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английская грамматика герундий упражнения

Infinitive or gerund. Упражнения с ответами

Упражнения Infinitive or gerund помогут Вам закрепить знания по теме и более не ошибаться в случаях, когда нужно использовать to-infinitive, bare infinitive (без частички to) или ing-form (инговую форму глагола). Упражнения на герундий и инфинитив предлагаются с ответами для самоконтроля. Надеюсь, Вам понравиться. Если у Вас возникнут вопросы – не стесняйтесь и задавайте их в комментариях. Я отвечу на все вопросы, как только появлюсь на сайте :). Вы также можете вспомнить правила употребления инфинитива и герундия, а также случаи когда инфинитив употребляется с частицей to и без нее.

Кстати, если Вы не уверены в том, что можете правильно добавить окончание –ing к глаголу – прочтите статью Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

Infinitive or gerund exercises.

Упражнение 1. Complete the sentences with the expression get a good job. Use the Infinitive or the -ing form of the verb get.

  1. I want _________________________.
  2. I suggest _________________________.
  3. I decided _________________________.
  4. I recommend _________________________.
  5. I hope _________________________.
  6. I feel like _________________________.
  7. I managed _________________________.
  8. I am trying _________________________.
  9. I would appreciate _________________________.
  10. I will not refuse _________________________.
  11. I agree _________________________.
  12. I have denied _________________________.

Упражнение 2. Tick the correct item.

1 Greg enjoys … in the rain.

□ walk □ walking □ to walk

  1. I’d like … Molly an e-mail now.

□ send □sending □ to send

  1. The cold coach watched his team … football.

□ play □ playing □ to play

  1. I prefer … detective stories.

□ read □ reading □ to read

  1. Would you like something …?

□ drink □ drinking □ to drink

Упражнение 3. Use Infinitive or -ing form.

  1. It was quite late when they saw Martin … (come) up the other side of the street. They saw him … (pause) in front of his house, … (look) up at it and … (knock) at the door.
  2. My parents let me (stay) at Molly’s house last weekend. They agreed … (take) me to his place in the car and they made me (promise) to behave myself.
  3. Mel hates (answer) the phone. And very often Mel just lets it … (ring).
  4. At first Jenny enjoyed … (listen) to Steven but after a while she got tired of … (hear) the same story.
  5. Polly can’t (go) to the cinema today. She’s busy … (study) for her exam, which is next week, but she’s decided … (take) a break and … (phone) Megan.
  6. I tried … (listen) carefully and in order (not/show) how I was embarrassed, I did my best … (keep) the conversation … (go) on one topic and another.

Упражнение 4. Прочитайте предложения. Выберите один из предложенных вариантов ответа.

  1. Peace activist Baroness Bertha von Suttner encouraged Alfred Nobel . a prize for peace. (establish / to establish / establishing / to be established)
  2. The police officer made Neil get out of the car and demanded … his driver’s licence.(see / seeing / to see / to be seen)
  3. In the time of Peter the Great the noblemen were not allowed … beards. (have / to have / having / having had)
  4. They wouldn’t let . the country without the entry visa, would they? (him to enter / he enters / him enter / him entering)
  5. Fred couldn’t make … that he had caught the huge fish himself. (I believed/ me believe / me believed / me to believe)
  6. Nick was very close to the phone-box and Mary noticed him … the number, and then she heard him . something to passer-by. (to dial, to say / dialing, to say / to dial, say / dial, say)
  7. Nick was seen . the hall and then Jane watched him . (enter, go away / be entered, to go away / enter, go away / to have entered, to be gone away)
  8. It’s too late now, but I will always regret . John to do the work. (to ask / asking / ask / to be asked)
  9. My friend Moira stopped . whole milk because she is on a diet. (to buy / buying / buy / to be bought)
  10. They were allowed. discussing the plans, so their partner introduced himself and went on to talk about the project. (to continue / continuing / continue / to be continued)

