брат намеревается скоро жениться.)
  8. I think she didn’t mean … (to hurt/hurting) you. (Думаю, она не хотела обидеть тебя.)
  9. Keep … (to beat/beating) the eggs. (Продолжай взбивать яйца.)
  10. Fred can’t afford … (to travel/travelling) this year. (Фред не может себе позволить в этом году путешествовать.)
  11. We expect … (to leave/leaving) tomorrow. (Мы собираемся уехать завтра.)
  12. Mary decided … (to fly/flying) to Venice. (Мэри решила полететь в Венецию.)
  13. The sportsmen hope … (to get/getting) the best results. (Спортсмены надеются добиться лучших результатов.)
  14. Are you going to give up … (to smoke/smoking)? (Ты собираешься бросать курить?)
  15. They don’t want … (to have/having) any more children. (Они больше не хотят иметь детей.)
  16. I don’t mind … (to wash up/washing up). (Я не против того, чтобы помыть посуду.)
  17. Girls, stop … (to giggle/giggling). (Девочки, перестаньте хихикать.)
  18. Ben likes … (to play/playing) chess. (Бен любит играть в шахматы.)
  19. Lara goes … (to dance/dancing) every weekend. (Лара ходит на танцы каждые выходные.)
  20. Harry can’t stand … (to work/working) on Saturdays. (Гарри не выносит работы по субботам.)
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2. Выберите инфинитив с частицей to или без нее.

  1. We can … (speak/to speak) Spanish. ( Мы умеем говорить по-испански.)
  2. He often makes me … (feel/to feel) guilty. (Он часто заставляет меня чувствовать виноватой.)
  3. You have … (be/to be) friendly and polite. (Ты должен быть дружелюбным и вежливым.)
  4. She must … (stay/to stay). (Она обязана остаться.)
  5. The lawyer will … (call/to call) you later. (Юрист позвонит вам позже.)
  6. I’d like … (send/to send) him a present. (Я бы хотела послать ему подарок.)
  7. You’d better … (move/to move) faster. (Тебе лучше двигаться быстрее.)
  8. We heard somebody … (enter/to enter) the apartment. (Мы слышали, как кто-то вошел в квартиру.)
  9. Mother wants … (paint/to paint) the walls in the kitchen. (Мама хочет покрасить стены на кухне.)
  10. We decided … (sell/to sell) the car. (Мы решили продать машину.)
  11. He always fails … (keep/to keep) his word. (Он всегда не сдерживает слово.)
  12. I am trying … (lift/to lift) this heavy stone. (Я пытаюсь поднять этот тяжелый камень.)
  13. Let me … (give/to give) you some advice. (Позволь мне дать тебе совет.)
  14. It may … (cost/to cost) too much. (Это может стоить слишком много.)
  15. She saw him … (cross/to cross) the street. (Она видела, как он переходит улицу.)

3. Составьте предложения, выбрав начало из первого столбца и окончание – из второго.

  1. She is interested a) drinking alcohol.
  2. I would like b) to seeing my daughter.
  3. You should give up c) being ill.
  4. We really enjoy d) laughing at her.
  5. I’m looking forward e) to living in a dirty house.
  6. He is used f) talking to drunk people.
  7. She pretended g) swimming in the sea.
  8. Pamela is good h) to have a cup of coffee.
  9. I couldn’t help i) in surfing the Internet.
  10. She avoids j) at riding a horse.

Ответы:

  1. to visit
  2. eating
  3. buying
  4. going
  5. writing
  6. to answer
  7. to get
  8. to hurt
  9. beating
  10. to travel
  11. to leave
  12. to fly
  13. to get
  14. smoking
  15. to have
  16. washing up
  17. giggling
  18. playing
  19. dancing
  20. working

1 – i (Ее интересует проведение времени в интернете.)

2 – h (Я бы хотел выпить чашку кофе.)

3 – a (Тебе нужно бросить употреблять алкоголь.)

4 – g (Нам очень нравится плавать в море.)

5 – b (С нетерпением жду встречи с дочкой.)

6 – e (Он привык жить в грязном доме.)

7 – c (Она притворилась больной.)

8 – j (У Памелы есть способности к езде верхом на лошади.)

9 – d (Я не мог не смеяться над ней.)

10 – f (Она избегает разговоров с пьяными.)

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