Упражнение 5 Put one of the given verbs in the correct form – infinitive or gerund:

to see, to lock, to explain, to go, to show, to play, to listen, to do, to write, to earn, to discuss, to drive, to look, to speak, to understand, to do, to stay, to work, to spend

  1. I wish . the manager.— It’s no use . to him.
  2. Don’t forget . the door before . to bed.
  3. My mother told me not . to anyone about it.
  4. He tried . but she didn’t want .
  5. Would you mind . me how the lift works?
  6. I’m beginning . what you mean.
  7. The boys like . tennis but not . this in bad weather.
  8. Try . this correctly.
  9. He likes . in his cabinet.
  10. I prefer . my car myself.
  11. I advise you . at my place and . for a new flat.
  12. Let’s . this tomorrow, I’m tired now.
  13. Most people prefer . money. Some don’t want . them.

Упражнение 6. Complete the sentences using either the Infinitive or Gerund. Insert prepositions if necessary. Раскройте скобки, употребив герундий или инфинитив (с или без частицы to). Если нужно, вставьте предлог

  1. He used . (think) that life ended at 40, but now when he’s 41, he knows it’s not true.
  2. . (make) such a terrible noise!
  3. It’s five in the morning. I’m not used . (get) up this early,
  4. It’s impossible. (cut) with this knife. It’s blunt.
  5. My father enjoys . (listen) to jazz music.
  6. I’m sorry. (hear) that your mother isn’t well.
  7. Harry looked so funny that I couldn’t help . (laugh).
  8. I couldn’t help them . (find) what they were looking for as I was in too much of a hurry.
  9. I’d like. (cook) something special when guests come.
  10. What do you feel like. (do) tonight?
  11. My dad promised . (buy) me a bike if I passed my exams well.
  12. I hate. (wait) in queues. It really annoys me.
  13. I looked forward . (see) you again soon.
  14. It’s difficult . (concentrate) when there’s loud playing on the radio.
  15. We stopped for a while . (admire) the scenery.
  16. He can’t afford . (hire) a taxi every day.
  17. Is it worth . (run) such an awful risk?
  18. Would you mind . (fetch) another chair?
  19. I offered . (pay) for the meal, but she refused.
  20. I’m sorry. (disturb) you, but could you tell me the time?
  21. My younger sister can’t stop. (eat) sweets.
  22. He dislikes. (spend) money on car repairs.
  23. I remember. (go) to Venice as a child.
  24. . (call) Mike
  25. I suggested . (call) a taxi so we wouldn’t be late.
  26. I can’t stand . (wait) in queues.
  27. There used to . (be) a cinema in our village but it closed down three years ago.
  28. He is Spanish so he’s used . (drive) on the right.
  29. Did you remember . (send) your sister a card? It’s her birthday today.
  30. Have you tried . (read) a book to help you to sleep?
  31. Nowadays I’m used. (go) to bed early.
  32. He’ll never forget . (see) the Grand Canyon for the first time.
  33. He offered . (drive) me to the airport.
  34. I’ll stop . (lend) you money if you waste it on cigarettes.
  35. Maya stopped . (tie) her shoelace.
  36. John suggested . (go) together in one car.
  37. Will you stop . (make) so much noise, boys?
  38. It’s difficult to get used . (sleep) in a tent after having a soft, comfortable bed to lie on.
  39. Linda offered . (look after) my cat while I was out of town.
  40. Could you please stop. (whistle)! I’m trying . (concentrate) on my work.
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Переходим к ответам на упражнения по герундию и инфинитиву.

ОТВЕТЫ

Exercise 1.

To get a good job – 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11

Getting a good job – 2, 4, 6, 9, 12

Exercise 2.

1 walking; 2 to send, 3 to do; 4 playing; 5 reading; 6 to drink

Exercise 3.

  1. come, pause, look, knock 2. stay, to take, promise 3. answering, ring 4. listening, hearing 5, go, studying, to take, to phone 6 to listen, not to show, to keep, going.

Exercise 4.

1 to establish, 2 to see, 3 to have, 4 him enter, 5 me believe, 6 dial, say, 7 enter, 8 go away, 9 asking, 10 to continue

Exercise 5.

1 to see / writing , 2 to lock / going, 3 to speak / to listen, 4 to explain / to listen, 5 showing, 6 to understand, 7 to play (playing) / to do 8 to do, 9 to work или working , 10 to drive или driving 11 to stay / to look 12 discuss 13 to earn (earning) / to spend или to spend (spending) / to earn.

Exercise 6.

1 to think, 2 making, 3 to getting, 4 to cut, 5 listening, 6 to hear, 7 laughing, 8 find, 9 to cook, 10 doing, 11 to buy, 12 waiting, 13 to seeing, 14 to concentrate, 15 to admire, 16 to hire, 17 running, 18 fetching, 19 to pay, 20 to disturb, 21 eating, 22 spending, 23 going, 24 to call, 25 calling, 26 waiting, 27 be, 28 to driving, 29 to send, 30 reading, 31 to going, 32 seeing, 33 to drive, 34 lending, 35 to tie, 36 going, 37 making, 38 to sleeping, 39 to look after, 40 whistling / to concentrate

Надеюсь, вам понравились эти упражнения на герундий и инфинитив

Понравилось? Сохраните на будущее и поделитесь с друзьями!

11 Комментариев для «Infinitive or gerund. Упражнения с ответами»

Ing-form. Participle I: как образовать правильно?

Read more at:ссылочки нет для перехода, но я нашла )) по поисковику, а было бы удjбнее сразу. Спасибо за Ваш ресурс!

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Герундий и его временные формы. Gerund and temporary forms

Герундий это помесь глагола и существительного, или существительное с оттенком какого-то процесса. Состоит из двух частей:

глагол + -ing

read ing – чтение
swimm ing – плавание
sing ing – пение
wait ing – ожидание и т.д.

Так как в русском языке герундия нет, то нет и однозначной схемы для перевода. Нужно ориентироваться на смысл предложения.

Do you like skating ? – Вы любите кататься на коньках (дословно: катание на коньках)?
He left the room without saying good-bye. – Он вышел из комнаты, не попрощавшись (дословно: без прощания).
Thanks for coming . – Спасибо, что пришли.
Reading newspapers and watching TV news make her feel depressed. – От чтения газет и просмотра новостей по телевизору она впадает в депрессию.
I really hate cleaning the house. – Я терпеть не могу убирать (уборку) в доме.
I remember hearing this song in childhood. – Помню, что слышал эту песню в детстве.
Seeing is believing . – Увидеть значит поверить.

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Чтобы сделать отрицательную форму, ставим not перед герундием.

She scolded me for not learning my lessons. – Она ругала меня за то, что я не учил уроки.
Not eating on time may ruin your health. – Если питаться не вовремя, это может ослабить здоровье.
Not knowing what to do, she went home. – Не зная, что делать, она пошла домой.

В указаниях-запрещениях может стоять частица no :

No smoking! – Не курить!
No talking! – Не разговаривать!

Герундий также может стоять в перфекте. Это значит, что действие случилось раньше, чем действие, обозначенное другим глаголом в предложении

Формула перфектного герундия:

hav ing + глагол с окончанием -ed
(или из 3 колонки таблицы неправильных глаголов)

I’m sure of having read this poem before. – Уверен, что читал эту поэму раньше.
He regretted now of having written this letter. – Он сожалел, что написал это письмо.
He is proud of having invited this man to his place. – Он гордится тем, что пригласил этого человека к себе.

У герундия есть также две формы в пассивном залоге.

Если лицо / предмет, который стоит в роли подлежащего (т.е. «кто» или «что») не сам делает какое-то действие, а испытывает действие на себе (а действие выполняет кто-то другой), то используем следующую формулу:

be ing + глагол с окончанием -ed
(или из 3 колонки таблицы неправильных глаголов)

I like being invited by my friends. – Я люблю, когда меня приглашают друзья.
She loves being looked at . – Ей нравится, когда на неё смотрят.
He does not like being told what to do – Ему не нравится, когда ему говорят, что делать.
I insist on being listened to . – Я настаиваю, чтобы меня выслушали.

Лицо / предмет испытывал на себе действие раньше.

hav ing been + глагол с окончанием -ed
(или из 3 колонки таблицы неправильных глаголов)

I remember having been shown the letter. – Я помню, что мне показывали письмо.
He was proud of having been elected chairman. – Он гордился, что был избран председателем.
He complained of having been tortured by the police. – Он подал жалобу на то, что был подвергнут пыткам со стороны полиции.
He was proud of having been invited to the party. – Он гордился тем, что его пригласили на вечер.

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Упражнения по теме «Герундий»

Упражнение 1. Образуйте герундий от данных ниже глаголов. Используйте образец. Переведите их.

to fish (рыбачить) – fishing (рыбалка)

to collect (коллекционировать) – collecting (коллекция)

Упражнение 2. Найдите в предложениях герундий и определите время, залог и его функцию. Переведите предложения.

1. Smoking costs a lot of money.

2. I will call you after arriving at the office.

3. Please have a drink before leaving.

4. I am looking forward to meeting you.

5. Do you object to working late?

6. Mary always dreams about going on holiday.

7. Please excuse us for waiting too long.

8. My favoutite occupation is reading.

9. We are interested in buying these goods.

10. I have three shirts that need washing.

11. They insisted on being sent the results of tests.

12. What is the purpose of his going there?

13. This letter requires signing.

14. I am grateful for his helping me. I am grateful for his having helped me.

15. We thank you for sending us your letter.

16. The house wants repainting.

Упражнение 3. Прочитайте текст, переведите его. Скажите, в каких функциях упортеблен герундий.

Bad habit.

Lena has a bad habit. She smokes. Her friends always tell her to stop smoking. They say that smoking is unhealthy. Lena knows it, but still keeps on smoking. She wants to stop, but she can`t. Smoking is a habit she just can`t break.

Упражнение 4. Назовите функции герундия.

1. Reading English technical magazines is important for engineers.

2. They finished installing tha apparatus only on Sunday.

3. They began making the experiment in May.

4. After failing his examination in January he had to take it again in February.

5. At the meet they discussed different ways of improving their work.

6. Speaking foreign anguages is important for everyone.

7. They objected to his staying at home.

Упражнение 5. Переделайте предложения по образцу, используя can remember/ can`t remember.

1. He was in hospital when he was 4.

2. He went to Paris when he was 8.

3. Once he fell into a river.

4. He cried on his first day at school.

5. He said he wanted to be a doctor.

6. Once he was bitten by a dog.

He still remembers 1, 2, 4.

He can not remember 3, 5, 6.

ü He can remember being in hospital when he was 4.

Упражнение 6. Дополните предложения по смыслу, используя need(s).

clean, cut, empty, redecorate, tighten

1. Her jacket is dirty.It needs cleaning.

2. The glass is very long. It needs………

3. The room is not nice. It ………………

4. The screw is loose. It…………………

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5. The bin is full. It………………………

Упражнение 7. Дополните предложения, используя likes/ doesn`t like.

1. George is a detective. He enjoys his work. He likes solving mysteries. (solve mysteries)

2. Ann very rarely travels by plane. She_________________(fly).

3. Rose always carries a camera with her. She____________(take photographs).

4. Christine doesn`t use her car very often. She__________(drive).

5. Dave is a gardener. He likes his job. He_______________(work in the open air).

6. Ted is extremely lazy. He ____________________(do nothing).

Упражнение 8. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в правильную форму.

1. Do you mind ……. (travel) such a long way to work?

2. Ann loves ……. (cook) but she hates…….(wash) up.

3. I tried to be serious but I couldn`t help (не мог не) ….(laugh)

4. You can improve your English by ……(do) a lot of reading.

5. Tom left without ……(finish) his dinner.

6. She ran 5 miles without ……… (stop).

7. They got into the house by …(break) a kitchen window and climbing in.

8. It`s nice to go on holiday without …..(have) to worry about money.

Упражнение 9. Выберите предлоги, данные в скобках (in, of, for, to, like, on)

1. He insisted ….buying me a dress.

2. I`m looking forward ….meeting her.

3. Has he succeeded ….finding a job yet?

4. He apologized … keeping me waiting.

5. I`m thinking ….buying a flat.

6. We don`t feel …going out tonight.

Упражнение 10. Образуйте из двух данных вам предложений одно. Используйте образец.

1. Don`t worry about it. It is no use. – it is no use worrying about it.

2. Don`t get a taxi. It is not worth it. – ……………………………..

3. Don`t try to escape. It is no use. – …………………………….

4. Don`t smoke. It is a waste of money. – ……………………….

5. Don`t hurry. It`s not worth it. – ……………………………….

6. Don`t read newspapers. It`s a waste of time. – ……………….

7. Don`t get angry. It`s not worth it. – ………………………….

8. Don`t study if you are feeling tired. There is no point. –………..

Упражнение 11. Заполните пропуски подходящим по смыслу глаголом.

Answer, apply, be, listen, be, make, see, try, use, wash, work, write

1. He tried to avoid answering my question

2. Could you please stop….. so much noise?

3. I enjoy ……..to music.

4. I considered ……..for the job but in the end I decided against it.

5. Have you finished …….your hair yet?

6. If you walk into the road without looking, you ….knocked down.

7. Jim is 65 but he isn`t going to retire yet. He wants to carry on .

8. I don`t mind you …the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.

9. Hello! Fancy …. you here! What a surprise!

10. What a stupid thing to do. Can you imagine anybody ….so stupid!

11. I`ve put off . the letter so many times. I really must do it today.

12. Sarah gave up . to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.

Упражнение 12. Переделайте предложения так, чтобы смысл совпадал с исходным предложением.

1. I can do what I want and you can`t stop me. – You can`t stop me doing what I want.

2. It s not a good idea to travel during the rush hour. – It`s better to avoid……………….

3. Shall we go away tomorrow instead of today? – Shall we postpone……………until…………. ……………………………….?

4. The driver of the car said it was true he didn`t have a license. – The driver of the car admitted……..…….……………………………….

5. Could you turn the radio down, please? – Would you mind……. …?

6. Please don`t interrupt me all the time. – Would you mind……. ….

Упражнение 13. Закончите самостоятельно предложения.

1. She is a very interesting person. I always enjoy talking to her.

2. I`m not feeling very well. I don`t fancy………………………

3. I`m afraid there aren`t any chairs. I hope you don`t mind……

4. It was a lovely day, so I suggested……………………………

5. It was very funny. I couldn`t stop…………………………….

6. My car isn`t very reliable. It keeps……………………………

Причастие (The participle)

Причастие в английском языке представляет собой неличную форму глагола, которая наряду со свойствами глагола имеет свойства прилагательного или наречия.

Обладая свойствами прилагательного, причастие служит определением к существительному. В этой функции оно соответствует русскому причастию. Причастие I выражает активное действие. Причастие II выражает действие, совершаемое над подлежащим.

A broken cup lay on the table. – Разбитая чашка лежала на столе.

Обладая свойствами наречия, причастие служит обстоятельством, определяющим действие, выраженное сказуемым. В этой функции оно соответствует русскому деепричастию.

Standing on the bank of the river, he watched the dockers at work. – Стоя на берегу реки, он наблюдал, как работают докеры.

Образование форма причастия

Present Participle (причастие настоящего времени) образуется путем прибавления ing к инфинитиву глагола (без частицы to):

To study – studying

To tie tying

To travel – travelling

Past Participle (причастие прошедшего времени)правильных глаголов образуется путем прибавления к глаголу в форме инфинитива окончания – ed:

Past Participle неправильных глаголов образуется различными способами:

Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-04-19; Нарушение авторского права страницы

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